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(Higher) Education Beyond the University


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Keynote presentation for #OCUFA, January 20, 2012.

Keynote presentation for #OCUFA, January 20, 2012.

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  • 1. (Higher) Education Beyond the University:The Promise of Open/Connected LearningOCUFA 2012January 20, 2012Dr. Alec Couros
  • 2. me
  • 3. #ocufa
  • 4. The Blur
  • 5.
  • 6.
  • 7. “Web 2.0 tools exist that might allow academics to reflectand reimagine what they do as scholars. Such tools might positively affect -- even transform - research, teaching, and service responsibilities - only if scholars choose to build serious academic lives online, presenting semi-public selves and becoming invested in and connected to the work of their peers and students.” (Greenhow, Robelia, & Hughes, 2009)
  • 8. Open Doctrine
  • 9. journey(quick version)
  • 10. Knowledge
  • 11. knowledge• what is k?• how is k acquired?• how do we know what we know?• why do we know what we know?• what do humans know?• who controls k?• how is k controlled?
  • 12. human thought/ideas human language source codehigh-level language (e.g. C++, Java, PERL) low-level language (assembly language) code irretrievable machine code (binary)
  • 13. @jonmott
  • 14. From  NAGPS  (2011)  via  h4p://
  • 15. From  NAGPS  (2011)  via  h4p://
  • 16. From  NAGPS  (2011)  via  h4p://
  • 17. “The shift from Access Copyright marks the culmination of years of technology changewithin Canadian education that has resulted in new ways for professors to disseminateresearch and educational materials as well as greater reliance by students on the Internet,electronic materials, and portable computers.”
  • 18. Collaboration
  • 19. “A key to transformation is for the teaching profession to establish innovation networks that capture the spirit and culture of hackers -the passion, the can-do, collective sharing.” ~ Hargreaves, 2003
  • 20. STOP: Twitter Demo
  • 21. Openness
  • 22. “Open Education is the simple and powerful idea that the world’s knowledge is a public good and that technology in general andthe Worldwide Web in particular provide an extraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and reuse knowledge.” (William & Flora Hewlett Foundation)
  • 23. open(ness) (short version) open education free software open source software open educational resourcesopen content open access publicationopen access courses open teaching open scholarship open accreditation
  • 24. Free/Open Content “describes any kind of creative work in a format that explicitly allows copying and modifying of its information by anyone, notexclusively by a closed organization, firm, or individual.” (Wikipedia)
  • 25. 35
  • 26. 36
  • 27. core changes
  • 28. David Wiley Then vs Now Analog Digital Tethered Mobile Isolated Connected Generic Personal Consumption Creating@opencontent Closed Open
  • 29. David Wiley Education vs Everyday Analog Digital Tethered Mobile Isolated Connected Generic Personal Consumption Creating@opencontent Closed Open
  • 30. Why Do Students Go to University? Content Degrees Social Life Support Services (Wiley, 2010)
  • 31. Why Do Students Go to University? PLoS GCTWikipedia MCSE Google Scholar ACT OCW Content DegreesFlatworld K CNE CCNA Open Courses Facebook Twitter Skype Social Life Support Services MySpace Yahoo! Answers MMOGs Quora ChaCha (Wiley, 2010)
  • 32. Informal Learning • “Informal learning is a significant aspect of our learning experience. Formal education no longer comprises the majority of our learning.” •George Siemens
  • 33. social media
  • 34. Personal Computer to MobileEarly Day of PC in Schools Today’s Social/Mobile Reality
  • 35. media stats (2010)• 107 trillion emails (89% spam), from 1.04 billion users.• 255 million websites• 1.97 billion Internet users• 152 millions blogs• 600 million Facebook users (sharing 30 billion pieces of content per month)• 2 billion videos watched on Youtube daily• 5 billion photos hosted on Flickr Stats as of January 2011 via Royal Pingdom
  • 36. affordances
  • 37. Blogs & Wikis
  • 38. Simple Blogging
  • 39. Microblogging
  • 40. Social Bookmarking
  • 41. Info/File Management
  • 42. Social Networking
  • 43. Social Curation
  • 44. Network Literacies • “Understanding how networks work is one of the most important literacies of the 21st century.” (2010)Howard Rheingold
  • 45. PoliticsHoward Rheingold
  • 46. Services
  • 47. Reputation
  • 48. Leveraging Networks
  • 49. “To answer your question, I did use Youtube to learn how to dance. I consider it my ‘main’ teacher.” “10 years ago, street dance was very exclusive, especially rare dances like popping (the one I teach and do). You either had to learn it from a friend that knew it or get VHS tapes which were hard to get. Now with Youtube, anyone, anywhere in the world can learn previously ‘exclusive’ dance styles.”
  • 50. social networks• redefine communities, friends, citizenship, identity, presence, privacy, publics, geography.• enable learning, communication, sharing, collaboration, community.• networks form around shared interests & objects.
  • 51. open courses
  • 52. #eci831
  • 53. open teaching
  • 54. network mentors
  • 55. non-credit students
  • 56. course trailers
  • 57. student-controlled spaces
  • 58. aggregation
  • 59. microblogging
  • 60. shared resources
  • 61. daily social digest
  • 62. What We Learned• Open access, low-cost, high impact.• Courses become shared, global, learning events.• Students immersed in a greater learning community.• Rethinking of space/interaction (walled gardens, open spaces)• Learning spaces controlled and/or owned by students.• Digital artefacts may allow for deep, critical reflection.• Development of emerging literacies, relevant for other courses.• Pedagogy focused more on connecting & interactions; content important, but secondary.• Development of sustainable, long-term, learning connections.
  • 63. “I was able to go out and learn throughout the entire week, the entire year, and I’m still learning with everyone.” “The best part of the course is that it’s not ending. With the connections we’ve built, it never has to end.”
  • 64. “The course ... has been the most profound pdexperience I’ve ever had. It forced me to critique & reviewmy practice. I never knew how important social networks were. Now, I couldn’t be a teacher without beingconnected. It’s drastically changed my view of education.”
  • 65. big ideas to consider
  • 66. Sharing
  • 67. On Sharing ... “it’s about overcoming the inner 2 year old in you that screams mine, mine, it’s mine.” (Wiley, TEDxNYED, 2010)
  • 68. Openness
  • 69. Private PublicClosed Open
  • 70. Relationships
  • 71. @shareski
  • 72. conclusion
  • 73. 21st Century Learning• “What happens to traditional concepts of classrooms and teaching when we can now learn anything, anywhere, anytime?” Will Richardson
  • 74. Don’t limit a child to yourown learning, for he was born in another time. ~Tagore @courosa