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Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012
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Smart Grid. Ormazabal - Open Smart City 2012

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  • 1. Open Smartcity 2012 Higher quality of supply validates Smart Grid investmentsJavier Gómez DomínguezDirector Smart GridCopenhagen, March 20th, 2012
  • 2. 1Ormazabal Smart Grid Vision
  • 3. Ormazabal Global presence Founded in 1967, Ormazabal holds business activities in 35+ countriesDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 3
  • 4. Ormazabal Activities Ormazabal is a global solution provider to the Energy, Telecommunications, Aeronautics and Security industries.Date: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 4
  • 5. Smart Grid Focus Increasing complexity of power grids, growing demand, and requirement for greater grid reliability, security and efficiency highlight the need for a quantum leap in harnessing advanced solutions. Reliability Efficiency Integration Reliable energy delivery has significant impact Smart Grid infrastructure is expected to With the increased penetration of renewable on the amount of revenue collected by DSOs improve grid efficiency by reducing line losses generation, the grid is experiencing a shift from and can influence regulatory decisions about in the distribution network. predictable dispatchable generation to variable rate increases or funding for specific projects. non-dispatchable generation. Through networking distribution automation Municipal and cooperative utilities are focused devices, reactive power flows are minimized This adds a new level of uncertainty and on keeping electricity supplies inexpensive and using adaptive voltage control to monitor and volatility to the grid that causes an array of continuous, so solutions that increase reliability adjust voltages at critical points throughout the problems as the relative proportion of variable are important to them. distribution system. generation vs. traditional dispatchable generation increases. Replacement of aging equipment with devices that can be remotely monitored or controlled Grid integration of renewable energy sources has enormous implications to reducing the meaning control and energy storage solutions frequency and duration of outages. are key to minimizing these effects.Date: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 5
  • 6. Smart Grid Products Distribution Distribution Automation AMI & Comms Primary Distribution Secondary Distribution Transformer Substation Protection & Control Automation Smart Meter Gas insulated Gas insulated SCADA Data Concentrator 1.250A Air insulated RTU 2.500A 630A Divisions 1 Primary Substation • Modular cubicles of up to 24 kV / 2500 A and up to 36 kV / 1250 A, GIS type, with SF6 insulation, for the configuration Distributon of different primary distribution electrical diagrams. 2 Secondary Substation • Modular cubicles , single or multifunctional, for different secondary power distribution configurations up to 24 kVolts Distribution with SF6 gas insulation. 3 Distribution Automation • Remote control and Automation of transformer substations and associated communications. 4 Protection & Control • Multifunctional protection unit integrated in circuit breaker cubicles to protect and control overcurrent, voltage, frequency, power and breaker supervision. 5 AMI • PRIME Data concentrator and associated communications to implement AMI in the distribution gridDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 6
  • 7. Services Design Engineering Maintenance Network Assessment System Design Process Design Full deployment Element Mgmt. SLA Mgmt. Simulation Architecture Test & acceptance Pilot trials Monitoring & Support procedures Control Supply chain Service Operation Divisions 1 Network Assessment • Simulation using reference networks to assess the opportunities brought by changes in regulation, improvements in reliability, efficiency optimisation, impact of AMI or DA deployments, etc. 2 System Design • Definition of the architecture, system specs, design, element integration, profiling project timing & project planning. 3 Process Design • Determine the process map: Phases, milestones, deliverables. Applies to Engineering, supply chain, deployment and maintenance processes. 4 Field implementation • Deployment of solutions, field engineering, supply chain management, testing procedures and acceptance, as-buit documentation, etc. 5 System Management • Monitoring and control of network assets, event processing, ticketing, SLA management, etc. 6 Maintenance & SLAs • Preventive, reactive and evolutive maintenance. System support, SLA management, etc.Date: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 7
