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The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
The Open Índex
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The Open Índex

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An argument for the application of open data norms to international indices in development and human rights.

An argument for the application of open data norms to international indices in development and human rights.

Published in: News & Politics
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  • 3 trends2 questions
  • CITATION
  • Find academic source fr levels of local accountability
  • Insert picture on pg 14 of harnessing
  • Indaba—online platform for collaborative data gathering and publishing. Tailored for governance dataSwift River—filtering and verification api for data streamsOpen Data Kit—open source software for cloud and app-based data collectionTxtEagle—mobile based data entry and compensation
  • Scopeof data presented (geographic and thematic), North/South network position (headquarters location, use of local teams, degree of engagement with country-level actors in designing methodologies and analyzing data),the type ofdata (whether they constructed comparative indices, use of qualitative and quantitative data, use of objective or subjective source data), online accessibility of the data (whether data was freely available for data, and whether it was possible to analyse the data online) and, the degree of digital media engagement (whether social media were employed and to what degree this engendered actual communication with country-level actors).
  • Much less when meaningful
  • Rights-focused: slightly less digital media useLocal Partners: slightly better job of actual media engagement than other typesLocal engage: significantly worse on all countsIndexes: slightly better at providing online analysis, slightly worse at digital media useThose that did everything little right (download, analysis, digital engagement) were : Commitment to Development Index, Eurobarometer, Global Corruption Barometer, Global Hunger Index, Global Competitiveness Index,Human Development Report, Media Map.In fact, there did not even appear to be a correlation between local engagement and local partnership. Only 16% of data sources with local partners constitutively engaged country-level actors, and only 41% of data sources that consitutively engaged country-level actors also had local partners.
  • What consequences for transnational networks and knowledge exhcange?Is there an ideological bias?
  • Open DataCompleteAccessible, non-discriminatory and Machine ReadableLicensed open and non-proprietaryOpen Methods Statistical methods clearly described in an style suitable for academic publicationCollection methods are clearly described and explained, including selection of data sources and Primary data documentation, including links to original sourcesAccess to code sheets and quantitative, expert reportsOpen organisationExhaustive list of all organizations or individuals involved in data collection and analysisFunding sources
  • Much world Bank data was accessible before. But when they opened it up, use tripled in 6 months.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Ideology,Technologyand the Open Index:<br />standards for actionable data across borders<br />
    • 2. Trend 1: The Move to Measure<br />Dramatic proliferation of initiatives to measure human rights and development in recent decades<br />Including:<br />Donor assessments<br />International Initiatives<br />Country and local initiatives<br />
    • 3. 90<br />88<br />86<br />84<br />96<br />98<br />00<br />02<br />04<br />92<br />94<br />06<br />78<br />76<br />1974<br />08<br />80<br />International data sources on country-level governance<br />(adapted from UNDP Oslo Governance Centre)<br />Global Accountability Report<br />Indicators of Local Democratic Governance<br />Institutional Profiles Database<br />World Governance Assessment<br />Democracy Index <br />Human Rights Indicators<br />World Democracy Audit<br />Gender Empowerment Measure<br />Weberian Comparative State Project<br />Failed States Index<br />State Failure Dataset<br />Civil Society Index<br />Countries at the Crossroads<br />Women in Parliament<br />Press Freedom Index<br />Index of Economic Freedom<br />Index of Human Rights<br />CIRI Human Rights Databse<br />Political Terror Scale<br />Open Budget Index<br />Global Corruption Barometer<br />Commitment to Development<br />Index of Democracy<br />Rule of Law Index<br />Global Competitiveness Index<br />Journalists killed<br />Governance Matters<br />Integrity Index<br />Economic Freedom of the World<br />Bertelsmann Transformation Index<br />Global Peace Index<br />Polity<br />BEEPS<br />International Country Risk Guide<br />CPIA <br />Governance and Democracy Processes<br />World Values Survey<br />Opacity Index<br />Press Freedom Survey<br />Corruption Perceptions Index <br />Freedom in the World<br />Bribe Payers Index<br />GAPS in Workers’ Rights<br />82<br />
    • 4. Common Measurement Objectives<br />To better understand<br />To impact international policy processes<br />To impact country level practice<br />The great divide:country-led or comparative<br />
