How to Cite Dr C. P. Jobling ( [email_address] ) (c) Swansea University. All Rights Reserved.
PROJECT ASSESSMENT LEVEL 3 PROJECTS
How to Cite Dr C. P. Jobling ( [email_address] ) (c) Swansea University. All Rights Reserved.
Contents <ul><li>Acknowledging your sources  </li></ul><ul><li>Why cite? </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism – and how to avoid i...
Acknowledging your sources <ul><li>Provide evidence of wider reading. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate critical skills </li><...
Why cite? [1] <ul><li>The challenge of original work </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledging your sources </li></ul><ul><li>When t...
http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/08/original/
http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/08/sources/
http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/08/cite/
Plagiarism [2] <ul><li>What is plagiarism? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does it matter? </li></ul><ul><li>What forms can it take?...
http:// www.admin.ox.ac.uk/epsc/plagiarism/index.shtml
More on plagiarism [3] <ul><li>Plagiarism defined </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism on the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Types of ...
http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/what_is_plagiarism.html
http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/plagiarism_the_internet.html
http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/types_of_plagiarism.html
Examples of Plagiarism <ul><li>From Princeton University [1] </li></ul><ul><li>From Drew University [4] </li></ul><ul><li>...
http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/08/plagiarism/
http:// depts.drew.edu/composition/Avoiding_Plagiarism.htm
http:// library.acadiau.ca /tutorials/plagiarism/
http:// bit.ly/pTBRb
How to cite <ul><li>Two main styles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Numeric </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbolic </li></ul></ul><ul>...
Numeric citing schemes <ul><li>According to Shakespeare [7] winter’s discontent is now made glorious by “this son of York”...
Symbolic citing schemes <ul><li>According to Shakespeare [1597] winter’s discontent is now made glorious by “this son of Y...
Examples of Citing Styles <ul><li>Vancouver (numerical style) [6] </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliographic Referencing [8] </li></ul>
 
http://www.swan.ac.uk/lis/HelpAndGuides/bibliographic_referencing/
Quoting <ul><li>Never quote without citing the sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure that the quote has quotation marks </l...
More Specific Examples [3] <ul><li>How to paraphrase properly </li></ul><ul><li>How to cite sources (including quoting) </...
http:// www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/paraphrase.html
http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/how_to_cite_sources.html
Referencing <ul><li>Technical Report </li></ul><ul><ul><li>References at end of document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor s...
Referencing Styles: Numeric <ul><li>[7] William Shakespeare,  Richard III  (Act I, Scene I), Quarto 1, 1597. </li></ul><ul...
Referencing Styles: Symbolic <ul><li>Shakespeare, William 1597.  Richard III  (Act I, Scene I), Quarto 1. </li></ul><ul><l...
URLs <ul><li>With more of the world’s knowledge accessible via the Internet it is unrealistic to ban URLs from reference l...
References and Further Reading <ul><li>In academic circles, the  References  section could contain a  complete   list  of ...
Referencing tools <ul><li>Zotero [8], [9] </li></ul><ul><li>Endnote [10] </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Word 2007 [11], [12],...
http:// www.zotero.org /
http://bit.ly/8Ab1T
http://www.swan.ac.uk/lis/HelpAndGuides/bibliographic_referencing/endnote/
http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/word/HA100674921033.aspx
http://blogs.msdn.com/microsoft_office_word/archive/2007/10/22/final-paper-time.aspx
http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =6DYuUGP7vLg
References 1 <ul><li>[1]  Academic Integrity , University of Princeton. Online at:  http://bit.ly/11OGeP . </li></ul><ul><...
References 2 <ul><li>[7] William Shakespeare,  Richard III  (Act I, Scene I), Quarto 1, 1597. Online at URL:  http://bit.l...
References 3 <ul><li>[12]  Create a Bibliography , Office 2007 Online, URL:  http://bit.ly/D2RxF . </li></ul><ul><li>[13] ...
Bibliography <ul><li>Bonet, J. and M.S. Towers,  Layout and Structure of an Honours Project Thesis , School of Engineering...
Contents <ul><li>Acknowledging your sources  </li></ul><ul><li>Why cite? </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism – and how to avoid i...
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How To Cite Version 1.0.

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How to properly cite your research sources and create a references section including some suggestions for the citing styles to use and an introduction to some of the tools that can be used to simplify the creation of a references section. Importantly, covers how to make use of the work of others without plagiarising!

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  • How to Write a Lab Report This presentation contains “live web pages” and will give best results if viewed on while connected to the Internet. For off-line use, URLs for all the web pages referred to in the body are provided in the references slides.
  • How To Cite Version 1.0.