  • 8. Smart Grid Competitive advantage 1 Network Consulting • Simulation service to assess the impact of smart grids applications in networks • Gain insight into customer and make better adapted products • Supported by OCT activities Simulation MDMS Unique Appl competitive Integration: Project advantage 3 2 Integration Labs Management, Network services Comms • Manage SmartGrid deployment • Develop and integrate customer P&A UDEX projects, supplying network architectures in a safe and controlled components , applications and AMI environment, positioning Ormazabal services at the high-end of world-class R&D • Integration of recurrent services capabilities – i.e. Network Diagnosis- State • Medium Voltage Demonstration & diagnosis of the grid and early Experimentation Unit - Highly detection of faults configurable medium voltage network independent from the gridDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 8
  • 9. 2 Ormazabal Smart Grid ProjectsDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 9
  • 10. Projects Scope System Integration • With 30M€ investment, Smartcity defines the new energy management model in big cities, allowing 20% saving of the energy consumption, and avoiding emissions of 6,000 CO2 tonnes per year. • 11.000 domestic clients, 900 SMEs and 300 industrial customers • SmartCity has become a World reference in the development of state-of-the-art energy technologies, sharing leadership with other similar initiatives already operating in Stockholm, Dubai, Malta, Ohio and Colorado. • SmartCity has received the awards Utility of the Year 2011 and Enterprise Systems & System Integration Technologies • Smartcity integrates 8 key Smart Grid technologies 1 AMI 5 Distributed Mini Generation 2 MV Automation 6 Distributed Micro Generation 3 LV Automation 7 Communications 4 Electric Vehicle 8 Demand ResponseDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 10
  • 11. Projects Scope System Integration • Iberdrola STAR Project has turned Castellón into the first city in Spain to enjoy the benefits of an Intelligent Electrical Grid. 180.000 customers are experiencing the improvements in quality of supply and reduced incidences. • With 100.000 PRIME Smart Meters deployed, STAR represents the largest AMI project in Spain. PRIME technology allows remote meter reading, remote connection and disconnection and a number of other smart services. • 600 Transformer substations, 25% automated distribution Technologies • STAR integrates 6 key Smart Grid technologies 1 AMI 5 Communications 2 MV Automation 6 Demand Response 3 LV Supervision 4 Early Fault DetectionDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 11
  • 12. Projects Scope System Integration • With 20 M€ investment, SCALA Project is integrating a number of Smart Grid technologies in the cities of Alcalá de Henares and Energy ValueCENTER of Smart Meter is the Chain SMART ENERGY VALUE chain. Aranjuez. • Gas Natural Fenosa aims sustainability objectives, as well as providing the consumers the means to play an active role in the value chain. • Efficient integration of renewable energy sources RES, distributed generation, and electric vehicle integration are also in the project main focus. Smart Meter Technologies • SCALA integrates 8 key Smart Grid technologies 1 AMI 5 Communications 2 MV Automation 6 Demand Response 3 LV Supervision 7 Electric Vehicle 4 Early Fault Detection 8 Distributed RenewablesDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 12
  • 13. Projects Scope System Integration • With 30 M€ investment, the Project deploys full broadband IP communications in 1.000 windfarm substations worldwide. • Communications provide technical and operational benefits that impact the efficiency of power generation in windfarms. • The infrastructure serves the SCADA Systems to provide accurate operational data that benefits windfarm operation and maintenance processes. Technologies • Gamesa integrates 5 key Smart Grid technologies 1 Communications 5 Renewable Energy 2 SCADA 3 MV Supervision 4 Predictive MaintenanceDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 13
  • 14. Projects Scope System Integration • CFE is owned by the Mexican government. Generates, distributes and markets electric power to a population of 100 million • CFE operates a national 22,000 kilometer fiber optic network supplying leased bandwidth to enterprises, telecommunications carriers and government entities. • Ormazabal provides turn key solution to deploy, integrate and operate this telecom network in 52 cities nationwide, including network monitoring, network security and network maintenance. Technologies • CFE integrates 5 Smart Grid technologies 1 Communications 2 Cyber security 3 Transmission network 4 Predictive MaintenanceDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 14
  • 15. R&D Scope Consortium R&D Project • Status: Kickoff • Target: Test the potential of smart grids in areas such as renewable energy integration, electric vehicle development, grid automation, energy storage, energy efficiency and load reduction Budget: 54.000.000 €Date: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 15
  • 16. R&D REDES 2025 Scope Consortium R&D Project • Status: Running • Target: Optimize the electrical distribution grid by roducing intensive distributed generation and consumption, and development of an innovative sef healing and autotuned protection and fault detection system. • Budget: 35.528.339 €Date: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 16
