Brief History of Educational Technology

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Presentation by Dr. Richard Schwier for EC & I 831 at the Faculty of Education, University of Regina.

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Brief History of Educational Technology

  1. 1. History of Educational Technology January 29, 2008 EC&I 831
  2. 2. Go ahead...
  3. 3. Why bother? • because Alec and Rob say so • rich tradition • Canadian edtech vs. USA edtech • enjoy knowing where you fit - river of life • past provides understanding of the future
  4. 4. Why Engineers Should Know Edgar Dale
  5. 5. Why me? • because Alec & Rob say so • old guy syndrome • know a lot of old dudes • actually studied with some old dudes • started out in the USA • came to Canada early enough to witness much of its growth and transformation
  6. 6. It’s Greek to me Elder Sophists and Future Shop salespeople
  7. 7. Greek Philosophy Four questions of cause: material formal efficient functional
  8. 8. Greek Philosophy 4 questions of cause: material, formal, efficient, functional
  9. 9. seven cardinal virtues & seven deadly sins • chastity • lust • temperance • gluttony • charity • greed • diligence • sloth • patience • wrath • kindness • envy • humility • pride
  10. 10. Question 1: • What is your earliest memory of an educational technology?
  11. 11. Question 2: • Who is the most influential non-Canadian scholar in educational technology you can name?
  12. 12. Question 3 • Who is the most influential CANADIAN scholar in educational technology you can name?
  13. 13. Posse cup quiz • How many of these people can you name?
  14. 14. And how about these?
  15. 15. and these?
  16. 16. List of “thinkers” in ECT according to Wikipedia: Rick: Karl Fisch Comenius Ian Jukes James Finn Jamie McKenzie Robert Gagné Scott McLeod Albert Bandura Alan November Seymour Papert Seymour Papert Marshall McLuhan Will Richardson Allan Paivio Gary Stager Nicholas Negroponte John Sweller M. David Merrill Joyce Kazman Valenza Brent Wilson David Warlick David Jonassen David Marcovitz Charles Reigeluth Andy Gibbons Etienne Wenger Denys Hlynka
  17. 17. What is CNIE?
  18. 18. Canadian Network for Innovation in Education - 2007 AMTEC - 1971 CADE - 1980s EMAC-1968 ETRAC - 1968 CAVA - 1961 DAVI - 1958
  19. 19. Journals as moving targets AMTEC • CAVA News - 1958 • Educational Media - 1969 - 1971 • Media Message - 1973 - • Canadian Journal of Educational Communication 1983 - 2001 • Canadian Journal of Learning & Technology 2001 - ??
  20. 20. Journals as moving targets AECT • AVCR - 1952-1977 • Educational Communication and Technology (ECTJ) - 1978 - 1992 • Journal of Instructional Development 1978-1992 • Educational Technology Research & Development 1992 - ??
  21. 21. Panaceas for schools • Film - 1940s • Television - 1950s • Programmed instruction - 1960s • Systematic instructional design - 1970s • Computers - 1980s • The Internet - 1990s • Social networks & Web 2.0 - 2000s
  22. 22. MPATI
  23. 23. A Turning Point: Social responsibility • One Laptop Per Child (August, 2006 Ted Talk, Nicholas Negroponte) • http://tinyurl.com/2gbo5p
  24. 24. Movement -not technology but epistemology • Objectivism • Cognitivism Individuals • Constructivism • Collective constructionism Groups - Social learning
  25. 25. Shifts in ET from Teemu Arina
  26. 26. Shifts in ET Objectivism Cognitivism Constructivism Social Learning
  27. 27. Shifts in ET Group growth Individual growth Objectivism Cognitivism Constructivism Social Learning
  28. 28. Distinctly Canadian
  29. 29. Common mis-speakings • ET is a new discipline • Media comparison studies • Data = knowledge • Knowledge - understanding • Models of complex systems are true • Computers can replace teachers • ET = computers + internet + schools
  30. 30. The Future
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