A time of great
and pride in the country.
People became patriotic
and were willing to do
what needed to be done
to make improvements in
And the “Era of
Impact of the War of 1812
• America gained worldwide respect for standing up to the
• European rulers realized they could not interfere with
• The Great lakes became shared property with Canada.
• Helped strengthen the economy of the US.
• Northeastern manufacturing increased.
• To encourage more economic growth, the government
placed a tariff on imported goods making American
products more competitive with imported goods.
Political Parties down to one
• This was a period when all Americans
belonged to one party, “The DemocraticRepublicans”.
• Federalists did not support the War of 1812
• By the end of the war, the Federalist party
had become so unpopular that the party
Americans cooperated to improve transportation
routes , building roads and canals.
Henry Clay proposes a system to get this done.
High tax on imports to protect American
manufactured goods from competing with cheaper
The tax money collected by the government could
then be used to pay for new roads, canals, and
Did it Work?
Clay hoped that this idea
would help to join the
industrial east with the farmers
in the west.
Congress never adequately
funded the programs for
Arguments about funding
kept the idea from moving
The Erie Canal (1832)
• New York State decides to fund and build a 360
mile canal from Lake Erie to the Hudson River.
• This would improve transportation of goods and
• They called it “The Great Ditch” because it was
40 feet wide, and 4 feet deep.
• It was an important modification of the
environment. It took 7 years to build.
Effects of the Erie Canal
• In 1825 the canal was completed.
• Barges were pulled by mules through the
• Cities along the route grew and
• Western farmers could send goods down
the Hudson River, cheaper and faster.
• New York City becomes the nation’s
Mules are used to pull barges through the
The Transportation Revolution
• Other cities followed New York’s example and
began building their own canals.
• As more people moved west, private companies
opened special roads called “Turnpikes”.
• The Steam Boat, invented by Robert Fulton in
1807, changes water transportation.
• Steam power becomes more dependable than
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
1. Granted permission to run a
steamboat from New York to New
1. Wanted the same permission to run a
steamboat between NY and NJ.
2. Ogden wanted this monopoly and
2. Gibbons appeals to the Supreme
sued to keep Gibbons from competing
Court to make a decision.
Supreme Court Decision: The constitution states that the federal
government controls interstate commerce (trade between the
states), therefore, Gibbons was given the license. This established
the governments right to regulate anything that involves commerce
between the states.
The Purchase of Florida
• The border between Spanish colonial territory
and the US with Spain were tense.
• Spain feared losing Florida without
• Spain made a deal with the USA and sold
Florida for $5 million .
• In return the USA agreed to recognize Spanish
rule over Texas.
McCulloch v. Maryland
• Maryland tries to tax the national bank
• Maryland did not like that it had to
compete with the national bank.
• Supreme Court rules that Congress has
the right to charter a bank in order to
“carry out its powers” (elastic clause)
• Maryland had no right to interfere by
Co e M
• The Missouri line divides the Northern States
from the Southern States
• The Northern states are “Free States” the
Southern states are “Slave States”. No Slaves
in the Louisiana Territory.
• To keep the balance, Missouri becomes a
slave state and Maine become a free state.
Many Latin American
James Monroe gave a
No European country can
take back or establish
colonies in the western
– North and South America.