Overview of oil sands developments! The Scope and the Challenge
North East Alberta
 
 
Bitumen Deposits =140,200 sq km
Size … <ul><li>largest known hydrocarbon deposit </li></ul><ul><li>1.7 to 2.5 trillion barrels in deposit  </li></ul><ul><...
 
Geographical Comparison <ul><li>larger than the state of Florida </li></ul><ul><li>2 X size of New Brunswick </li></ul><ul...
 
Current production <ul><li>Currently, 1.1 million barrels bitumen/day </li></ul><ul><li>about 1/3 Alberta’s total oil prod...
Future Potential
Currently industry recovers 1.1 million barrels of bitumen / day <ul><li>= about 1/3 Alberta’s total oil production </li><...
Open pit mining method
Open pit mining : <ul><li>19% of reserve close to the surface </li></ul><ul><li>‘ truck and shovel mining’ method  </li></...
 
 
 
Extraction, processing and end-products <ul><li>hot water extraction technique is used to separate bitumen from oil sands ...
 
 
70% used for transport fuels—gasoline, diesel, jet fuel
Pipelines through Jasper
Massive tailings ponds
2 nd  largest dam in the world
 
Sometimes directly beside the Athabasca River
Forest reclamation
Alternative extraction methods <ul><li>81% of oil sands reserves too deep to be open pit mined (deeper than 75 metres) </l...
 
 
 
Economic impacts <ul><li>Alberta GDP was $183 billion (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>GDP growth rate of 6.6% </li></ul><ul><li>A...
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Excavating the Alberta Oil Sands with Public Justice

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John Hiemstra\'s presentation on Alberta Oil Sands. See the video from his presentation at http://cpj.blip.tv/#1036772.

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Excavating the Alberta Oil Sands with Public Justice

  1. 1. Overview of oil sands developments! The Scope and the Challenge
  2. 2. North East Alberta
  3. 5. Bitumen Deposits =140,200 sq km
  4. 6. Size … <ul><li>largest known hydrocarbon deposit </li></ul><ul><li>1.7 to 2.5 trillion barrels in deposit </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd largest petroleum reserves in the world (Saudi Arabia has largest) </li></ul><ul><li>175 billion barrels of bitumen deemed recoverable (15% of the world reserves) </li></ul><ul><li>With newer technologies, up to 2.5 trillion barrels might be recovered </li></ul>
  5. 8. Geographical Comparison <ul><li>larger than the state of Florida </li></ul><ul><li>2 X size of New Brunswick </li></ul><ul><li>4.5 X size of Vancouver Island </li></ul><ul><li>greater than the entire country of Honduras (112,088 sq. km) </li></ul>
  6. 10. Current production <ul><li>Currently, 1.1 million barrels bitumen/day </li></ul><ul><li>about 1/3 Alberta’s total oil production </li></ul><ul><li>expected to rise to 2.7 million barrels / day by 2015 </li></ul><ul><li>oil sands could supply Canada’s energy needs for 475 years </li></ul><ul><li>or total world needs for up to 15 years </li></ul>
  7. 11. Future Potential
  8. 12. Currently industry recovers 1.1 million barrels of bitumen / day <ul><li>= about 1/3 Alberta’s total oil production </li></ul><ul><li>expected to rise to 2.7 million barrels / day by 2015 </li></ul><ul><li>oil sands could supply Canada’s energy needs for more than 475 years </li></ul><ul><li>or total world needs for up to 15 years </li></ul>
  9. 13. Open pit mining method
  10. 14. Open pit mining : <ul><li>19% of reserve close to the surface </li></ul><ul><li>‘ truck and shovel mining’ method </li></ul><ul><li>move enough ‘overburden’ [sic] and oil sands every 2 days to fill Toronto’s Skydome </li></ul><ul><li>2 tonnes must be dug up, moved and processed to produce 1 barrel of oil </li></ul>
  11. 18. Extraction, processing and end-products <ul><li>hot water extraction technique is used to separate bitumen from oil sands </li></ul><ul><li>75% of the bitumen can be recovered from sand </li></ul>
  12. 21. 70% used for transport fuels—gasoline, diesel, jet fuel
  13. 22. Pipelines through Jasper
  14. 23. Massive tailings ponds
  15. 24. 2 nd largest dam in the world
  16. 26. Sometimes directly beside the Athabasca River
  17. 27. Forest reclamation
  18. 28. Alternative extraction methods <ul><li>81% of oil sands reserves too deep to be open pit mined (deeper than 75 metres) </li></ul><ul><li>other processes are being developed </li></ul><ul><li>leading process, at the moment, are in situ steam operations </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Steam-Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD). </li></ul>
  19. 32. Economic impacts <ul><li>Alberta GDP was $183 billion (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>GDP growth rate of 6.6% </li></ul><ul><li>Alberta unemployment rate 3.4 % (March 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>CPI Inflation Rate 3.5 % (Jan 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Alberta’s GDP per capita was $58,394 </li></ul><ul><li>45% above Canadian average of $40,351 </li></ul><ul><li>40% above second place Ontario </li></ul><ul><li>$100B investment expected between 2000-2020 </li></ul>
  20. 33. Where are we going?

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