Pikas Developments In Sci Tech Search Web Search U 08
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Pikas Developments In Sci Tech Search Web Search U 08



My presentation from Web Search University. Delivered 9/22/2008 in Washington, DC

My presentation from Web Search University. Delivered 9/22/2008 in Washington, DC



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Pikas Developments In Sci Tech Search Web Search U 08 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Developments in Sci-Tech Search Christina K. Pikas [email_address] R.E. Gibson Library & Information Center The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory
  • 2.
    • Themes in Science & Technology
    • -- And their impact on search
    • Repositories, digitization
    • Computer processing of newly available data
    • Social Computing Technologies
  • 3. Repositories - Digitization
    • More full text, more data, in a useful and useable format
    • Word and page-level access to old gray literature
      • Enables discovery
      • Not necessarily access
  • 4. Aluka
    • African Plants Collection
    • Type specimens from European, American, and African herbaria
    • Useable browser
    • Licensed a la JSTOR
  • 5.  
  • 6. Biodiversity Heritage Library
    • Digitization of taxonomic literature
    • Open access
    • Good metadata, neat interface, entity extraction for taxonomic terms
  • 7.  
  • 8. Google Books & Engineering Data
    • Others discuss using Amazon or Google Books to locate information within books – on the shelf….…but have you considered using these for gray lit for engineering questions?
  • 9. Examples: how much can I improve fuel efficiency by making my car more aerodynamic? What is the average drag coefficient of a modern passenger car?
  • 10. Maybe the customer should just consider changing the mirrors?
  • 11. Computer Processing
    • Wealth of available full text has enabled new work in search and presentation
    • Semantic Markup
      • Royal Society of Chemistry Project Prospect
    • Chemical Search
      • eMolecules, PubChem, ChemSpider, SureChem
    • Deep Indexing – access to tables and images
      • Illustrata, BioText
    • Usable tables/graphs
  • 12. Project Prospect
    • Identification of compounds, gene ontology and subject terms within articles
    • Structure search in articles
  • 13. Chemical Search
    • Ubiquitous structure search
    • Using identifiers other than CAS-RN
      • IUPAC International Chemical Identifier, InChI
      • Simplified molecular input line entry specification, SMILES
    Empirical Formula: C 8 H 11 NO 2 (in Hill order) Systematic Name : 4-(2-aminoethyl)benzene-1,2-diol SMILES:Oc1ccc(cc1O)CCN InChI: InChI =1/C8H11NO2/c9-4-3-6-1-2-7(10)8(11)5-6/h1-2,5,10-11H,3-4,9H2 InChIKey: VYFYYTLLBUKUHU - UHFFFAOYAA (I’d probably just call it dopamine – from ChemSpider.com)
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17.  
  • 18. Deep Indexing
    • Not a new concept (maybe 1950s or 1960s)
    • Newly interesting due to advances in algorithms and availability of electronic full text
    • Examples
      • Automatic citation linking
      • Table and image search
      • Code searching in Safari
  • 19.  
  • 20. Useful/Useable Tables and Graphs
    • Knovel, CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, and other ebook vendors actually let you get usable data from handbooks
  • 21.  
  • 22.  
  • 23. Social Computing Technologies
    • Scientists are using blogs, wikis, RSS, video sharing… for science
    • They are
      • For personal use
      • For lab work or collaboration
      • For storage and retrieval of results
      • For working with non-scientists
  • 24. ResearchBlogging.org
    • For people who blog about peer-reviewed research in a thoughtful way
    • Site is being revamped
  • 25. Basic Concepts Posts
    • Many scientist bloggers post “basic concepts” posts in which they provide a primer in an area of their expertise.
    • See a list at: http://tinyurl.com/2pn9cc
  • 26. Videos
    • Journal of Visualized Experiments, JoVE
    • SciVee
  • 27. In the End
    • Lots more content
      • Older but newly available
      • Some locked up
      • Some new and user generated
    • Neat visualizations, information retrieval experiments, and ways to interact
    • Be creative in finding, too!
  • 28. Presented by: Christina K. Pikas R.E. Gibson Library & Information Center The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory [email_address] http://christinaslibraryrant.blogspot.com
  • 29. Photo Credits Blondyimp, Flickr WINGFIN ANCHOVY, Pterengraulis atherinoides, Encyclopedia of Life Sideritis hirsuta, Meerburgh, N. (1775). Afbeeldingen van zeldzaame gewassen. Te Leyden: Johannes le Mair. From Biodiversity Heritage Library, http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/533 Richard, A., Lefevre, C.T., Petit,A., & Quartin Dillon, L.R. (c1847-1851). Tentamen floræ Abyssinicæ: seu, Enumeratio plantarum hucusque in plerisque Abyssiniæ provinciis detectarum et præcipue a beatis doctoribus Richard Quartin Dillon et Antonio Petit (annis 1838-1843) lectarum. Paris: Arthus Bertrand. From Biodiversity Heritage Library, http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/334 (plate 81) Barleria mackenii Hook.f. [family ACANTHACEAE] .Fitch, W.H.(1870) Curtis's Botanical Magazine. From Aluka, http://www.aluka.org/action/showMetadata?doi=10.5555/AL.AP.VISUAL.KCUR00000011&pgs=
  • 30. Granger, R.A. (1995) Fluid Mechanics. New York: Courier Dover Publications. P.773 Hashimoto,T., Omote, M. and Maruoka, K. (2008) 6,6-Substituent effect of BINOL in bis-titanium chiral Lewis acid catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of nitrones. Org. Biomol. Chem., 6, 2263 – 2265. DOI: 10.1039/b804987d Deep sea octopus.(NOAA). Downloaded from http://www.neptunecanada.ca/gallery/index.html (8/11/2008) Lab Cat. (2007) Basic Concepts: What are solutions? http://cdavies.wordpress.com/2007/09/18/basic-concepts-what-are-solutions/ Multiwavelength M8. NASA Spitzer Space Telescope Collection. NASA/JPL-Caltech/S. Willner (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics). http://tinyurl.com/5vx46o