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Early civilizations

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Presentation on Grade 5 Ancient China and Ancient Greece

Presentation on Grade 5 Ancient China and Ancient Greece

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Early civilizations Early civilizations Presentation Transcript

  • By Cassie Partridge Ancient Civilizations
  • Exploring Ancient Civilizations
    • In this unit, you will be:
      • Researching ancient Greece and China
      • Creating artifacts from each of the civilizations
      • Participating in a variety of learning activities
      • Presenting your civilization to other members of the class in a civilization fair
  • Ancient China vs. Ancient Greece Click on one of the civilizations to begin your journey back in time…
  • Work and Trade
    • Farming, mining, fishing, business and crafting were the major economic activities in Ancient China
    • Trading was a huge part of Chinese empires
    • Goods such as grain, vegetables, fruit, meat, fabric, silk, weapons, and pottery were frequently traded
    • Sampans, small wooden boats, were used for fishing and trading goods to many countries in Southeast Asia
    Click on the flag to travel to Greece
  • Social Structure
    • People in Ancient China lived within a hierarchy
    • Merchants were the lowest class since they didn’t produce anything essential
    • Artisans were the next class creating tools, weapons and household items
    • Peasants were second highest providing food and paying taxes
    • Nobles, landowners and scholars were the highest class due to their power, wealth, land and knowledge
    Click on the flag to travel to Greece
  • Emperors of Ancient China
  • Religion
    • Confucianism (550-479 BCE)
      • Proper behaviour is necessary to have an orderly society
      • Respect, honour and obey ancestors and authority
    • Buddhism (550 BCE)
      • People suffer from wanting
      • They need to follow a way of life free of wanting
    • Daoism (550 BCE)
      • Everything in nature must be in balance
      • We must try to maintain harmony in our lives
    Click on the flag to travel to Greece
  • Arts
    • Chinese symbols called characters represent whole words or ideas
    • For the most basic literacy, one has to know a minimum of 40 000 characters
    • Characters are written vertically from top to bottom and in columns right to left
    • The Chinese drew their characters very precisely as a form of art
    Click on the flag to travel to Greece
  • Sports and Recreation
    • The Ancient Chinese played games such as catch, tug of war and a form of football using a ball of silk
    • Martial arts were popular for self-defense and exercise composed of Tai Chi and Kung Fu
    • Tai chi involves a series of slow graceful movements for defense
    • Kung Fu is a form of boxing with kicks, turns and strikes
    Click on the flag to travel to Greece
  • Work and Trade Click on the flag to travel to China
      • Trade was important to the economy of Greece
      • The Greek colonies were connected to the Greek homeland through trade
      • The Greeks exported olive oil, wine, fine woolen and linen fabrics, silver and pottery
      • They imported grain, papyrus (paper), spices, silk, ships’ rigging and sails and ivory
  • Social Structure
    • Greek households usually included a father, a mother, and children (often grandparents as well)
    • Mothers took care of the home and cared for children
    • Children helped in the home or at the father’s business
    • Men learned a skilled occupation, traded at the agora (marketplace), or were part of the army or navy
    Click on the flag to travel to China
  • Alexander the Great
  • Religion
    • Religion was a part of everyday life for the Ancient Greeks
    • They worshipped many gods and goddesses and celebrated festivals in their honour
    • There was often small shrines in the courtyard of their homes
    • Greeks built temples for religious festivals and worship
    • They sang songs and brought offerings to the gods
    Click on the flag to travel to China
  • Arts
    • Greek writers created works of poetry, philosophy, history and plays
    • Skilled artists and artisans created beautiful artworks, pottery, statues, and carvings
    • Scenes from Greek life and stories of gods, goddesses and heroes were common subjects
    • Humans were portrayed as the ideal, rather than realistic, with perfect features and proportion similar to most gods
    Click on the flag to travel to China
  • Sports and Recreation
    • The Olympic games originated in southern Greece in a place called Olympia
    • The Greeks loved competition and participated in athletic games to honour the gods and goddesses
    • We still celebrate the Olympics today (Summer and Winter) every 2 years.
    • The next Olympic games will in London, 2012
    Click on the flag to travel to China
  • Time Travel back to today…
    • Hope you enjoyed your journey back into the Ancient Civilizations!
    • Come back soon!
    • Questions
  • Citations
    • Sound Ideas. (2010). Weather: Rain : Heavy Rain On Hard Surface [Sound Effect]. Available from http://www.discoveryeducation.com/
    • Ancient Lights. (2004). The Emperors of China [Video Segment]. Available from http://www.discoveryeducation.com/
    • Discovery Education. (1997). The First True Conqueror: Introducing Alexander the Great [Video Segment]. Available from http://www.discoveryeducation.com/
    • Waters, Pat (2001). Early Civilizations. Duval House Publishing. Edmonton, Alberta
    • **pictures taken from Microsoft PowerPoint Clip Art**