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mhr

  1. 1. Music: An Appreciation 7th brief Edition by Roger Kamien 2011 © McGraw-Hill Higher Education Edited by Carolyn Ponce
  2. 2. Part 1, Chapter 3 Rhythm <ul><li>How music flows through time </li></ul><ul><li>Particular arrangement of note lengths </li></ul><ul><li>Beat </li></ul><ul><li>Recurrent pulsation </li></ul><ul><li>Divides music into equal units of time </li></ul><ul><li>Meter </li></ul><ul><li>Grouping of beats into 2’s and 3’s, strong and weak beats </li></ul><ul><li>Accent and Syncopation </li></ul><ul><li>Accent: note or beat is emphasized </li></ul><ul><li>Syncopation: emphasis placed on unexpected note or beat </li></ul>
  3. 3. Part 1, Chapter 3 Rhythm <ul><li>Tempo </li></ul><ul><li>Speed of the beat, the pace of the music </li></ul><ul><li>Associated with emotional effect </li></ul><ul><li>Tempo is usually indicated at the beginning of the piece or in the title </li></ul><ul><li>As with dynamics, Italian terms are used </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time Signature indicates the meter of the piece </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Metronome </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical or electronic tool that indicates exact tempo </li></ul>
  4. 4. Part 1, Chapter 4 Music Notation <ul><li>Notation allows composers to communicate their ideas to others. </li></ul><ul><li>Notating pitch </li></ul><ul><li>Letter names: A B C D E F G </li></ul><ul><li>Staff: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5 lines and four spaces, treble or bass clef </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grand staff: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>two staves together, treble and bass. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Part 1, Chapter 4 Music Notation <ul><li>Keyboard note naming with notation. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Part 1, Chapter 4 Music Notation <ul><li>Music Notation indicating rhythm </li></ul>Music Notation indicating silence
  7. 7. Part 1, Chapter 4 Music Notation <ul><ul><li>The Score </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes music for every instrument or voice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can include 20+ staves of music at once </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is an example of an orchestral score in your text for you to view. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(No, you do not have to know how to read it) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Part 1, Chapter 5 Melody <ul><ul><li>The melody is: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A series of single notes that add up to a recognizable whole </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Begins, moves, and ends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has moments of tension, climax, and release </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can move stepwise up and down the scale or have leaps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be smooth (legato) or choppy (staccato) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can have phrases (sections or parts) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can have bits of repeated notes (sequences) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Always has a cadence (ending) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Part 1, Chapter 6 Harmony <ul><ul><li>The harmony is: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The way chords are constructed and how they follow each other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be a chord (3 or more notes sounding at same time) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Triad (3 notes) is most basic chord </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or be an arpeggio (notes of chord not sounding at same time) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Has a progression (how chords follow each other) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be consonant (stable, restful chords) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or be dissonant (unstable, tense chords) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can have resolution (movement from dissonant to consonant </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Part 1, Chapter 7 Key <ul><ul><li>The key is: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where the melody or harmony centers around as a central note </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be Major </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bright, happy sound </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be Minor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dark, sad sound </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be Modal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Like major or minor, but different (church modes or Nonwestern music) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Uses a key signature for the musician to know which one </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can modulate (change) to another key in the middle of a piece </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Listening <ul><li>Prelude in E minor for Piano, Op 28, No. 4 (1839) </li></ul><ul><li>by Fr édéric Chopin </li></ul><ul><li>Listening Outline: p. 40 </li></ul><ul><li>Note: Harmony </li></ul><ul><li>for variety and movement </li></ul>

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