On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
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Data• Qualitative • Long interview (250+ total hours) • Videotapes (33+ total hours)• Quantitative • Sociodemographics • Measures of well-being
Qualitative Analytic ApproachThree iterative tasks Coding Describe what is going on Categories Identify larger “parts” Theme Develop a theory of caregiving style
Getting from Codes to CategoriesCoding – unlinked descriptions of dataCategories – arrange codes as hierarchies Hierarchies of what?
BeliefsMeanings Actions Style
Categories: Elements of StyleBeliefs What is …?Meanings The role signifies …?Actions Caregiving gets done by …?
Action: Taking Care of SelfLooking at data as a whole, caregivers take care of self by Reducing demands of role Doing something important Getting healthy Staying connected
Taking Care of Self No Has strategies strategies Does not Does not Meets meet meet needs needs needs
Three groupsCompare and contrast throughaxial coding Causes Consequences Context Conditions
Example: Exercise andConditions No exercise CR not Help OK alone CR OKExercise alone
Example: Exercise andConsequences
Four Caregiving StylesFacilitating Directing Balancing Advocating
Facilitating Caregiver Priority Strategy Emotional Interaction Anything thathealth, identity of Cooperative involves self CR Needs Emotions Recognizes but Worries about doesn’t address ability to provide own needs best care
Directing Caregiver Priority Strategy InteractionPhysical health of Verbal Limited or none CR Needs EmotionsRecognized needs Frustrated and limited to work stressed
Balancing Caregiver Strategy Priority Environmental Interaction Maintaining the status quo controls, supervision, repetitive Parallel activities Emotions Needs Generally satisfied with careHas help and meets own needs provision
Advocating Caregiver Interaction Priority Strategy Range withManaging others Vigilance and purpose of to support CR advocacy assessment Emotions Needs Generally satisfied Has help and with caremeets own needs provision
Conclusion• Caregivers may - demonstrate a mix of styles - change over time; circumstances• Understanding priorities of caregiver regarding self and care recipient is key
Caveats• Styles are a guide, not a prescription• Theory - Requires further testing
ReferenceCorcoran, M.A. (2011). Caregiving Styles: ACognitive and Behavioral Typology AssociatedWith Dementia Family Caregiving. TheGerontologist 51, 4, 463-472.doi:10.1093/geront/gnr002