  • 17. R&D RP00003 CENIT CRISALIDA Scope Consortium R&D Project • Status: Finished 2010 • Target: Converged and Secure Intelligent Networks in Electrical Applications with Innovative Environmental Design • Total budget: 21.914.398 €Date: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 17
  • 18. R&D RP00001 CENIT EOLIA Scope Consortium R&D Project • Status: Finished 2010 • Target: Tecnologies applied in deep water off-shore windfarms. • Total budget: 38.875.745 €Date: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 18
  • 19. 3 Smart Automation in MV/LV transformer substationsDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 19
  • 20. Smart Automation Introduction The automation of MV/LV transformer substations is an essential step in the transition of the distribution system towards the Smart Grid. • Smart transformers provide significant benefits: • enhance operation and maintenance • increase reliability of supply • When conveniently assessed, these impacts: • reduce the cost of interruptions for electricity consumers • increase regulatory incentives to be perceived by DSOsDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 20
  • 21. Smart Automation Smart MV/LV transformer substation The MV/LV transformer is the main entrance to the distribution gate (I) In addition to pure voltage transformation, smart transformers: • Monitor multiple variables of the system, carry out load-flow analysis and detect any anomaly: • Fault detection and localization • Phase unbalance • System security • Network diagnosis or event predictive maintenance • Process data providing autonomous decision making providing self-healing capabilities: • Manage alarms • Act in emergency cases: weather events, terrorist attacks, cyber threats. • Control via remote operation and maintenance, coordinating and performing: • fault isolation • service restoration • Store energy, with smart charging profiles that contribute to flattening demand curvesDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 21
  • 22. Smart Automation Smart MV/LV transformer substation The MV/LV transformer is the main entrance to the distribution gate (II) • Smart transformer substations enhance operation and maintenance of the system. • Foster evolution towards a more proactive maintenace based on predictive and preventive smart actions. • Allow efficient asset management • Reduce operation and maintenance costs • Improve reliability of supply • Enable integration of distributed resources into the grid The smart transformer substation becomes absolutely essential in the evolution to the Smart GridDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 22
  • 23. Smart Automation Smart MV/LV transformer substationDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 23
  • 24. Smart Automation Smart MV/LV transformer substation MV Advanced AUTOMATION Monitoring MeterManagement GID Smart Grid ManagerDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 24
  • 25. Smart Automation Smart MV/LV transformer substationGID Smart Distribution Manager, Functionality integration: AMI +Grid monitoring + Grid Automation COMMUNICATIONS PLC-BT GPRS MV MONITORING PLC-MV Prime Fault detection Optical Fiber 230Vca Measuremet of Electrical Radio parameters Alarms supervision Ethernet IEC-104 48Vcc AUTOMATION ADVANCED METER MV Monitoring plus... MANAGEMENT Remote control Remote meter managenet Automatisms Gestor Inteligente Low voltage grid monitoring WEB server services DistribuciónDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 25
  • 26. Smart Automation Smart MV/LV transformer substation Networking architecture to support value added services and data communications Capacitive and inductive MV couplers Capacitive LV couplers Uninterruptible Power Supply Assembly Capacitive Couplings Inductive ekorEVTC CouplingsDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 26
  • 27. Smart Automation Smart MV/LV transformer substation The smart MV/LV transformer substation enhances operation and maintenance, increases reliability of supply BPL communications support detection of partial discharge Partial Discharge Detection for Asset Management and Network Diagnostics – Early detection of failures before they occur : – Predictive Maintenance, by detecting partial discharges caused by insulation defects in the system – Discrimination between the different types of discharge (those produced in the cable, in the joints, in the transformer…) – Correctly guide investments to the power system areas that really need it (with objective data) – Minimize the problems when receiving the installation by third parties (industrial parks, residential areas...)Date: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 27
  • 28. 4 Analysis of MV/LV transformer substation automation in distribution networksDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 28
