Spanish grammar book

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Spanish grammar book

  1. 1. Carmeltia Huskins<br />Libra de gramatica<br />
  2. 2. Table of Contents<br />Present <br />Stem Changers<br />Irregular “yo”<br />Saber vs. Conocer<br />Reflexives<br />“Se” Impersonal<br />Diphthongs with accents<br />Verbs like uir/guir, cer/cir, ger/gir<br />Hace + Time + Que + Presente<br />Imperfect<br />
  3. 3. PresentTo use the present tense of a regular verb, replace the ar/er/ir ending with a conjugated ending.<br />“Ar”<br />Yo- O<br />Tu- As<br />Ud. El/ella– A<br />Nosotros- Amos<br />Uds. Ellos/ as- An<br />“Er” <br />Yo- O<br />Tu- Es<br />Ud. El/ella- E<br />Nosotros- imos<br />Uds. Ellos/ as- En<br />
  4. 4. Stem ChangersAll stems change except for Nosotros<br />O -> UE<br />E -> IE<br />E -> I<br />Pensar<br />Poder<br />Pide<br />-Pienso<br />-Piensas<br />-Piensa<br />-Pensamos<br />-Piensan<br />-Puedo<br />-Puedes<br />-Puede<br />-Podemos<br />-Pueden<br />-Pido<br />-Pides<br />-Pide<br />-Pedimos<br />-Piden<br />
  5. 5. Irregular “Yo”Irregular verbs that the yo form is different from the rest<br />
  6. 6. Saber vs. ConocerBoth mean “to know” something.<br />Saber<br />-Se<br />-Sabes<br />-Sabe<br />-Sabemos<br />Saben<br />Conocer<br />-Conozco<br />-Conoces<br />-Conoce<br />-Conocemos<br />-Conocen<br />
  7. 7. ReflexivesWhat the action is being reflected upon.<br />Acostarse: To go to bed<br />-Me Acosto<br />-Te Acostas<br />-Se Acosta<br />-NosAcostamos<br />-Se Acostan<br />Llamarse: To be called<br />Levantarse: To get up<br />Ponerse: To put on<br />Cansarse: To get tired<br />Sentarse: To sit down<br />
  8. 8. “Se” ImpersonalNot one specific thing or person is being specified. Very general.<br />
  9. 9. Diphthongs with AccentsWhen a weak and a strong vowel or two weak vowels combine to create a single syllable.<br />
  10. 10. Verbs like… uir/guir, cer/cir, and ger/gir<br />
  11. 11. Hace+ Time + Que + Present tense<br />This is used to show the length of time that an action took place.<br />
  12. 12. Imperfect : This action has not been completed. There is no definite end or beginning. Like a continuous movie.<br />Trigger words<br />Nunca – Never<br />A veces – Sometimes<br />Todo el Tiempo – all of the time<br />

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