Rebuilding the Nation
Key Questions:
• How do should the South be brought back to the
Union?
• How will the South be rebuilt after its destructi...
Presidential Plans for
Reconstruction:
Lincoln vs. Johnson
Abraham Lincoln’s Plan
• Once a Southern State
– Had 10% of voters took oath of
allegiance to the Union
– Ratified the 13t...
Andrew Johnson’s Plan
• From Tennessee, a border state
and Vice President to Lincoln
• Sympathetic to poor southern
whites...
Congress’ Plan for Reconstruction:
The Radical Republicans
• Reconstruction Act 1867
– Established military rule over
Conf...
Bringing Freedmen into
American society.
Freedman’s Bureau 1865
• Established by Congress.
• Helped freedmen with
food, clothing, and
medicine.
• Searched for lost...
Civil War Amendments: Free Citizens Vote
• 13th Amendment:
• 14th Amendment:
• 15th Amendment:
The Aftermath of Reconstruction:
Did it work?
The New Republican South
• Carpetbaggers Northerners who went to Southern
states to be apart of the new state governments
...
Sharecropping: ECONOMIC SLAVERY
• Done to keep plantation farming alive
without slavery
• Plantation owner would provide t...
The Ku Klux Klan
• Ku Klux Klan- formed
by ex-Confederate
soldiers.
• Secret, terrorist
designed to create
fear on African...
The Black Codes
• Laws passed by Southern States. Based on
older slave laws.
• To preserve traditional southern society
de...
Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
• Congress already wanted
him gone for some time
• Congress passed the
Tenure of Office Act ...
The “New South”
• A modern, industrial South has been born!
• Moved away from plantation culture since
slave labor no long...
Reconstruction
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Reconstruction

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Reconstruction

  1. 1. Rebuilding the Nation
  2. 2. Key Questions: • How do should the South be brought back to the Union? • How will the South be rebuilt after its destruction during the war? • How will all the newly freed slaves be integrated into American society? • Which branch of government should control the process of Reconstruction?
  3. 3. Presidential Plans for Reconstruction: Lincoln vs. Johnson
  4. 4. Abraham Lincoln’s Plan • Once a Southern State – Had 10% of voters took oath of allegiance to the Union – Ratified the 13th amendment • It could rejoin the Union and send representatives to Congress
  5. 5. Andrew Johnson’s Plan • From Tennessee, a border state and Vice President to Lincoln • Sympathetic to poor southern whites. • Pardoned many rebel leaders. • Recognized newly formed state governments in the South. • Did not support full legal rights for freedmen • Believed the President to run Reconstruction
  6. 6. Congress’ Plan for Reconstruction: The Radical Republicans • Reconstruction Act 1867 – Established military rule over Confederate States and Divides the Confederate States into 5 military districts • Rad. Republicans wanted strict requirements and punishment for the South
  7. 7. Bringing Freedmen into American society.
  8. 8. Freedman’s Bureau 1865 • Established by Congress. • Helped freedmen with food, clothing, and medicine. • Searched for lost family members, made marriages legal, and dealt with civil rights issues. • Opened schools for children and adults • Registered freedmen for voting
  9. 9. Civil War Amendments: Free Citizens Vote • 13th Amendment: • 14th Amendment: • 15th Amendment:
  10. 10. The Aftermath of Reconstruction: Did it work?
  11. 11. The New Republican South • Carpetbaggers Northerners who went to Southern states to be apart of the new state governments • More than 700,000 new freedmen voters • Hiram Rhodes Revels elected Senator from Mississippi along with 2,ooo other blacks elected to public office • Republican leaders elected throughout the South – Established schools, hospitals, roads, and railroads. Banned racial discrimination
  12. 12. Sharecropping: ECONOMIC SLAVERY • Done to keep plantation farming alive without slavery • Plantation owner would provide the land, tools, and materials to a freedman to work. • The freedman would give a share of his crop to the plantation owner as payment • It developed into a new form of oppression of the freedman Many sharecroppers were also poor white farmers.
  13. 13. The Ku Klux Klan • Ku Klux Klan- formed by ex-Confederate soldiers. • Secret, terrorist designed to create fear on African Americans • Bombing, lynching, murder, arson, rape, etc…
  14. 14. The Black Codes • Laws passed by Southern States. Based on older slave laws. • To preserve traditional southern society despite the abolition of slavery. • Examples: – Illegal for freedmen to hold public office. – Illegal to travel freely, to serve on a juries. – Freedmen without jobs can be fined or jailed. – Voting Tax and Literacy test before able to vote.
  15. 15. Impeachment of Andrew Johnson • Congress already wanted him gone for some time • Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act which barred Johnson from firing is Cabinet • Johnson fired his Sect. of War and Congress impeached him • He survived the dismissal vote by one!
  16. 16. The “New South” • A modern, industrial South has been born! • Moved away from plantation culture since slave labor no longer existed. • Northerners came to the South to help rebuild, put in new rail lines and develop new industries including cotton and steel mills. • Urban Industrialization begins
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