Webinar #4 CARE Peru Technical Assistance Providers Model


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This presentation shares CARE Peru's experience promoting the establishment of independent, private sector service providers in various agricultural value chains.

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Webinar #4 CARE Peru Technical Assistance Providers Model

  1. 1. Alejandro Rojas SarapuraSustainable Development Coordinator CARE Peru CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 1
  2. 2. “Before country people were different. We were forgotten, marginalized and poorly regardedbecause we wore skirts and sandals. The animals we had were creoles, natives, not of good race. CARE has come to enable us. We have reflectedand attended the training. The women never met together, they never had a leader. This is changing now”. Tomasa Chipana, Huancané, Puno, Perú. CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 2
  3. 3. Organization and National AssociationGovernment TechnicalMicrofiance Corporate Social Assistance Responsibility Providers (PAT) Comercialization Local and the market Government CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 3
  4. 4. Local young people without higher educationor graduates of local universities and collegeswith service-oriented enterprise who aretrained to provide technical assistance tosmall rural producers based on demand. CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 4
  5. 5.  Families have access to PAT  Families have access to only for the duration of the PAT in a sustainable project. manner. Culture barriers to the  PAT are from the same provision of PAT. community. Unsustainable results  PAT receive income for Weak market linkage for services rendered. small farmers  PAT consolidate supply Producers wasted of small producers. opportunities beyond the  PAT diversify services life of the project. and provide information Lack of coordination to producers. between technical courses  Local youth are engaged and field needs in profitable activities. Before After CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 5
  6. 6. PUNO The PAT is a young man chosen by theCommunity Assembly and is trained to provide technical assistance to small farmers. CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 6
  7. 7.  Puno is the second poorest department en Peru. 79% poverty and 50% in extreme poverty. Low income, low productivity and poor quality of livestock in offer, commercial constraints put on farmers. Between December 2005 and November 2008, CARE Peru implemented the project „Income and Employment Generation in family production units of the high mountains, through the development of value chains of beef cattle in the department of Puno. CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 7
  8. 8.  The project developed strategized based on the value chain approach, capacity building, creation of local technical assistance services (PAT) and the establishment of partnerships. Finally, households increased their net income by 76%. The goal was 25%. CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 8
  9. 9.  Local youth chosen to work in their community. Most of them with basic education. Service oriented and fixed residence in the community where they operate. Trained in fattening, breeding, identification and treatment of simple illnesses. PAT speak the local language. PAT charge for the services they offer. CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 9
  10. 10.  National service of agrarian health (SENASA) National Institute of Agriculture Research (INIA) Local governments Private providers of agricultural and veterinary supplies. CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 10
  11. 11.  Organization of productivity chain Identification of potential PAT Transfer of skills with a focus on results: ◦ Farming and marketing of cattle ◦ Forage grasses ◦ Artificial insemination Partnerships Promotion of PAT services Support and monitoring CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 11
  12. 12.  200 to 1500 grams/day, improved weight gain. From 18 to 4 months: decreased the fattening period 76% increase in net income of families (Target: 25%) Over 20 million soles in sales (US $7,650,000) 500 to 800 soles/month: income from farming activities 109 PAT formed: three thousand attended to 187 families of farmers. CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 12
  13. 13.  The impact assessment was carried out by a company after two years of the completion of the project, a total of 182 beneficiary households and 120 controlled households. Average income in 2010 (Group 1) was s/.7,346 (U$2,772). Average income in 2010 (Group 2) was s/. 13,309 (U$5,022). 81% increase in income compared to 2007. Poverty fell from 81% to 29%. 27.8% of families and 7.5% in the controlled group save. CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 13
  14. 14.  The impact assessment found that the key elements of the sustainability of the project were: (i) training of PAT, (ii) Increainging productivity of beef cattle (balanced diet, sheds and stables) through capacity building, (iii) clear strategies for maketing (selection and transport. Change in the balance of power – empowerment of women. Improvements not only objective but also subjective. A greater sense of well being in the households operated, whose members reported satisfaction with the increased revenue, the sense of „living well‟, belonging to a middle class or higher, and changes in self-perception of poverty. CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 14
  15. 15. CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 15
  16. 16. The role of PAT Buyer – Final Market CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 16
  17. 17. Small Holders(Average Model of access for small producers to ½ Ha) market: Case Artichokes <½ credit Microfinance Ha Institution $2.30 doc – Credit Payment <½ Ha Pay the credit <½ Ha $2.35 doc Technical Assistance Exporter?Ma Provider <½ rket Ha - PAT - Products of + 3 ha <½ Ha •Technical <½ Support Ha •Gathering $0.05 doc CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 17
  18. 18. CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 18
  19. 19.  Leading producers 1 to 2 producers from community Participate actively in meetings and trainings Competency-based assessment (procedural, attitudinal, knowledge), in the development of training workshops. Graduation: ◦ Of a total of 120 participants, 82 PAT were able to graduate. CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 19
  20. 20. Modules Competencies Promotes the development of the business, social and technial skills of PAT through training. Transfer of General Competency technology and suppor tto guide sustainable development. Module 01: Transfer of cocoa farming technologies to PAT, as part of Process Extension and technology development programs. Technical Transfer Module 02: Provides technical assistance to the PAT on the cultivationAgricultural Management of cocoa, with modern approaches to agricultural (Fertilization and extension. Productivity) Module 03: Promotes the facilitation techniques of PAT through experiential methodology and exchange of experience to Farmer Field Schools improve productivity in the cultivation of cocoa. Module 04: Knows and applies the basic tools and the importance of corporate strategic management, business vision of Business Organization cocoa, investment records, niche markets, associativity and Management and formalizatin. CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 20
  21. 21. Three Associatins of Technical Assitance Providers (ASPAT) have been formed: „ASPAT – Green Action‟, composed of 19 members, Chirinos District – The Coipa „ASPAT – Brisas del Valle Azul‟, consisting of 20 members, District San Ignacio, Huarango. „ASPAT – Integrating Green Valley‟, consisting of 15 members, Jaen. CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 21
  22. 22. Cocoa Crop •Plantation designManagement •Nursery management •Cocoa grafts •Fertilization of Cocoa •Integrated Pest Management •Pruning •Cocoa cropFacilitation of •Facilitating workshops in crop managementWorkshops •ECASPost-harvest •Construction of fermenters cratesManagement •Construction of solar dryers •Fermentation, pre-drying, drying and storage.Comercialization •Cocoa Collection •Quality control •Organic Program Inspector (UTZ, Organic, Fair Trade) •Value Added (Chocolates) CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 22
  23. 23.  Age 3 months Production cost: 1 seeding s/. 0.45 (U$0.17) Cost of sales of the seedling s/. 1 (U$0.37) Net income per seedling s/. 0.55 (U$0.21) Net income for 5000 seedlings s/. 2.769 (U$1,045) CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 23
  24. 24.  Age 4.5 months Production cost 1 seedling for s/. 1.10 soles Cost of sales of the seedling: s/.2.30 Net income per seedling: s/.1.20 (U$0.45) Net income for 5000 seedlings: s/. 6,239 (U$2,354) CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 24
  25. 25. Alejandro Rojas SarapuraSustainable Development Coordinator CARE Peru arojas@care.org.pe CARE Perú_Alejandro Rojas 25