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Spanish grammar book

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Transcript

  • 1. Carmeltia Huskins
    Libra de gramatica
  • 2. Table of Contents
    Present
    Stem Changers
    Irregular “yo”
    Saber vs. Conocer
    Reflexives
    “Se” Impersonal
    Diphthongs with accents
    Verbs like uir/guir, cer/cir, ger/gir
    Hace + Time + Que + Presente
    Imperfect
  • 3. PresentTo use the present tense of a regular verb, replace the ar/er/ir ending with a conjugated ending.
    “Ar”
    Yo- O
    Tu- As
    Ud. El/ella– A
    Nosotros- Amos
    Uds. Ellos/ as- An
    “Er”
    Yo- O
    Tu- Es
    Ud. El/ella- E
    Nosotros- imos
    Uds. Ellos/ as- En
  • 4. Stem ChangersAll stems change except for Nosotros
    O -> UE
    E -> IE
    E -> I
    Pensar
    Poder
    Pide
    -Pienso
    -Piensas
    -Piensa
    -Pensamos
    -Piensan
    -Puedo
    -Puedes
    -Puede
    -Podemos
    -Pueden
    -Pido
    -Pides
    -Pide
    -Pedimos
    -Piden
  • 5. Irregular “Yo”Irregular verbs that the yo form is different from the rest
  • 6. Saber vs. ConocerBoth mean “to know” something.
    Saber
    -Se
    -Sabes
    -Sabe
    -Sabemos
    Saben
    Conocer
    -Conozco
    -Conoces
    -Conoce
    -Conocemos
    -Conocen
  • 7. ReflexivesWhat the action is being reflected upon.
    Acostarse: To go to bed
    -Me Acosto
    -Te Acostas
    -Se Acosta
    -NosAcostamos
    -Se Acostan
    Llamarse: To be called
    Levantarse: To get up
    Ponerse: To put on
    Cansarse: To get tired
    Sentarse: To sit down
  • 8. “Se” ImpersonalNot one specific thing or person is being specified. Very general.
  • 9. Diphthongs with AccentsWhen a weak and a strong vowel or two weak vowels combine to create a single syllable.
  • 10. Verbs like… uir/guir, cer/cir, and ger/gir
  • 11. Hace+ Time + Que + Present tense
    This is used to show the length of time that an action took place.
  • 12. Imperfect : This action has not been completed. There is no definite end or beginning. Like a continuous movie.
    Trigger words
    Nunca – Never
    A veces – Sometimes
    Todo el Tiempo – all of the time