    • 5. Trend 2: The Rise of Technology<br /><ul><li>ICT for development
    • 6. Social Media for Organisations</li></li></ul><li>Data in the digital age<br />Survey tools<br />Local data online<br />Transnational networks<br />Open gov’t<br />Citizen-generated data<br />Digital dissemination<br />Populist Technologies<br />International Digital Media<br />
    • 7. Trend 3: Transnational Information Ecologies<br />Especially:<br />Social and political mobilization<br />Knowledge exchange and capacity development<br />
    • 8. Trend intersection (Measurement - Technology – Globalization)<br />Cross country technologies for data collection<br /><ul><li>Indaba
    • 9. Swift River
    • 10. Open Data Kit
    • 11. TxtEagle</li></ul>Cross country technology for data dissemination<br /><ul><li>The internet</li></li></ul><li>Bridging the Divide? (Measurement - Technology – Globalization)<br />Have the rise of new technologies and transnational communication flows supported increased connectivity and knowledge exchange between national and international actors collecting and mobilizing data on human rights and development?<br />Local actors appear to be reaching out, but very difficult to quantify <br />It is possile to evaluate whether international actors are reaching out.<br />
    • 12. 90<br />88<br />86<br />84<br />96<br />98<br />00<br />02<br />04<br />92<br />94<br />06<br />78<br />76<br />1974<br />08<br />80<br />Global Accountability Report<br />Indicators of Local Democratic Governance<br />Institutional Profiles Database<br />World Governance Assessment<br />Democracy Index <br />Human Rights Indicators<br />World Democracy Audit<br />Gender Empowerment Measure<br />Weberian Comparative State Project<br />Failed States Index<br />State Failure Dataset<br />Civil Society Index<br />Countries at the Crossroads<br />Women in Parliament<br />Press Freedom Index<br />Index of Economic Freedom<br />Index of Human Rights<br />CIRI Human Rights Databse<br />Political Terror Scale<br />Open Budget Index<br />Global Corruption Barometer<br />Commitment to Development<br />Index of Democracy<br />Rule of Law Index<br />Global Competitiveness Index<br />Journalists killed<br />Governance Matters<br />Integrity Index<br />Economic Freedom of the World<br />Bertelsmann Transformation Index<br />Global Peace Index<br />Polity<br />BEEPS<br />International Country Risk Guide<br />CPIA <br />Governance and Democracy Processes<br />World Values Survey<br />Opacity Index<br />Press Freedom Survey<br />Corruption Perceptions Index <br />Freedom in the World<br />Bribe Payers Index<br />GAPS in Workers’ Rights<br />82<br />
    • 13. 49 Global Sources for National Data on Development and Human Rights<br />Online presence<br />Measuring the relationship between states and citizens (Social Contract Data)<br />Presenting data on multiple countries<br />Current data (at least from 2008)<br />
    • 14. Global Sources were coded for:<br />Scopeof data(geographic and thematic), <br />North/South network position <br />Types ofdata(comparative, quantitative, sources)<br />online accessibility<br />degree of digital mediaengagement<br />HYPTOTHESIS: a correlation between country-level engagement and digital engagement<br />
    • 15. Showed little engagement,<br />1/2 –made data available for download<br />1/3 –online analysis<br />1/4 –used social media<br />1/5 –actual digital engagement<br />
    • 16. with no obvious correlations.<br />
    • 17. Why are global data sources not geting wired?<br />Different measurement objectives<br />Path dependency<br />A natural uptake<br />
    • 18. Costs, opportunities and tradeoffs<br />Costs<br />investment in technical capacities<br />human resources<br />software development <br />institutional costs<br />Opportunities<br />Implementation costs<br />Better data<br /> contextualized<br />real-time<br />validated<br />Engagement <br />Local actionability<br />Perennial Trade-offs<br />Comparative data vs contextualized data<br />International vs national discourse<br />
    • 19. But…<br />
    • 20. ..even for comparative ranking advocates who do NOT wish to <br />substantively engage with national actors, <br />adjustmethodologies to reflect lived realities, or <br />expendresources on technology adaption,<br />There is always….<br />
    • 21. The Open Index: a minimal approach to digital engagement<br />Open Data<br />Complete<br />Non-discriminatory & Machine Readable<br />Licensed open & non-proprietary<br />Open Methods<br />Statistical methods (as suitable for academic pub)<br />Collection methods (including source selection)<br />Primary data documentation & links to original sources<br />Code sheets & background reports<br />Open organisation<br />All organizations involved in collection & analysis<br />Funding sources<br />
    • 22. Open Data is Used Data<br />
    • 23. Registers of Actionability<br />Data may be locally actionable for<br />Policy<br />Advocacy<br />Research<br />
    • 24. The Cost of Closed<br />Political and social capital for local actors<br />Opportunity cost for capacities and knowledge<br />A widening divide<br />
    • 25. Presentation and international data source spreadsheet<br />avalable at:<br />http://www.engineroom.no/data-sheets/<br />

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