How To Cite Version 1.0.

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How to properly cite your research sources and create a references section including some suggestions for the citing styles to use and an introduction to some of the tools that can be used to simplify …

How to properly cite your research sources and create a references section including some suggestions for the citing styles to use and an introduction to some of the tools that can be used to simplify the creation of a references section. Importantly, covers how to make use of the work of others without plagiarising!

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  • How to Write a Lab Report This presentation contains “live web pages” and will give best results if viewed on while connected to the Internet. For off-line use, URLs for all the web pages referred to in the body are provided in the references slides.

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  • 1. How to Cite Dr C. P. Jobling ( [email_address] ) (c) Swansea University. All Rights Reserved.
  • 2. PROJECT ASSESSMENT LEVEL 3 PROJECTS
  • 3. How to Cite Dr C. P. Jobling ( [email_address] ) (c) Swansea University. All Rights Reserved.
  • 4. Contents
    • Acknowledging your sources
    • Why cite?
    • Plagiarism – and how to avoid it
    • How to cite
    • Bibliography tools
    • References
    • Bibliography
  • 5. Acknowledging your sources
    • Provide evidence of wider reading.
    • Demonstrate critical skills
    • Provides evidence of understanding.
    • Puts your work in context
    • Frames your contribution.
    • Can be the difference between a 1 st and 3 rd class honours dissertation!
  • 6. Why cite? [1]
    • The challenge of original work
    • Acknowledging your sources
    • When to cite
  • 7. http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/08/original/
  • 8. http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/08/sources/
  • 9. http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/08/cite/
  • 10. Plagiarism [2]
    • What is plagiarism?
    • Why does it matter?
    • What forms can it take?
    • Not just printed text!
  • 11. http:// www.admin.ox.ac.uk/epsc/plagiarism/index.shtml
  • 12. More on plagiarism [3]
    • Plagiarism defined
    • Plagiarism on the Internet
    • Types of plagiarism
  • 13. http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/what_is_plagiarism.html
  • 14. http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/plagiarism_the_internet.html
  • 15. http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/types_of_plagiarism.html
  • 16. Examples of Plagiarism
    • From Princeton University [1]
    • From Drew University [4]
    • Plagiarism tutorial [5]
    • Citation and Plagiarism Module [6]
  • 17. http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/08/plagiarism/
  • 18. http:// depts.drew.edu/composition/Avoiding_Plagiarism.htm
  • 19. http:// library.acadiau.ca /tutorials/plagiarism/
  • 20. http:// bit.ly/pTBRb
  • 21. How to cite
    • Two main styles:
      • Numeric
      • Symbolic
    • Many variations
    • Every publisher has its own style!
  • 22. Numeric citing schemes
    • According to Shakespeare [7] winter’s discontent is now made glorious by “this son of York”.
    • “ Now is our winter of discontent made glorious summer by this son of York” [7].
  • 23. Symbolic citing schemes
    • According to Shakespeare [1597] winter’s discontent is now made glorious by “this son of York”.
    • “ Now is our winter of discontent made glorious summer by this son of York” [Shakespeare, 1597].
  • 24. Examples of Citing Styles
    • Vancouver (numerical style) [6]
    • Bibliographic Referencing [8]
  • 25.  
  • 26. http://www.swan.ac.uk/lis/HelpAndGuides/bibliographic_referencing/
  • 27. Quoting
    • Never quote without citing the sources.
    • Make sure that the quote has quotation marks
    • If you like what someone had to say on a subject, paraphrase it in your own words!
    • Copy-and-paste of large amounts of text, even with quotation marks and full attribution is considered plagiarism.
  • 28. More Specific Examples [3]
    • How to paraphrase properly
    • How to cite sources (including quoting)
  • 29. http:// www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/paraphrase.html
  • 30. http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/how_to_cite_sources.html
  • 31. Referencing
    • Technical Report
      • References at end of document
      • Poor support for “End notes” in some word processors
    • Different publications often have different styles
    • Consider use of a bibliographic database and citing tool to automate citing and formatting of references.
