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  1. 1. Part I Elements Texture and Form Music: An Appreciation, Brief 7th Edition by Roger Kamien 2011 © McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  2. 2. Ch. 8 - Musical Texture <ul><li>Layering of sound, how layers relate </li></ul><ul><li>Monophonic Texture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single, unaccompanied melody </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Literally “one sound” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Polyphonic Texture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 or more equally important melodies sounding simultaneously </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Homophonic Texture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One melody with accompanimnet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Changing texture within a piece creates variety and contrast </li></ul>
  3. 3. Listening <ul><li>“ Farandole” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>from L’Arlesienne Suite , No. 2 (1879) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>by Georges Bizet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Listening Outline: p. 46 </li></ul><ul><li>Brief set, CD 1:37 </li></ul><ul><li>Note: contrasting textures </li></ul>
  4. 4. Ch. 9 - Musical Form <ul><li>Organization of musical elements in time </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques that create musical form </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repetition – restating musical ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrast – avoiding monotony with new ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Variation – reworking ideas to them new </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Types of musical form </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ternary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple A B A </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subdivided aba cdc aba </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subdivided aba cdc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subdivided aba </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Listening <ul><li>“ Dance of the Reed Pipes” </li></ul><ul><li>from Nutcracker Suite (1892) </li></ul><ul><li>by Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky </li></ul><ul><li>Listening Outline: p. 49 </li></ul><ul><li>Brief Set, CD 1:42 </li></ul><ul><li>Note: ternary form </li></ul>
  6. 6. Types of Musical Form <ul><li>Binary </li></ul><ul><li>A B </li></ul><ul><li>A A B </li></ul><ul><li>A B B </li></ul><ul><li>A A B B </li></ul>
  7. 7. Listening <ul><li>“ Bour ée ” </li></ul><ul><li>from Suite in E Minor for Lute (1710) </li></ul><ul><li>by Johann Sebastian Bach </li></ul><ul><li>Listening Outline: p. 51 </li></ul><ul><li>Brief Set, CD 1:45 </li></ul><ul><li>Note binary form </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ch. 10 - Musical Style <ul><li>Characteristic way of using melody, rhythm, tone color, dynamics, harmony, texture, and form </li></ul><ul><li>Western art music can be divided into: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Middle Ages—450-1450 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renaissance—1450-1600 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baroque—1600-1750 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Classical—1750-1820 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Romantic—1820-1900 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20 th Century to 1945 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1945 to present </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shaped by political, economic, social, and intellectual developments </li></ul>

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