United States
Westward Expansion
1803-1853
Acquisition Map
Emerging WEST

5. _______

NORTH

2. ___________________

1.___________________

4._______

7. _____________

3. _________...
Do the following on the Map:
Label the Mississippi River
Draw the Missouri Compromise Line
Label the state of Missouri
Dra...
Fold your
Map like
this:

West

1. Once you
fold your
map, draw
the following
sections on
the back of
the flap
2. Label ea...
Answer the Following Questions:
• What geographical feature is the Eastern
boundary for the emerging West?
• What compromi...
“Manifest Destiny”:
MANIFEST DESTINY=“OBVIOUS FUTURE”: the belief that it was
America’s destiny and responsibility to cont...
Reasons for Expansion
• Political – desire and necessity
• Economic – more land meant more
opportunity to make money
• Soc...
Political Reasons
• Nationalism – Spread democracy from sea to
shining sea because it is the highest form of
government
• ...
Economic Reasons
•

Agriculture – Americans dream of owning their own land and farms
– Frontier land is cheaper and someti...
Social Reasons
• Religious Mission – America was destined by God to
expand to the Pacific and bring with it Christianity

...
Between 1820 and
1850, 4 million People
move West!!!
1. Original 13 Colonies and the United States:
1607-1787
• Key Events:
1. Jamestown 1607
2. Plymouth 1620
3. American Revo...
2. Louisiana Purchase 1803
• Key Events:
1. Jefferson pays France $15
million
2. Lewis and Clark explore
along Missouri Ri...
3. Florida 1819
• Key Events:
1. Seminole Indians
attacking in U.S. and
Slaves escaping to Florida
2. Gen. Jackson invades...
4. Texas Annexation 1845
• Key events:
1. Stephen Austin brings
settlers
2. Texas Revolution and
Republic of Texas (183618...
5. Oregon Country 1846

• Key Events:
1. President Polk promises
to get Oregon = “54 40
or Fight!”
2. Missionaries come to...
6. Mexican Cession 1848
• Key Events:
1. President Polk fights U.S.-Mexican

War ending with the Treaty of
Guadalupe-Hidal...
7. Gadsden Purchase 1853

• Key Events:
1. Bought from Mexico = $10 million

• Why? Build a railroad across desert
SECTIONALISM
Area Geography
•
•
•
•

Mississippi River
Missouri River
Rocky Mountains
Pacific Coast

•
•
•
•
•

•
•
•
•
•

North of the...
The NORTH:
Political Leader :
• Daniel
Webster, Senato
r from
Massachusetts
• Wanted strong
federal
government
Economy:
1.

Factory Economy
and Textile Mills

2.

Labor: Skilled and
unskilled labor(no
slaves)  factory

workers
3.

S...
Religion
• 2nd Great Awakening
• The Church of Jesus
Christ of Latter-Day
Saints (MORMONS)

• Reform comes from
religious ...
Society:
• Large Citiespopulation is on the
rise
• Free Blacks and
European immigrants
• High literacy rates
Intellect
• S...
The WEST:
Political
– Leader: Henry
Clay, Senator from
Kentucky
– Wanted a strong federal
government
– Supported the tarif...
Economy:
• Agriculture
economy
• Free Labor and
some slave
labor
• small farmers
• Ranchers
• Gold mining
(California)
Religion
• Protestant Christianity
• Circuit Riders – Traveling
ministers and preachers
• Revival Meetings
• Mormons trave...
Society and Intellectual
• European
Immigrants
• Families isolated on
farms
• Small, new towns
• No regular law
enforcemen...
The SOUTH:
Political

• Leader: John C.
Calhoun Senator
from South
Carolina

• Did not want strong
federal
government.
• S...
Economy:
• Agriculture
economy, Pla
ntations
• Slave labor
• Very little
factory
industry
• Strongly
opposed the
tariff
Society
• Most wealth belong to
a few plantation
owners
• Slavery
Intellectual
• Few Railroads and
Power lines
• Low liter...
Westward Expansion and Sectionalism
Westward Expansion and Sectionalism
Westward Expansion and Sectionalism
Westward Expansion and Sectionalism
Westward Expansion and Sectionalism
Westward Expansion and Sectionalism
Westward Expansion and Sectionalism
Westward Expansion and Sectionalism
Westward Expansion and Sectionalism
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Westward Expansion and Sectionalism

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Westward Expansion and Sectionalism