    1. 1. How to Cite Dr C. P. Jobling ( [email_address] ) (c) Swansea University. All Rights Reserved.
    2. 2. PROJECT ASSESSMENT LEVEL 3 PROJECTS
    3. 3. How to Cite Dr C. P. Jobling ( [email_address] ) (c) Swansea University. All Rights Reserved.
    4. 4. Contents <ul><li>Acknowledging your sources </li></ul><ul><li>Why cite? </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism – and how to avoid it </li></ul><ul><li>How to cite </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliography tools </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliography </li></ul>
    5. 5. Acknowledging your sources <ul><li>Provide evidence of wider reading. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrate critical skills </li></ul><ul><li>Provides evidence of understanding. </li></ul><ul><li>Puts your work in context </li></ul><ul><li>Frames your contribution. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be the difference between a 1 st and 3 rd class honours dissertation! </li></ul>
    6. 6. Why cite? [1] <ul><li>The challenge of original work </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledging your sources </li></ul><ul><li>When to cite </li></ul>
    7. 7. http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/08/original/
    8. 8. http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/08/sources/
    9. 9. http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/08/cite/
    10. 10. Plagiarism [2] <ul><li>What is plagiarism? </li></ul><ul><li>Why does it matter? </li></ul><ul><li>What forms can it take? </li></ul><ul><li>Not just printed text! </li></ul>
    11. 11. http:// www.admin.ox.ac.uk/epsc/plagiarism/index.shtml
    12. 12. More on plagiarism [3] <ul><li>Plagiarism defined </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism on the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>Types of plagiarism </li></ul>
    13. 13. http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/what_is_plagiarism.html
    14. 14. http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/plagiarism_the_internet.html
    15. 15. http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/types_of_plagiarism.html
    16. 16. Examples of Plagiarism <ul><li>From Princeton University [1] </li></ul><ul><li>From Drew University [4] </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism tutorial [5] </li></ul><ul><li>Citation and Plagiarism Module [6] </li></ul>
    17. 17. http://www.princeton.edu/pr/pub/integrity/08/plagiarism/
    18. 18. http:// depts.drew.edu/composition/Avoiding_Plagiarism.htm
    19. 19. http:// library.acadiau.ca /tutorials/plagiarism/
    20. 20. http:// bit.ly/pTBRb
    21. 21. How to cite <ul><li>Two main styles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Numeric </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbolic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many variations </li></ul><ul><li>Every publisher has its own style! </li></ul>
    22. 22. Numeric citing schemes <ul><li>According to Shakespeare [7] winter’s discontent is now made glorious by “this son of York”. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Now is our winter of discontent made glorious summer by this son of York” [7]. </li></ul>
    23. 23. Symbolic citing schemes <ul><li>According to Shakespeare [1597] winter’s discontent is now made glorious by “this son of York”. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Now is our winter of discontent made glorious summer by this son of York” [Shakespeare, 1597]. </li></ul>
    24. 24. Examples of Citing Styles <ul><li>Vancouver (numerical style) [6] </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliographic Referencing [8] </li></ul>
    25. 26. http://www.swan.ac.uk/lis/HelpAndGuides/bibliographic_referencing/
    26. 27. Quoting <ul><li>Never quote without citing the sources. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure that the quote has quotation marks </li></ul><ul><li>If you like what someone had to say on a subject, paraphrase it in your own words! </li></ul><ul><li>Copy-and-paste of large amounts of text, even with quotation marks and full attribution is considered plagiarism. </li></ul>
    27. 28. More Specific Examples [3] <ul><li>How to paraphrase properly </li></ul><ul><li>How to cite sources (including quoting) </li></ul>
    28. 29. http:// www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/paraphrase.html
    29. 30. http://www.plagiarism.org/learning_center/how_to_cite_sources.html
    30. 31. Referencing <ul><li>Technical Report </li></ul><ul><ul><li>References at end of document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor support for “End notes” in some word processors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Different publications often have different styles </li></ul><ul><li>Consider use of a bibliographic database and citing tool to automate citing and formatting of references. </li></ul>
    31. 32. Referencing Styles: Numeric <ul><li>[7] William Shakespeare, Richard III (Act I, Scene I), Quarto 1, 1597. </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to use if references do not have to be sorted </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to maintain if references need to be presented as a sorted list. </li></ul>
