Hamburg: Insights of Smart City development Open Smart City Conference Copenhagen March 2012
Hamburg: Booming trade and service metropolis The metropolitan region of Hamburg is home to 4.3 million people, 1.8 million of which reside in the city centre. 2010: GDP 88.3 billion € (57.8 % public and privat services). Over 300,000 people commute daily into the city for work. Hamburg is a highly industrialized, densely populated economic hub and home to Europe’s third largest port. Hamburg is a green waterside metropolis with a high standard of living. Hamburg is green: 16.7% of the city‘s land comprises woodland, recreation areas and green spaces.
Measures: 80% CO2 -reduction in 2050Consumption• Improving heat efficiency of commercial and private building stock built before 1979 with very high standards (ENEV / EU: from 2019 on Passiv-Buildings).• Emission reduced district heating supply with more combined heat and power generation.• Make use of high electricity saving-potentials by consulting and funding of stakeholders.• Mobility is driven by renewable sources comprehensively (local public transport/commercial/e-bikes/trains).• Intelligent control of supply and demand in the grid (Demand Side Management). 4
Measures: 80% CO2 -reduction in 2050Production• Building up capacity of sources of renewable energy (electricity and heat) in Hamburg with 100% renewable energy in 2050 as a long term goal.• Supply contracts for renewable energy with the metropolitan region of Hamburg.• Build a strong Renewable Energy Cluster to facilitate growth of renewable energy manufacturers and service companies. 5
Today‘s Cluster Profile The Renewable Energy Hamburg Cluster Cluster Network since 2010 163 member companies 152 in Hamburg City Area Rest in Metropolitan Area Hamburg‘s central location in Europe Renewable Energy Cluster in Hamburg 6
City Interfaces > 30% Renewable Energy Target Cluster Increasing Renewable Energy Penetration EEHH Intelligent grid Integrated Power Transformation of Energy Generation Solutions Transport Infrastructure Transformation of Power Generation Landscape Integrated Building Energy Sector Solutions Trends E-Mobility Transformation of Energy Connection between Demand Side (Buildings, Mobility Sector and Power Industry) Generation Sector • Connected to Department of City Development and Environment • Existing network and technology management for e-mobility and • „one-stop-shop“ hydrogen/fuel cell technology • Landmark projects (i.e. international building exhibition) 7
Measures: 80% CO2 -reduction in 2050Framework:• Building up long lasting energy storage capacities in the metropolitan region of Hamburg.• Support new technologies and innovations in energy/efficiency field.• Overall high achievement in environmental protection.• Connect the relevant actors of industry and science.• Drive private investment towards projects Hamburg Eco-Partnership 8
Hamburg „Eco-Partnership“ for SME• „Climate and resource protection services aiming at motivating businesses to participate on a voluntary basis.“• Abt. 900 enterprises have received advice.• Abt. 470 investment measures have been implemented.• As a result 62,000 tons of CO2 emissions are avoided annually, in addition to reductions in water, chemical usage and waste production.Key activity: Resource Protection ConsultingHeat check, light check, efficiency offensive and drive system check.Hamburg pays one third of the consulting costs.Perspective:For 2013 it is planned to include 5,000 companies.
Best Practise Example – Hamburg HafenCityThe measure mix makes it a smart city, what has happened to realize this? Total area of 1.57 sqkm (extends the current city area by 40%). Abt. 40,000 jobs and 5,500 homes. Responsible growth: Brownfield development.
HEATING ENERGY SUPPLY CO2 BENCHMARK NOT TECHNOLOGY DRIVEN Supply Area Eastern HafenCity: 1. Wood-fired boiler (recycling wood of 1 Fuel Cell technology „Grossmarkt“ and (Methane from bigas other sources) sources) 2. Low-temperature boilerWestern HafenCity: 2. Low-temperature boiler for for peak loadsDistrict heating system peak loadslocally completed with : 2 11. Solar Heating2. Fuel Cells3. CHP units 1. Heat Pumps 4 (Heat source: river water, power source: 3 Fuel Cell or CHP) 2. Low-temperature boiler for peak loads
SUSTAINABLE BUILDING FEATURES Eco Label Categories 1. Sustainable use of energy ressources 2. Sustainable use of public goods 3. Use of environmentally friendly building materials 4. Special consideration for environment, comfort and health protection 5. Sustainable Facility Management Usage of Competition and Market Initiation: Awarding of an eco-label and confering an environmental award. Certification of buildings. Promotion of energy efficient buildings in case of exclusive options or/and the sale of plots under competitive market conditions.
URBAN MOBILITY: PUBLIC TRANSPORTUNDERGROUND (OPENS IN 2012) / FUEL CELL BUSES / FERRIES
SMART CITY : INTEGRATION OF E-VIHICLES(VATTENFALL TEST-INFRASTRUCTURE)
SMART METERING: STRONGER CORRELATION OF SUPPLYAND DEMAND ALSO BY STORAGE CAPACITY
INDUCING BEHAVIOURAL CHANGEHAFENCITY INFOCENTER ON SUSTAINABLE URBAN DEVELOPMENT
Important future projects • Energy independent city areas in Hamburg. • Show Hamburg‘s wind energy strongholds, by using the harbour area / industrial areas also for wind turbines and other renewable energy production. • Big geothermal projects. • Renewable Energy Science Center/Park – for Universities in Hamburg and the metropolitan region. • Pilotprojekts of producing synthetic natural gas/hydrogen and fuels off renewable energy in the harbour for storage. • Network of E-Bike rental stations and E-Bike ownership/lending programs. • Hamburg‘s harbour as hub for biofuels. • Extensive introduction of smart-meters and grid-solutions. 18
Foto: segovax / pixelio.de Hamburg Media ServerThank you for your attentionContact: Jan Luca PlewaErneuerbare Energien HamburgClusteragentur GmbH+49 40 firstname.lastname@example.org