The era of good feelings


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  • The era of good feelings

    1. 1. • A time of great American Nationalism and pride in the country. • People became patriotic and were willing to do what needed to be done to make improvements in the nation. And the “Era of Good Feelings”
    2. 2. Impact of the War of 1812 • America gained worldwide respect for standing up to the British. • European rulers realized they could not interfere with American trade. • The Great lakes became shared property with Canada. • Helped strengthen the economy of the US. • Northeastern manufacturing increased. • To encourage more economic growth, the government placed a tariff on imported goods making American products more competitive with imported goods.
    3. 3. Political Parties down to one • This was a period when all Americans belonged to one party, “The DemocraticRepublicans”. • Federalists did not support the War of 1812 • By the end of the war, the Federalist party had become so unpopular that the party dissolved.
    4. 4. Henry Clay’s “American System” • Americans cooperated to improve transportation routes , building roads and canals. • Henry Clay proposes a system to get this done. • High tax on imports to protect American manufactured goods from competing with cheaper British products. • The tax money collected by the government could then be used to pay for new roads, canals, and transportation systems.
    5. 5. Did it Work? • Clay hoped that this idea would help to join the industrial east with the farmers in the west. • Congress never adequately funded the programs for national improvement. • Arguments about funding kept the idea from moving forward.
    6. 6. The Erie Canal (1832) • New York State decides to fund and build a 360 mile canal from Lake Erie to the Hudson River. • This would improve transportation of goods and people. • They called it “The Great Ditch” because it was 40 feet wide, and 4 feet deep. • It was an important modification of the environment. It took 7 years to build.
    7. 7. Erie, Oswego, and Champlain Canals
    8. 8. Effects of the Erie Canal • In 1825 the canal was completed. • Barges were pulled by mules through the canals. • Cities along the route grew and prospered. • Western farmers could send goods down the Hudson River, cheaper and faster. • New York City becomes the nation’s largest city.
    9. 9. Mules are used to pull barges through the canal.
    10. 10. The Transportation Revolution • Other cities followed New York’s example and began building their own canals. • As more people moved west, private companies opened special roads called “Turnpikes”. • The Steam Boat, invented by Robert Fulton in 1807, changes water transportation. • Steam power becomes more dependable than wind.
    11. 11. Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) Ogden 1. Granted permission to run a steamboat from New York to New Jersey. Gibbons 1. Wanted the same permission to run a steamboat between NY and NJ. 2. Ogden wanted this monopoly and 2. Gibbons appeals to the Supreme sued to keep Gibbons from competing Court to make a decision. with him Supreme Court Decision: The constitution states that the federal government controls interstate commerce (trade between the states), therefore, Gibbons was given the license. This established the governments right to regulate anything that involves commerce between the states.
    12. 12. The Purchase of Florida • The border between Spanish colonial territory and the US with Spain were tense. • Spain feared losing Florida without compensation. • Spain made a deal with the USA and sold Florida for $5 million . • In return the USA agreed to recognize Spanish rule over Texas.
    13. 13. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) • Maryland tries to tax the national bank . • Maryland did not like that it had to compete with the national bank. • Supreme Court rules that Congress has the right to charter a bank in order to “carry out its powers” (elastic clause) • Maryland had no right to interfere by taxing it.
    14. 14. Th Co e M m isso pr om uri ise • The Missouri line divides the Northern States from the Southern States • The Northern states are “Free States” the Southern states are “Slave States”. No Slaves in the Louisiana Territory. • To keep the balance, Missouri becomes a slave state and Maine become a free state.
    15. 15. The Monroe Doctrine • Many Latin American Colonies declaring independence from European Countries • James Monroe gave a WARNING!!!!! • No European country can take back or establish colonies in the western hemisphere. – North and South America.