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Basic variables ppt
Basic variables ppt
Basic variables ppt
Basic variables ppt
Basic variables ppt
Basic variables ppt
Basic variables ppt
Basic variables ppt
Basic variables ppt
Basic variables ppt
Basic variables ppt
Basic variables ppt
Basic variables ppt
Basic variables ppt
Basic variables ppt
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Basic variables ppt

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Variables: Independent, Dependent, Controls.

Variables: Independent, Dependent, Controls.

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  • 1. What is a Variable?
  • 2. DEFINITION <ul><li>Variable – Any factor that can change in a scientific investigation or experiment </li></ul>
  • 3. Types of Variables <ul><li>Independent Variable </li></ul><ul><li>(also called the manipulated variable) </li></ul><ul><li>The condition that is intentionally changed by the investigator in an experiment </li></ul><ul><li>There can be only one independent variable in an experiment </li></ul>
  • 4. <ul><li>Dependent Variable </li></ul><ul><li>(also called the responding variable) </li></ul><ul><li>The factors or conditions that will change as a result of the independent variable </li></ul><ul><li>The factors that you measure or observe as data </li></ul><ul><li>There can be one or more dependent variables in an experiment </li></ul>Types of Variables
  • 5. <ul><li>Controlled Variables </li></ul><ul><li>The factors or conditions that are kept the same (unchanged) in an experiment. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many controlled variables in an experiment </li></ul>Types of Variables
  • 6. <ul><li>Identify variables for the following experiments. </li></ul><ul><li>You can do it! </li></ul>Practice
  • 7. <ul><li>Does changing the temperature of a ball affect the height the ball will bounce? </li></ul>Testable Question #1 Hot Cold
  • 8. Identify Variables #1 <ul><li>Does changing the temperature of a ball affect the height the ball will bounce? </li></ul>Cold Hot Manipulated Variable Responding Variable
  • 9. <ul><li>Controlled Variables: </li></ul><ul><li>* Same ball </li></ul><ul><li>* Dropped from the same height </li></ul><ul><li>* Dropped onto the same surface </li></ul><ul><li>* etc… </li></ul>Identify Variables #1
  • 10. <ul><li>Does changing the color of light affect the growth rate of plants? </li></ul>Testable Question #2
  • 11. Identify Variables #2 <ul><li>Does changing the color of light affect the growth rate of plants? </li></ul>Manipulated Variable Responding Variable
  • 12. <ul><li>Controlled Variables: </li></ul><ul><li>* Same type / size of plant </li></ul><ul><li>* Same wattage of bulb </li></ul><ul><li>* Same amount of water </li></ul><ul><li>* Same soil </li></ul><ul><li>* Light on for the same amount of </li></ul><ul><li> time </li></ul><ul><li>* etc… </li></ul>Identify Variables #2
  • 13. <ul><li>How does the size of a parachute affect the time it takes a </li></ul><ul><li>hippo to fall 10 feet? </li></ul>Testable Question #3
  • 14. Identify Variables #3 <ul><li>How does the size of a parachute affect the time it takes a hippo to fall 10 feet? </li></ul>Manipulated Variable Responding Variable
  • 15. <ul><li>Controlled Variables: </li></ul><ul><li>* Same hippo </li></ul><ul><li>* Dropped from the same height </li></ul><ul><li>* Same parachute fabric </li></ul><ul><li>* Same length of strings on the parachute </li></ul><ul><li>* etc… </li></ul>Identify Variables #3

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