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Charlie Hill, NAHA presentation to DfA Summit
Charlie Hill, NAHA presentation to DfA Summit
Charlie Hill, NAHA presentation to DfA Summit
Charlie Hill, NAHA presentation to DfA Summit
Charlie Hill, NAHA presentation to DfA Summit
Charlie Hill, NAHA presentation to DfA Summit
Charlie Hill, NAHA presentation to DfA Summit
Charlie Hill, NAHA presentation to DfA Summit
Charlie Hill, NAHA presentation to DfA Summit
Charlie Hill, NAHA presentation to DfA Summit
Charlie Hill, NAHA presentation to DfA Summit
Charlie Hill, NAHA presentation to DfA Summit
Charlie Hill, NAHA presentation to DfA Summit
Charlie Hill, NAHA presentation to DfA Summit
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Charlie Hill, NAHA presentation to DfA Summit

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  • 1. Presentation Dignity for All: March 2011 Summit March 3, 2011 Charles W. (Charlie) Hill, Executive Director
  • 2. <ul><li>National Aboriginal Housing Association </li></ul><ul><li>Association Nationale d’Habitation Autochtone </li></ul><ul><li>Suite 102, 396 MacLaren Street </li></ul><ul><li>Ottawa ON Canada K2P 0M8 </li></ul><ul><li>Tel. 613-236-0288 Fax. 613-232-1977 </li></ul><ul><li>www.aboriginalhousing.org </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  • 3. OVERVIEW OF PRESENTATION <ul><li>Background: Indigenous Peoples in Canada </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Reserve Housing Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Who is NAHA? </li></ul><ul><li>Key Principles </li></ul><ul><li>Current: Federal Support Current Research </li></ul><ul><li>Recommendations: </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  • 4. INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN CANADA <ul><li>Three Indigenous Peoples in CA Constitution-1982 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Indians”, Métis and Inuit </li></ul><ul><li>“ Indians” Now called First Nations </li></ul><ul><li>Collectively referred to as “Aboriginal” </li></ul><ul><li>First Nations: 55 languages &amp; major dialects; c. 630 “bands”; population about 750,000; 55% off Res </li></ul><ul><li>Métis: Michif; population about 500,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Inuit: Inuktitut; population about 45,000 </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  • 5. NON-RESERVE HOUSING PROGRAMS <ul><li>110 Urban Native Housing Corporations set up in 60s, 70s &amp; 80s; </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase homes; manage and rent to Indigenous peoples at 25% RGI </li></ul><ul><li>CMHC provided subsidies to help mortgage repayment </li></ul><ul><li>Operating agreements vary: 25-30 years </li></ul><ul><li>10,000 units acquired before cap on new projects (1994) </li></ul><ul><li>9,000 more under Rural &amp; Native Housing ownership program, in small centres &gt;2,500 </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  • 6. WHO IS NAHA/ANHA? <ul><li>NAHA Incorporated 1994 to advocate against cap on subsidies </li></ul><ul><li>1996 – Canada downloaded UNH program to provinces; NAHA advocated against download </li></ul><ul><li>We now also: </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct Research </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate for: Increased Resources </li></ul><ul><li> National Housing Policy </li></ul><ul><li> Right to Housing </li></ul><ul><li> Better Housing - Better Health </li></ul><ul><li>Promote Unity and Partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Make Submissions to UN, Senate, etc., on Aboriginal Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate Communication and Information Transfer </li></ul><ul><li>Convene National Conferences (For 2011: Regina SK) </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  • 7. KEY PRINCIPLES <ul><li>In advocating for improved housing and sufficient resources </li></ul><ul><li>to help reduce or eliminate backlog of required Aboriginal </li></ul><ul><li>housing units, NAHA pursues action based on the following </li></ul><ul><li>Key Principles: </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal Control over Aboriginal Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Service to all Indigenous persons, regardless of “status” </li></ul><ul><li>Culturally-sensitive Service Delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Accountability at all levels of Operation </li></ul><ul><li>United Effort to Address Aboriginal Housing Issues </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  • 8. Recent Federal Support <ul><li>2006: $300 M. Off-Reserve Aboriginal Housing Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Based on Per Capita Allocation to Provinces </li></ul><ul><li>( One-time Injection of Funds) </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Funds, but Very Helpful </li></ul><ul><li>Variety of Approaches: Ownership, Rehabilitation </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal Involvement; Some Consultation </li></ul><ul><li>Problems? Program Admin. in Provincial Hands </li></ul><ul><li>Insufficient; Short term; Off-Reserve left out after </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  • 9. Current Research <ul><li>A Time for Action: A National Plan to Address </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Using 2006 Census Figures: </li></ul><ul><li>Compared non-reserve Aboriginal &amp; non-Aboriginal Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Need </li></ul><ul><li>Found for non-reserve Aboriginal renters: </li></ul><ul><li>Lower quality dwellings; </li></ul><ul><li>More affordability problems </li></ul><ul><li>More have greater rent burden </li></ul><ul><li>Lower household income </li></ul><ul><li>More families in renter population </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  • 10. OUR NUMBERS <ul><li>Of the Aboriginal population: </li></ul><ul><li>75% live in non-reserve areas (over 50% live in larger urban centres). </li></ul><ul><li>Of these: </li></ul><ul><li>20.4% are in core housing need (12.4% in Mainstream) </li></ul><ul><li>27.5% of those in core need are substandard (versus 15%) </li></ul><ul><li>23% live in crowded dwellings (14%), and </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal income 20% below national level, </li></ul><ul><li>Aboriginal home ownership 20% less than national rate. </li></ul><ul><li>Note: 54% of “Status Indians” live off-reserve </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  • 11. OUR NUMBERS <ul><li>Aboriginal Homelessness: </li></ul><ul><li>Few good figures, but much higher among Aboriginal peoples </li></ul><ul><li>Range from: </li></ul><ul><li>15% (Calgary, out of 4,060 persons), </li></ul><ul><li>25-26% (Victoria, Toronto), </li></ul><ul><li>32% (Vancouver) to </li></ul><ul><li>40-45% (Edmonton, Lethbridge) </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  • 12. Recommendations <ul><li>That Canada: </li></ul><ul><li>a) accept the fiduciary responsibility for Aboriginal People, whether they live on or off reserve and regardless of ancestry (First Nations, Métis or Inuit). </li></ul><ul><li>b) extend and make permanent the off-reserve Aboriginal Housing Trust. </li></ul><ul><li>Initially, fund the Trust at $100 M with a graduating scale to reach $386M by the end of year five. </li></ul><ul><li>Appoint a board of Aboriginal Trustees with expertise and experience in assisted and affordable housing to direct the allocation of funds across regions. </li></ul><ul><li>c) pass legislation to establish a national housing policy, with a dedicated Aboriginal component </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  • 13. RECOMMENDATIONS <ul><li>Help Aboriginal peoples with the following, each year for ten years, to achieve parity: </li></ul><ul><li>Create 1,000 new households; </li></ul><ul><li>Create 3,000 dwellings to reduce Aboriginal core housing need to the 12.5% Canadian average; </li></ul><ul><li>Renovate &amp; upgrade 1,000 dwellings; </li></ul><ul><li>Create 1,000 Supportive Housing units to reduce Aboriginal homelessness; </li></ul><ul><li>Assist Aboriginal home-owners to buy 4,000 units </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario
  • 14. Our Philosophy <ul><li>“ Housing issues are not isolated from poverty, education, health and employment issues, so a comprehensive housing strategy is not just about housing; it must be about how housing can contribute to other (non-shelter) outcomes, for example, by providing stability to a household: enabling adults to improve education and potential labour market skills, while children also receive a good education to facilitate their future opportunities, enjoy good health (implying good quality housing) and safe environments where parents and children are not victimized by crime and insecurity.” </li></ul><ul><li>( A Time for Action: A National Plan to Address Aboriginal Housing ; NAHA, 2009) </li></ul>March 2011 Summit Ottawa, Ontario

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