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  • 1. SECTIONALISM
  • 2. The NORTH: Political • Leader: Daniel Webster, Senator from Massachusetts • Wanted strong federal government
  • 3. Economy: 1. Factory Economy and Textile Mills 2. Labor: Skilled and unskilled labor(no slaves)  factory workers 3. Strongly supported the tariff 4. Trade and Commerce
  • 4. Religion • 2nd Great Awakening • The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (MORMONS) • Reform comes from religious beliefs of caring for community
  • 5. Society: • Large Cities- population is on the rise • Free Blacks and European immigrants • High literacy rates Intellect • Spread of Knowledge • Railroads and Electrical lines throughout • Steam Power
  • 6. The WEST: Political 1. Leader: Henry Clay, Senator from Kentucky 2. Wanted a strong federal government 3. Supported the tariff 4. Want more roads and canals
  • 7. Economy: • Agriculture economy • Free Labor and some slave labor • small farmers • Ranchers • Gold mining (California)
  • 8. Religion • Protestant Christianity • Circuit Riders – Traveling ministers and preachers • Revival Meetings • Mormons travel to Utah to escape persecution.
  • 9. Society and Intellectual Social • European Immigrants • Families isolated on farms • Small, new towns • No regular law enforcement • Women worked especially hard Intellectual: • One-room school houses • New Farming Technology
  • 10. The SOUTH: Political • Leader: John C. Calhoun Senator from South Carolina • Did not want strong federal government. • Supported State’s Rights
  • 11. Economy: • Agriculture economy, Plantations • Slave labor • Very little factory industry • Strongly opposed the tariff
  • 12. Society • Most wealth belong to a few plantation owners • Slavery • Few Railroads and Power lines Intellectual • Low literacy rates • Private tutors for the wealthy
  • 13. Area Geography • • • • Mississippi River Missouri River Rocky Mountains Pacific Coast • • • • • • • • • • North of the Ohio River Mississippi River South of the Great Lakes Atlantic Coast Appalachian Mountains South of the Ohio River Appalachian Mountains Mississippi River Texas Gulf and Atlantic Coast