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2011 © McGraw-Hill Higher Education<br />Edited by Carolyn Ponce<br />Music: An Appreciation7th brief Editionby Roger Kami...
Part 1, Chapter 1Sound<br />Our world is filled with sounds<br />Sounds can be pleasant or unpleasant<br />Humans are able...
Four main properties of musical sounds<br />
Pitch: Highness or Lowness of A Sound<br />Determined by frequency of vibration<br />Fast vibration=high pitch; slow vibra...
Dynamics: Loudness or softness of a Sound<br />Related to amplitude of vibration producing sound<br />Changes in dynamics ...
Tone Color: QualityOf a Sound<br />Also known as Timbre–Quality that distinguishes tones<br />Can be bright, dark, mellow,...
Listening Outlines, Vocal Music Guides, and the Properties of Sound<br />Helps focus attention on musical events as they o...
Listening<br />The Firebird, Scene 2  (1910)<br />by Igor Stravinsky<br />Listening Outline:  p. 7<br />Note:	Tone colors ...
Listening<br />C-Jam Blues (1942)<br />	by Duke Ellington and His Famous Orchestra<br />Listening Outline: p. 8<br />Note:...
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Musical elements sound

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Transcript of "Musical elements sound"

  1. 1. 2011 © McGraw-Hill Higher Education<br />Edited by Carolyn Ponce<br />Music: An Appreciation7th brief Editionby Roger Kamien<br />
  2. 2. Part 1, Chapter 1Sound<br />Our world is filled with sounds<br />Sounds can be pleasant or unpleasant<br />Humans are able to focus on specific sounds and ignore sounds that do not interest us<br />Sound<br />Begins as result of a vibrations transmitted through a medium – air<br />Impulses sent to brain for processing<br />Music: organization of sounds in time<br />
  3. 3. Four main properties of musical sounds<br />
  4. 4. Pitch: Highness or Lowness of A Sound<br />Determined by frequency of vibration<br />Fast vibration=high pitch; slow vibration=low pitch<br />Generally, smaller vibrating objects=higher pitches<br />In music, definite pitch is a tone<br />Tones have specific frequencies<br />e.g., 440 cycles (vibrations) per second = A<br />Irregular vibrations create sounds of indefinite pitch (“thunk”)<br />Interval: distance between 2 tones<br />Non-western music uses different intervals than Western music<br />Range: distance between voice or instrument’s highest & lowest possible tones<br />
  5. 5. Dynamics: Loudness or softness of a Sound<br />Related to amplitude of vibration producing sound<br />Changes in dynamics may be sudden or gradual<br />Accent: tone played louder than tones near it<br />Italian terms and symbols used to indicate dynamic level and changes in dynamics<br />
  6. 6. Tone Color: QualityOf a Sound<br />Also known as Timbre–Quality that distinguishes tones<br />Can be bright, dark, mellow, etc.<br />Changes in tone color create variety and contrast<br />Tone colors add a sense of continuity<br />Specific melodies with specific tone colors<br />Unlimited variety of tone colors<br />Composers frequently blend sounds of instruments to create new tone colors<br />Modern electronic techniques create new tone colors<br />
  7. 7. Listening Outlines, Vocal Music Guides, and the Properties of Sound<br />Helps focus attention on musical events as they occur<br />Preceded by description of the music’s main features<br />Listening Outline - points out notable musical sounds<br />Vocal Music Guide – helps the listener follow the thought, story, or drama<br />Suggestion: while listening to one passage, look ahead to what is next.<br />
  8. 8. Listening<br />The Firebird, Scene 2 (1910)<br />by Igor Stravinsky<br />Listening Outline: p. 7<br />Note: Tone colors through <br /> instrumentation<br /> Dynamic contrasts<br />
  9. 9. Listening<br />C-Jam Blues (1942)<br /> by Duke Ellington and His Famous Orchestra<br />Listening Outline: p. 8<br />Note: Tone colors<br />Repeated note melody<br />Improvised solos<br />Muted brass instruments<br />

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