    32. 33. Referencing Styles: Symbolic <ul><li>Shakespeare, William 1597. Richard III (Act I, Scene I), Quarto 1. </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to maintain a sorted list of references. </li></ul><ul><li>More verbose when citing. </li></ul>
    33. 34. URLs <ul><li>With more of the world’s knowledge accessible via the Internet it is unrealistic to ban URLs from reference lists. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not rely solely on hyperlinks to present URLs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A paper report will not be read on a browser! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cite them like any other resource </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cite them as you would a book or article. </li></ul><ul><li>Use as much detail as possible: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[7] William Shakespeare, Richard III . Online at URL: http://www.gutenberg.org/catalog/world/readfile?fk_files=53 (Project Gutenberg., 2002) </li></ul></ul>
    34. 35. References and Further Reading <ul><li>In academic circles, the References section could contain a complete list of all sources cited in the body of the report. </li></ul><ul><li>Other sources that you have read and that have helped inform your work but which you have not cited should be included in a Bibliography or a Further Reading section. </li></ul><ul><li>References are essential to understanding your work. Bibliographies are sources that were useful to you and therefore may be useful to your readers. </li></ul>
    35. 36. Referencing tools <ul><li>Zotero [8], [9] </li></ul><ul><li>Endnote [10] </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Word 2007 [11], [12], [13] </li></ul>
    36. 37. http:// www.zotero.org /
    37. 38. http://bit.ly/8Ab1T
    38. 39. http://www.swan.ac.uk/lis/HelpAndGuides/bibliographic_referencing/endnote/
    39. 40. http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/word/HA100674921033.aspx
    40. 41. http://blogs.msdn.com/microsoft_office_word/archive/2007/10/22/final-paper-time.aspx
    41. 42. http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =6DYuUGP7vLg
    42. 43. References 1 <ul><li>[1] Academic Integrity , University of Princeton. Online at: http://bit.ly/11OGeP . </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Plagiarism , Educational Policy and Standards, University of Oxford, Online at: http://bit.ly/13iuoM . </li></ul><ul><li>[3] Plagiarism Learning Centre, Plagiarism.org,. Online at: http:// www.plagiarism.org / . </li></ul><ul><li>[4] Plagiarism – and how to avoid it!, Drew University. Online at: http:// bit.ly/HeBtf . </li></ul><ul><li>[5] Plagiarism Tutorial , Vaughan Memorial Library. Online at: http://bit.ly/cUT2J . </li></ul><ul><li>[6] Citation and Plagiarism Module , UCR Wales, Library and Information Services, Swansea University. Online at: http:// bit.ly/pTBRb . </li></ul>
    43. 44. References 2 <ul><li>[7] William Shakespeare, Richard III (Act I, Scene I), Quarto 1, 1597. Online at URL: http://bit.ly/762I (Project Gutenberg., 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>[8] LIS Swansea, Bibliographic Referencing , Library and Information Services, Swansea University. Online at: http://bit.ly/3aQ7C . </li></ul><ul><li>[9] Zotero “Citation Management is only the Beginning”, zotero.org. Online at: www.zotero.org . </li></ul><ul><li>[10] Jobling, C.P. Citing with Zotero . Screencast online at: http://bit.ly/8Ab1T . </li></ul><ul><li>[11] About Endnote , Library and Information services, Swansea University. Online at: http:// bit.ly/oYxQU . </li></ul>
    44. 45. References 3 <ul><li>[12] Create a Bibliography , Office 2007 Online, URL: http://bit.ly/D2RxF . </li></ul><ul><li>[13] Final Paper Time, Microsoft Office word Team’s Blog, October 22, 2007. Online at: http://bit.ly/h9EGQ . </li></ul><ul><li>[14] Pike, Hillary, Microoft Word 2007: Bibliography, YouTube Video, 11 dec 2007. Online at: http://bit.ly/11r6mu . </li></ul>
    45. 46. Bibliography <ul><li>Bonet, J. and M.S. Towers, Layout and Structure of an Honours Project Thesis , School of Engineering, Swansea University. Available on the Blackboard module site. </li></ul><ul><li>Bonet, J. and M.S. Towers, Writing an Honours Thesis , School of Engineering, Swansea University. Available on the Blackboard module site. </li></ul><ul><li>Barrass, Robert 2002. Scientists Must Write: A Guide to Better Writing for Scientists and Engineers. Routlege Study Guides, Routledge Falmer. ISBN: 0415269962 . [In the Library T11>Bar] </li></ul><ul><li>Rosenberg, Barry 2005. Spring into Writing for Engineers and Scientists, Addison Wesley.ISBN: 0131498630. </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Writing, Library Call Number T11 . </li></ul><ul><li>University of Wales Swansea, Student Support Services Web Site, Study Skills Resources . </li></ul><ul><li>Links tagged briefinh6 in Dr Jobling’s bookmark collection: http://bit.ly/1zmdHG . </li></ul>
    46. 47. Contents <ul><li>Acknowledging your sources </li></ul><ul><li>Why cite? </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism – and how to avoid it </li></ul><ul><li>How to cite </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliography tools </li></ul><ul><li>References </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliography </li></ul>
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