  1. 1. United States Westward Expansion 1803-1853
  2. 2. Acquisition Map
  3. 3. Emerging WEST 5. _______ NORTH 2. ___________________ 1.___________________ 4._______ 7. _____________ 3. _____________ SOUTH
  4. 4. Do the following on the Map: Label the Mississippi River Draw the Missouri Compromise Line Label the state of Missouri Draw the line that divides the Northern states from the Southern states and the western area • Label the name of each land acquisition next to each number. • • • • • OUTLINE each acquired territory in a different color.
  5. 5. Fold your Map like this: West 1. Once you fold your map, draw the following sections on the back of the flap 2. Label each section like this North South
  6. 6. Answer the Following Questions: • What geographical feature is the Eastern boundary for the emerging West? • What compromise line determined which states would have slaves and which would not? • Give a reason for settlers wanting to move West. • Give a reason for the conflict over slavery. • What does “sectionalism mean” based on this map?
  7. 7. “Manifest Destiny”: MANIFEST DESTINY=“OBVIOUS FUTURE”: the belief that it was America’s destiny and responsibility to control all of North America, because it was God’s plan. – To spread DEMOCRACY and Christianity to new lands and people – The American People (white) were blessed by God and He had given them all of North America to control and develop. – Anyone already living on the land would have to be removed because it was God’s plan to have white people living there. – There was no stopping this expansion because it was God’s plan MANIFEST DESTINY was achieved in many ways – Treaties, settlement, purchases, and war
  8. 8. Reasons for Expansion • Political – desire and necessity • Economic – more land meant more opportunity to make money • Social – Spread religion and open up more space to live
  9. 9. Political Reasons • Nationalism – Spread democracy from sea to shining sea because it is the highest form of government • National Security – Controlling land up to the Pacific would secure us against other nations • A Place on the World Stage – By expanding we can become more powerful among the nations of the world.
  10. 10. Economic Reasons • Agriculture – Americans dream of owning their own land and farms – Frontier land is cheaper and sometimes free! • Businessmen – Create businesses in newly developing towns and cities in the West. • Unemployment in the East – High unemployment in the cities and job opportunity in the west. • Southern Slave Owners – Plantation land losing fertility, western lands offer new, fertile ground. – More land means more wealth and political power! • Sea Merchants – Controlling Pacific Coast means ability to trade with Pacific countries
  11. 11. Social Reasons • Religious Mission – America was destined by God to expand to the Pacific and bring with it Christianity • White Superiority – God had blessed Americans (White Americans) and whatever needed to be done to expand was acceptable. • Progress – Americans could make better use of the land that those currently living there – We brought God, technology, and civilization • Population – Population was overflowing in the east because of high birth rates and IMMIGRATION
  12. 12. Between 1820 and 1850, 4 million People move West!!!
  13. 13. 1. Original 13 Colonies and the United States: 1607-1787 • Key Events: 1. Jamestown 1607 2. Plymouth 1620 3. American Revolution 1776 4. Treaty of Paris 1783 5. Constitution 1787 • Why? Religious freedom, profit, new life, persecution, slavery, la nd, make money with
  14. 14. 2. Louisiana Purchase 1803 • Key Events: 1. Jefferson pays France $15 million 2. Lewis and Clark explore along Missouri River 3. Sacagawea translates • Why: To control Mississippi River and port of New Orleans for farmers; Find a Waterway to Pacific
  15. 15. 3. Florida 1819 • Key Events: 1. Seminole Indians attacking in U.S. and Slaves escaping to Florida 2. Gen. Jackson invades Florida 3. Adams-Oniz Treaty $5 million • Why? Stop Indian raids, get slaves back, expand the country.
  16. 16. 4. Texas Annexation 1845 • Key events: 1. Stephen Austin brings settlers 2. Texas Revolution and Republic of Texas (18361845) 3. President Polk and Congress annex (add) 1845 • Why? Cotton plantations, spread slavery, more land
  17. 17. 5. Oregon Country 1846 • Key Events: 1. President Polk promises to get Oregon = “54 40 or Fight!” 2. Missionaries come to convert 3. Mountain men create Oregon trail • Why? New life, spread religion, trade, acquire new land.
  18. 18. 6. Mexican Cession 1848 • Key Events: 1. President Polk fights U.S.-Mexican War ending with the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo: $15 million. 2. Gold Rush – 1849  the 49ers 3. Mormons settle Utah 4. California and Santa Fe trail 5. Asian immigrants • Why? Gold, religious freedom, farming & ranching, new life, acquire land that will fulfill Manifest Destiny goal.
  19. 19. 7. Gadsden Purchase 1853 • Key Events: 1. Bought from Mexico = $10 million • Why? Build a railroad across desert
  20. 20. SECTIONALISM
  21. 21. Area Geography • • • • Mississippi River Missouri River Rocky Mountains Pacific Coast • • • • • • • • • • North of the Ohio River Mississippi River South of the Great Lakes Atlantic Coast Appalachian Mountains South of the Ohio River Appalachian Mountains Mississippi River Texas Gulf and Atlantic Coast
  22. 22. The NORTH: Political Leader : • Daniel Webster, Senato r from Massachusetts • Wanted strong federal government
  23. 23. Economy: 1. Factory Economy and Textile Mills 2. Labor: Skilled and unskilled labor(no slaves)  factory workers 3. Strongly supported the tariff 4. Trade and Commerce
  24. 24. Religion • 2nd Great Awakening • The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (MORMONS) • Reform comes from religious beliefs of caring for community
  25. 25. Society: • Large Citiespopulation is on the rise • Free Blacks and European immigrants • High literacy rates Intellect • Spread of Knowledge • Railroads and Electrical lines throughout • Steam Power
  26. 26. The WEST: Political – Leader: Henry Clay, Senator from Kentucky – Wanted a strong federal government – Supported the tariff – Want more roads and canals
  27. 27. Economy: • Agriculture economy • Free Labor and some slave labor • small farmers • Ranchers • Gold mining (California)
  28. 28. Religion • Protestant Christianity • Circuit Riders – Traveling ministers and preachers • Revival Meetings • Mormons travel to Utah to escape persecution.
  29. 29. Society and Intellectual • European Immigrants • Families isolated on farms • Small, new towns • No regular law enforcement • Women worked especially hard • One-room school houses
  30. 30. The SOUTH: Political • Leader: John C. Calhoun Senator from South Carolina • Did not want strong federal government. • Supported State’s Rights
  31. 31. Economy: • Agriculture economy, Pla ntations • Slave labor • Very little factory industry • Strongly opposed the tariff
  32. 32. Society • Most wealth belong to a few plantation owners • Slavery Intellectual • Few Railroads and Power lines • Low literacy rates
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