Andrew Jackson the Common Man's President

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Andrew Jackson the Common Man's President

  1. 1. Andrew Jackson: The Common Man’s President
  2. 2. Andrew Jackson: Man of the Common Man • Andrew Jackson was a SELF-MADE man – He grew up poor with his two brothers and single mother (His father died) – Loved sports, hot-tempered, liked to have fun • He went to work for a law firm to learn how to be a lawyer, he didn’t go to college • Bought land and slaves, became plantation owner • He was a military general and became a national hero at the Battle of New Orleans • He entered politics when he was about 30 yrs old as a Representative and a Senator
  3. 3. Where Jackson grew up Battle of New Orleans
  4. 4. Jackson’s Style of President: The Spoil’s System • Jackson believed that changing the people in government jobs would be more democratic and fair • Jackson replaced many of the Republicans in the government with his loyal Democratic supporters – People who had given money to his campaign – Loyal friends – Democratic Party members that worked hard during his campaign. • His opponents said Jackson was abusing his power and playing favorites by picking his friends and supporters. – Jackson was not picking the best person for the job
  5. 5. Jackson’s Style of President: The Kitchen Cabinet • Jackson would go to his trusted friends and political supporters for advise on how to run the government, instead of his official cabinet – They met in the White House kitchen so they were known as the “kitchen cabinet” • The Republicans felt that Jackson was getting poor advise and would made bad decisions for the country because of it.
  6. 6. The Nullification Crisis • In 1828 Congress passed a law increasing TARIFFS to help the growth of American manufacturing • Southern states felt the tariff was unfair – It played favorites with Northern states and hurt the South which was unconstitutional • John C. Calhoun wanted to NULLIFY the law • Andrew Jackson tried to work with the South and signed a law that lowered the tariff in 1832
  7. 7. The Nullification Crisis • It was not enough for John C. Calhoun, so he and South Carolina threatened to SECEDE if the national government tried to enforce the tariff laws • Jackson was furious at the threat and asked Congress to pass the Force Bill which would give him the right to use the Army to enforce the tariff • John C. Calhoun and South Carolina backed down and accepted the lower tariffs
  8. 8. One step more and it will be within my grasp! A glorious prize, how bright it looks. Keep steady my friend you shall be exalted! A little farther Cal!! And we are safe. Stop! You have gone too far. Or by the Eternal, I’ll hang you all! I tell you what neighbor, I won’t stand it, they are putting too much on us. We must bear the burden, brother.
  9. 9. Jackson and the United States Bank • The bank was needing to be renewed in 1836 • As the President of the Common man, Andrew Jackson distrusted the Bank of the United States and set out to “slay the monster” – He vetoed a bill from Congress to renew the bank in 1832 – He took out all the money the government had deposited in the bank and put it into state banks • The banks charter expired in 1836 and it closed down
  10. 10. Indian Removal Act • Land-Hungry Whites go west (southern cotton plantation owners). • Gold is found in Georgia. Georgia tries to force the Cherokee out of land. • In 1830 Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act which forced the tribes to move from the South to Indian territory in Oklahoma
  11. 11. Supreme Court Worcester v. Georgia Samuel Worcester John Ross • Cherokee take their case to Supreme Court in 1831 • Worcester v. Georgia  Chief Justice John Marshal rules in favor of Cherokee. Georgia can’t force them to move out.
  12. 12. Trail of Tears • Jackson ignores the Supreme Court ruling and sends the army to Georgia. • The Creek and the Cherokee resisted until they were removed by force • In 1838, the U.S. Army was used to remove 17,000 Cherokee from their lands in Georgia – They were not given time to get their things together – They were forced by the troops into holding pens to be held like animals
  13. 13. Trail of Tears • They were then forced to walk about 1,000 miles to Indian Territory. • 4,000 of them died from starvation, disease , injuries, and exhaustion.

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