  • 29. Smart Automation Analysis AUTOMATED MV/LV substation FUNCTIONALITY Monitoring, analysis, automated control Fault detection and localisation, service restoration logic (FDIR) COSTS - DSO BENEFITS – Consumers CAPEX – Automation solution Improved quality of supply OPEX – New processes and operation BENEFITS – DSO Improved operation Regulatory incentivesDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 29
  • 30. Smart Automation Analysis Target: quantify improvements in continuity of supply by introducing a certain degree of automation in the distribution network Continuity of supply indexes: SAIDI, SAIFI Mean values SAIDI SAIFI n SAIDI = ∑ n i =1 Pi ⋅ Ti SAIFI = ∑i =1 i P Urban area 1.1 1.5 Semiurban area 2.8 2.5 P P Simulation Metodology: • Automation •Reliability improvement • Network topology •Automation optimum • Reliability •Reduction of NSE • Analytic calculus. • Load •Incentives to the DSO • Economic parameters •VAN, ROI • Etc. • Reference networks modelling. InputsDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 30
  • 31. Smart Automation Analysis CT0 CT1 CT2 CT3 CT4 CT5 Quality modelling as a function of the CT6 degree of automation (% subst.) SE0 CT7 CT8 Analysis sensible to: CT14 CT13 CT12 CT11 CT10 CT9 • Network morphology. • Network structure. • Network lenghts. • Installed power. CT0 CT1 CT2 CT3 CT4 CT5 CT6 CT7 CT8 CT9 CT10 CT11 CT12 • Rate of failure. CT14 CT15 CT16 CT17 CT18 CT13 CR0 CR1 CR2 • Time to restoration. SE0 CT33 CT34 CT35 CT36 CT37 CT26 CT27 CT28 CT29 CT30 CT31 CT32 CT19 CT20 CT21 CT22 CT23 CT24 CT25Date: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 31
  • 32. Smart Automation Analysis Network Simulation • Extension of 4.900 sq-km, 1 metropolitan area, 46 (Seville) municipalities • Pop ≈ 2 MillionDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 32
  • 33. Smart Automation Analysis Reduction SAIDI 120% 100% Reducción SAIDI 80% Urbana 60% 40% Semiurbana 20% 0% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% % AutomationDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 33
  • 34. Smart Automation Analysis Reduction SAIFI 120% 100% Reduction SAIFI 80% Urbana 60% 40% Semiurbana 20% 0% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% % AutomationDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 34
  • 35. Smart Automation Analysis Seville urban 60 50 40 Coste M€ 30 21 M€ 20 Beneficio Q 10 0 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Degree of automationDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 35
  • 36. Smart Automation Analysis Seville urban 80 70 60 50 M€ 40 Coste 37 M€ 30 Beneficio ENS 20 10 0 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Degree of automationDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 36
  • 37. Seville semiurban 45 40 35 30 25 M€ Coste 20 9 M€ 15 Beneficio Q 10 5 0 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Degree of automationDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 37
  • 38. Seville semiurban 60 50 40 21 M€ Coste M€ 30 Beneficio 20 ENS 10 0 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Degree of automationDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 38
  • 39. Smart Automation Analysis Optimal automation degree for maximum NPV with respect to initial reliability of supply 180 100% 160 90% 80% NPV 140 70% 120 60% Optimal M€ 100 50% automation 80 degree 40% 60 30% 40 20% 20 10% 0 0% 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Initial reliability of supply (SAIDI)Date: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 39
  • 40. 5 ConclusionsDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 40
  • 41. Smart Automation Conclusions (I) The technical analysis precisely determines how the automation of MV/LV transformer substations improves the network and the reliability of supply. Beneficiaries are: Consumers, who will suffer from less frequent and time extensive interruptions DSOs, who decide whether to embark upon such investment project DSOs must consider the benefits they are allowed to perceive according to the regulation, which varies throughout the different countriesDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 41
  • 42. Smart Automation Conclusions (II) The automation of the distribution system is becoming more and more important under the current paradigm of Smart Grid • Smart MV/LV transformer substations are key elements in this process providing significant benefits to the power ecosystem: • enhance distribution operation and maintenence • enable preventive and predictive maintenance • reduce operation and maintenance costs • improve fault management process • improve reliability of supply: less frequent and briefer interruptions • However, automation requires a strong investment for DSOs. Assessment and simulation are key processes. Ormazabal provides DSOs the knowledge, technology and expertise to ensure profitability. • MV/LV transformer substation automation can be very profitable for DSOs • But rigorous analysis and simulation is key to grant profitabilityDate: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 42
  • 43. Date: March 2012 Open Smartcity 2012 - Copenhagen Page.: 43

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