About Genital Herpes


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About Genital Herpes

  1. 1. Genital Herpes Created By: Courtney Callahan
  2. 2. The Basics <ul><li>Genital Herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the herpes simplex viruses type 1 (HSV-1) or type 2 (HSV-2). </li></ul><ul><li>Most genital herpes is caused by HSV-2. </li></ul><ul><li>Most individuals have no or only minimal signs or symptoms from HSV-1 or HSV-2 infection. </li></ul><ul><li>When signs do occur, they typically appear as one or more blisters on or around the genitals or rectum. </li></ul><ul><li>The blisters break, leaving tender ulcers (sores) that may take two to four weeks to heal the first time they occur. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Symptoms of Genital Herpes <ul><li>This disease is very contagious and can easily spread to others even without an active outbreak. </li></ul><ul><li>The first sign of this disease is pain or tingling in the genital area. Several days later, small red bumps will appear. </li></ul><ul><li>It is not uncommon for these bumps to turn into open sores, especially if the person infected with genital herpes has been itching the area. </li></ul><ul><li>During this period, the person may experience flu-like symptoms such as headaches, fever and fatigue. He may also experience painful urination. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Herpes Lesions can occur all over the genital areas and rectum.
  5. 5. Causes of Genital Herpes <ul><li>HSV-1 and HSV-2 can be found in and released from the sores that the viruses cause, but they also are released between outbreaks from skin that does not appear to have a sore. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally, a person can only get HSV-2 infection during sexual contact with someone who has a genital HSV-2 infection. </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission can occur from an infected partner who does not have a visible sore and may not know that he or she is infected. </li></ul><ul><li>HSV-1 can cause genital herpes, but it more commonly causes infections of the mouth and lips, so-called “fever blisters.” HSV-1 infection of the genitals can be caused by oral-genital or genital-genital contact with a person who has HSV-1 infection. </li></ul><ul><li>Genital HSV-1 outbreaks recur less regularly than genital HSV-2 outbreaks. </li></ul>
  6. 6. At a Glance…
  7. 7. How is Genital Herpes Diagnosed? <ul><li>The signs and symptoms associated with HSV-2 can vary greatly. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Health care providers can diagnose genital herpes by visual inspection if the outbreak is typical, and by taking a sample from the sores and testing it in a laboratory. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>HSV infections can be diagnosed between outbreaks by the use of a blood test. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood tests, which detect  antibodies to HSV-1 or HSV-2 infection, can be helpful, although the results are not always clear-cut. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Treatments for Genital Herpes <ul><li>There is no treatment that can cure herpes </li></ul><ul><li>There is antiviral medications that can shorten and prevent outbreaks during the period of time the person takes the medication.  </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, daily suppressive therapy for symptomatic herpes can reduce transmission to partners. </li></ul>
  9. 9. How to Prevent Genital Herpes <ul><li>The surest way to avoid transmission of sexually transmitted diseases, including genital herpes, is to abstain from sexual contact </li></ul><ul><li>Genital ulcer diseases can occur in both male and female genital areas that are covered or protected by a latex condom, as well as in areas that are not covered. </li></ul><ul><li>Correct and consistent use of latex condoms can reduce the risk of genital herpes. </li></ul><ul><li>Persons with herpes should abstain from sexual activity with uninfected partners when lesions or other symptoms of herpes are present. </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to know that even if a person does not have any symptoms he or she can still infect sex partners. Sex partners of infected persons should be advised that they may become infected and they should use condoms to reduce the risk. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Complications of Genital Herpes <ul><li>Genital herpes can cause recurrent painful genital sores in many adults, and herpes infection can be severe in people with suppressed immune systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Regardless of severity of symptoms, genital herpes frequently causes psychological distress in people who know they are infected. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Who Discovered Genital Herpes? <ul><li>When the herpes virus was discovered can be traced back in the early ancient Greek times </li></ul><ul><li>Hippocrates is known as the “Father of Medicine”. He was a Greek physician and was regarded as the greatest physician of his time. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>His medical practice is focused on the observations and on the study of the human body, rejecting old beliefs that any illness in the body is caused by superstitions and by possession of evil spirits and disfavor of the gods. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Works Cited <ul><li>http://www.cdc.gov/std/herpes/STDFact-herpes.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://kidshealth.org/teen/sexual_health/stds/std_herpes.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.emedicinehealth.com/genital_herpes/article_em.htm </li></ul>