What you need to know about dental cavities (1)

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Dr. Carol Waldman and her team at Cosmetic Dentistry in Toronto offer a variety of dental and orthodontic proceedures. Whether it is a general checkup, or cosmetic surgery, they have the trained professionals to help! Visit Waldman Carol Dr 808 York Mills Rd Toronto, ON M3B 1X8, call (416) 445-6000 or visit their website http://cosmeticdentistry.net/.

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What you need to know about dental cavities (1)

  1. 1. WHAT YOU NEED TOKNOW ABOUT DENTALCAVITIES
  2. 2. Your teeth are the hardest substances in your body,and are crucial for breaking down the foods you eat andfor helping you speak clearly. The different parts ofyour teeth include:• Enamel• Dentin• PulpYour teeth can experience many issues, but cavities arethe most common, and one of the easiest to prevent.
  3. 3. What Is a Cavity?Dental cavities, also known as a dental caries happenwhen your tooth or teeth decay and start to break down. Cavities are holes in the surface of your teeth that canend up growing larger and deeper if not addressed.This is one reason why regular trips to the dentist are soimportant.
  4. 4. What Causes Cavities?Cavities has several possible causes, including:• Location - molars and premolars are more susceptible.• Sticky food and beverages - like soft drinks, table sugar, milk, raisins, cookies and cakes that arent easily washed away by saliva can cause a problem.• Poor brushing & flossing habits - plaque will form if it isnt removed• Age - younger children and older adults are more susceptible to cavities.
  5. 5. Causes cont…• Dry mouth - this condition is from a lack of saliva, and can lead to increased plaque build up because it isnt washed away naturally.• Older fillings - as fillings get older and weaker, plaque can form around or underneath your old fillings.• Eating disorders like bulimia or anorexia may result in tooth erosion and cavities.
  6. 6. How to Know If You Have a CavityThe best way to know if you have a cavity is through acheck up at your dentists office. Finding cavities is oneof the dentists jobs, so you can be sure theyll be find ifyou dont notice any symptoms or they are hidden.Some signs that you might notice include:• Tooth pain• Sensitivity to hold or cold• Visible holes or pits in your teeth
  7. 7. Common Cavity TreatmentsCavity treatments may vary depending on the severityof the cavity. For a smaller cavity, that portion is drilledinto a removed, replaced with a filling. Many modernfillings are white and virtually unnoticeable.If the decay is more extensive, crowns that cover thetooth will be used. If the decay damages the nerves orpulp under the tooth, a root canal may have to beperformed. A sedation dentist will be required in thissituation to reduce discomfort during the procedure.New products and techniques are also being worked onall the time.
  8. 8. Untreated Cavity ComplicationsSome of the potential complications from untreatedcavities include:• Tooth loss• Tooth abscesses• Infections• Broken teeth• Chewing issues• Pain that disrupts your daily routine
  9. 9. Cavity PreventionThe easiest way to deal with the whole cavity issue is toprevent them in the first place. Here are some tips:• Regular brushing and flossing (at least twice a day)• Using a fluoride toothpaste• Brush your gums gently each day• Limit your intake of sugary drinks• Drink water with meals when possible• Visit the dental hygienist regularly for cleanings
  10. 10. Referenceshttp://www.webmd.com/oral-health/guide/dental-health-cavitiesWebMDhttp://kidshealth.org/kid/talk/qa/cavity.html#Kids Healthhttp://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cavities/DS00896/DSECTION=risk%2DfactorsMayo Clinichttp://www.cosmeticdentistry.net/Dr. Carol Waldman

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