Elements of Art
7. Value- the lightness or darkness of tones or colors
Part of Mona
Lisa is lit and
part is cast in
results in a
1. Choose a color (not yellow). Place the circle onto your paper and trace it very lightly.
2. Decide what side your light source will be on. Your shadow will be on the opposite side.
3. Draw a small oval where your light source will be hitting the sphere (highlight). Divide your sphere into
about four or five equal sections with light, curved lines. Do NOT draw straight lines to divide your circle,
or it will appear flat instead of three-dimensional.
4. Using the color you chose, start filling in the sections using an even tone in each. The tiny oval closest to
the light source should remain white, and the section closest to the shadow should be the darkest value. The
two or three sections in the middle will be medium values.
5. With a different colored pencil (not yellow), create a shadow below the sphere at the opposite end of the
light source. Have your darkest value at the bottom of the shadow near the sphere, and your lightest at the tip
of the shadow.
6. If time allows, blend the edges of the colors together to create a smooth value change.