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  • Part I Elements Texture and Form Music: An Appreciation, Brief 7th Edition by Roger Kamien 2011 © McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Ch. 8 - Musical Texture
    • Layering of sound, how layers relate
    • Monophonic Texture
      • Single, unaccompanied melody
        • Literally “one sound”
    • Polyphonic Texture
      • 2 or more equally important melodies sounding simultaneously
    • Homophonic Texture
      • One melody with accompanimnet
    • Changing texture within a piece creates variety and contrast
  • Listening
    • “ Farandole”
      • from L’Arlesienne Suite , No. 2 (1879)
      • by Georges Bizet
    • Listening Outline: p. 46
    • Brief set, CD 1:37
    • Note: contrasting textures
  • Ch. 9 - Musical Form
    • Organization of musical elements in time
    • Techniques that create musical form
      • Repetition – restating musical ideas
      • Contrast – avoiding monotony with new ideas
      • Variation – reworking ideas to them new
    • Types of musical form
      • Ternary
      • Simple A B A
      • Subdivided aba cdc aba
      • Subdivided aba cdc
      • Subdivided aba
  • Listening
    • “ Dance of the Reed Pipes”
    • from Nutcracker Suite (1892)
    • by Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
    • Listening Outline: p. 49
    • Brief Set, CD 1:42
    • Note: ternary form
  • Types of Musical Form
    • Binary
    • A B
    • A A B
    • A B B
    • A A B B
  • Listening
    • “ Bour ée ”
    • from Suite in E Minor for Lute (1710)
    • by Johann Sebastian Bach
    • Listening Outline: p. 51
    • Brief Set, CD 1:45
    • Note binary form
  • Ch. 10 - Musical Style
    • Characteristic way of using melody, rhythm, tone color, dynamics, harmony, texture, and form
    • Western art music can be divided into:
      • Middle Ages—450-1450
      • Renaissance—1450-1600
      • Baroque—1600-1750
      • Classical—1750-1820
      • Romantic—1820-1900
      • 20 th Century to 1945
      • 1945 to present
    • Shaped by political, economic, social, and intellectual developments