Abolition Movement


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Abolition Movement

  1. 1. Abolition Movement Ideas and Leaders
  2. 2. The daily life of slaves. • Living Conditions – large families in one-room cabins; unbalanced diets, no running water or poor sanitation • Some slaves became artisans • Allowed to marry and have children • Many subjected to Cruel Punishments and denied basic human rights • Could be sold and separated from family at anytime.
  3. 3. Nat Turner’s Rebellion • August 1831 in Southampton County, Virginia • Nat Turner, a black religious leader led 70-75 slaves on attack • They killed 60 whites, including men, women, and children • Spread fear among slave owners – States passed stricter laws controlling activities of free and enslaved blacks
  4. 4. ABOLITION when a law or a system is officially ended • Principles behind Abolition Movement o Political – “All men are created equal” o Religious – equal in the eyes of God • Abolitionists wanted the immediate, emancipation of all slaves. • Involved men and women
  5. 5. Who Were the Abolitionists?
  6. 6. Frederick Douglas • Escaped from slavery at age 20 • Wrote 3 autobiographies • Published anti-slavery newspaper, The North Star • Toured the North giving speeches and appearing at public anti-slavery events. • Supported Women’s Rights Movement Frederick Douglass
  7. 7. William Lloyd Garrison • From Boston • Published The Liberator, 1831 • Organized New England Anti-Slavery Society, 1832 • Went to Europe to gain support for abolition • Saw slavery as morally wrong
  8. 8. Harriet Beecher Stowe • Born into a religious family of Abolitionists • Wrote the book, Uncle Tom’s Cabin in 1853 after meeting runaway slaves and hearing their experiences • Book was a best seller that made many Americans aware of the evils of slavery
  9. 9. John Quincy Adams • In 1836, Congress passes the GAG RULE – preventing any bills restricting or ending slavery • Q. Adams fought against the gag rule calling it unconstitutional. • The gag rule was finally suspended in 1844
  10. 10. Harriet Tubman • Most famous “Conductor” of the Underground Railroad • After escaping herself, she made 19 separate trips back to the South and helped about 300 slaves escape to freedom – She was called “Mama Moses” • She served as a spy for the Union during the Civil War
  11. 11. Underground Railroad • Secret network of abolitionists who worked together to help runaway slaves reach freedom in the North or in Canada • Runaways would travel 10-20 miles before they reached the next “station” which would be houses, barns, or cellars of white or free black people who chose to help them escape. • They would be helped along the routes by people like Harriet Tubman, called “conductors”