Soviet ocupationmicrosoftpowerpoint
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Soviet ocupationmicrosoftpowerpoint Presentation Transcript

  • 1. The Bear Trap Cason Conley
  • 2. The Soviet Occupation of Afghanistan 1979 - 1987
  • 3. President Nur Muhammad Taraki
  • 4.  Founding member of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA)  Signed treaties with the USSR and made many reforms including equal rights for women.  These reforms caused many more “traditional” factions to rise up and oppose his rule.  Civil war spread all over the country.  Despite several pleas the Soviets were reluctant to send extensive military support.  After his assassination in September of 1979 Hafizullah Amin seized power.
  • 5. President Hafizullah Amin
  • 6.  Ordered the assassination of Taraki  Soviet Union accused Amin of being a CIA agent  The Soviets used this accusation as a reason to intervene in Afghanistan.  Amin was assassinated by soviet special forces Known as Groza (thunder) Alpha Group in December 1979 as part of Operation Storm -333  Operation Storm-333 seized several government buildings including The Presidental Palace, Ministry of Interior, Media outlets and the Internal Security (KHAD).  Over 700 KGB and GRU operatives wearing Afghanistan Army uniforms took part in the operation.
  • 7. President Babrak Karmal and Marshal Sergey Leonidovich Sokolov
  • 8.  Karmal was appointed directly by the USSR  Promised free elections rights to private property and an end to public executions.  Returned the Afghanistan flag to its original Black, Red, and Green.  Sokolov was in charge of all Soviet ground forces in afghanistan.  Sokolov became Minister of Defense of the USSR in 1984.
  • 9.  Soviet forces controlled all major urban center by 1980.  the presence of Soviet troops did not have the desired effect of pacifying the country. On the contrary, it exacerbated a nationalistic feeling, causing the rebellion to spread further.  Several Warlords rose up and used Guerrilla tactics against the Soviet forces.  Raids from across the Iranian border led the Soviets to clash with Iranian military on many occasions.  The modern army of the Soviet Union had trouble combating the hit and run guerrilla tactics implemented by the Afghan fighters.
  • 10. Mikhail Gorbachev and Soviet Withdrawal
  • 11.  Mikhail Gorbachev was interested in changing the way the USSR was seen by the rest of the world.  He was responsible for reform to the economy and image of the USSR.  Global condemnation of the soviet occupation of Afghanistan caused Gorbachev to call for the withdrawal of Soviet forces in 1985.  The last soviet troops left Afghanistan in February 15, 1989.
  • 12. These are Pamphlets given to soviet troops giving orders not to ogle women, trade goats or try to make friendly conversation with Afghan civilians.