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  • Across all grade levels. A difference in math, is that while the processes remain, knowledge builds progressively. Basics are used in conjunction with problem solving and reasoning.


  • 1. Reading and Math for all Ages Dr. Angela Hairrell
  • 2. Hart & Risley (2002)
    • There is a tremendouse difference in the experiences of students when they enter school
  • 3. NAEP 2007 Reading Results
    • One in three fourth-graders is reading below a basic level.
    • Only 31% of eighth-graders are proficient readers
    • (Lee, Grigg & Donahue, 2007)
  • 4. Early Reading
    • Foundational Skills
      • Oral language
      • Concepts of Print
  • 5. Components of Reading Instruction
    • Phonemic Awareness
    • Word Study
      • Decoding (phonics)
      • Sight words
      • Multisyllabic word identification
      • Structural analysis
    • Fluency
    • Vocabulary
    • Comprehension
    • Motivation
  • 6. Components of Reading Instruction Across the Grade Levels Early Literacy Instruction (Preschool) Early Reading Instruction (K - 1) Beginning Reading Instruction (1-3) Reading to Learn (4-12) Phonemic Awareness X X Word Study X (decoding, sight words) X (decoding, sight words, structural analysis, multisyllabic) X (structural analysis, multisyllabic) Fluency X X ? Vocabulary X X X X Comprehension X X X X Motivation X X
  • 7. NAEP 2007 Math Results
    • Overall, 4th and 8th grade scores have risen since 1990 and 2005.
    • However, most gaps in achievement remained the same.
  • 8. Mathematical Processes
    • Problem solving
    • Reasoning and proof
    • Communication
    • Connections
      • Among and within mathematical concepts
      • To real world and other disciplines
    • Representations
  • 9. Some Similarities Reading Math Phonemic Awareness Problem Solving Word Study Reasoning & Proof Fluency Communication Vocabulary Connections Comprehension Representations