  • 32. Referencing Styles: Numeric
    • [7] William Shakespeare, Richard III (Act I, Scene I), Quarto 1, 1597.
    • Easy to use if references do not have to be sorted
    • Difficult to maintain if references need to be presented as a sorted list.
  • 33. Referencing Styles: Symbolic
    • Shakespeare, William 1597. Richard III (Act I, Scene I), Quarto 1.
    • Easy to maintain a sorted list of references.
    • More verbose when citing.
  • 34. URLs
    • With more of the world’s knowledge accessible via the Internet it is unrealistic to ban URLs from reference lists.
    • Do not rely solely on hyperlinks to present URLs
      • A paper report will not be read on a browser!
      • Cite them like any other resource
    • Cite them as you would a book or article.
    • Use as much detail as possible:
      • [7] William Shakespeare, Richard III . Online at URL: http://www.gutenberg.org/catalog/world/readfile?fk_files=53 (Project Gutenberg., 2002)
  • 35. References and Further Reading
    • In academic circles, the References section could contain a complete list of all sources cited in the body of the report.
    • Other sources that you have read and that have helped inform your work but which you have not cited should be included in a Bibliography or a Further Reading section.
    • References are essential to understanding your work. Bibliographies are sources that were useful to you and therefore may be useful to your readers.
  • 36. Referencing tools
    • Zotero [8], [9]
    • Endnote [10]
    • Microsoft Word 2007 [11], [12], [13]
  • 37. http:// www.zotero.org /
  • 38. http://bit.ly/8Ab1T
  • 39. http://www.swan.ac.uk/lis/HelpAndGuides/bibliographic_referencing/endnote/
  • 40. http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/word/HA100674921033.aspx
  • 41. http://blogs.msdn.com/microsoft_office_word/archive/2007/10/22/final-paper-time.aspx
  • 42. http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =6DYuUGP7vLg
  • 43. References 1
    • [1] Academic Integrity , University of Princeton. Online at: http://bit.ly/11OGeP .
    • [2] Plagiarism , Educational Policy and Standards, University of Oxford, Online at: http://bit.ly/13iuoM .
    • [3] Plagiarism Learning Centre, Plagiarism.org,. Online at: http:// www.plagiarism.org / .
    • [4] Plagiarism – and how to avoid it!, Drew University. Online at: http:// bit.ly/HeBtf .
    • [5] Plagiarism Tutorial , Vaughan Memorial Library. Online at: http://bit.ly/cUT2J .
    • [6] Citation and Plagiarism Module , UCR Wales, Library and Information Services, Swansea University. Online at: http:// bit.ly/pTBRb .
  • 44. References 2
    • [7] William Shakespeare, Richard III (Act I, Scene I), Quarto 1, 1597. Online at URL: http://bit.ly/762I (Project Gutenberg., 2002)
    • [8] LIS Swansea, Bibliographic Referencing , Library and Information Services, Swansea University. Online at: http://bit.ly/3aQ7C .
    • [9] Zotero “Citation Management is only the Beginning”, zotero.org. Online at: www.zotero.org .
    • [10] Jobling, C.P. Citing with Zotero . Screencast online at: http://bit.ly/8Ab1T .
    • [11] About Endnote , Library and Information services, Swansea University. Online at: http:// bit.ly/oYxQU .
  • 45. References 3
    • [12] Create a Bibliography , Office 2007 Online, URL: http://bit.ly/D2RxF .
    • [13] Final Paper Time, Microsoft Office word Team’s Blog, October 22, 2007. Online at: http://bit.ly/h9EGQ .
    • [14] Pike, Hillary, Microoft Word 2007: Bibliography, YouTube Video, 11 dec 2007. Online at: http://bit.ly/11r6mu .
  • 46. Bibliography
    • Bonet, J. and M.S. Towers, Layout and Structure of an Honours Project Thesis , School of Engineering, Swansea University. Available on the Blackboard module site.
    • Bonet, J. and M.S. Towers, Writing an Honours Thesis , School of Engineering, Swansea University. Available on the Blackboard module site.
    • Barrass, Robert 2002. Scientists Must Write: A Guide to Better Writing for Scientists and Engineers. Routlege Study Guides, Routledge Falmer. ISBN: 0415269962 . [In the Library T11>Bar]
    • Rosenberg, Barry 2005. Spring into Writing for Engineers and Scientists, Addison Wesley.ISBN: 0131498630.
    • Technical Writing, Library Call Number T11 .
    • University of Wales Swansea, Student Support Services Web Site, Study Skills Resources .
    • Links tagged briefinh6 in Dr Jobling’s bookmark collection: http://bit.ly/1zmdHG .
  • 47. Contents
    • Acknowledging your sources
    • Why cite?
    • Plagiarism – and how to avoid it
    • How to cite
    • Bibliography tools
    • References
    • Bibliography