Chapter 7: Patterns of Academic Thought<br />212:189<br />
Patterns: A Focus for Reading<br />Thought patterns: patterns of ideas<br />Commonly used though patterns include:<br />De...
The Definition Pattern<br />Term: The word or phrase [Cardigan]<br />General Class: What is it in one word?[Clothing]<br /...
The Classification Patterns<br />Categories<br />Transitions for classification<br />Several kinds of…<br />Numerous types...
The Order or Sequence Pattern<br />Chronology<br />Chronological order: events occur in time.<br />Concerned with interpre...
Process, Importance, and Spatial<br />Process<br />Focus on steps and stages by which actions are accomplished<br />Order ...
The Cause and Effect Pattern<br />A relationship between 2 or more actions, events, or occurrences that are connected in t...
The Comparison and Contrast Pattern<br />Comparison is used to emphasize or discuss similarities between or among ideas, t...
Listing and Enumeration Pattern<br />Details arranged in an order.<br />Think bullet points, but without the bullets.<br /...
OTHER<br />Most written works are mixed patterns, using one or more at a time.<br />Statement and Clarification/General Sp...
Chapter 8: Reading and Evaluating Graphics and Online Sources<br />212:189<br />
How to Read Graphics<br />Read the title or caption<br />Determine how the graph is organized<br />Note any symbols or abb...
Types of Graphics: Tables<br />Comparison and Classification of information<br />Determine how the data are classified or ...
Types of Graphics: Graphs<br />Relationships among variables<br />Line graphs pg. 227-8<br />Increases, decreases<br />Cir...
Types of Graphics: Maps<br />Physical Relationships<br />Read the caption<br />Use the legend or key to identify the symbo...
Understanding Visuals<br />Cartoons<br />Add humor, can make abstract ideas concrete<br />Photos: visual impressions<br />...
How to Read Online<br />Focus on your purpose<br />Spend a few minutes discovering how the site is organized<br />Expect t...
Evaluating Internet Sources<br />Discover the purpose<br />Evaluate the content<br />Is it appropriate?<br />Who are the p...
Evaluating Internet Sources<br />Evaluate accuracy and timeliness<br />Is the authors name and credentials provided?<br />...
Avoiding Plagiarism<br />If you copy word for word, like copy and paste, you must cite and have a reference.<br />Make not...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Chapter 7 and 8

588 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
588
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
25
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 7 and 8

  1. 1. Chapter 7: Patterns of Academic Thought<br />212:189<br />
  2. 2. Patterns: A Focus for Reading<br />Thought patterns: patterns of ideas<br />Commonly used though patterns include:<br />Definition<br />Classification<br />Order or Sequence<br />Cause and Effect<br />Compare and Contrast<br />Listing/enumeration (numbering)<br />Patterns provide a focus for reading by allowing you to anticipate the author’s thought development.<br />Patterns help you remember and recall what you read (groups, chunks).<br />Patterns are useful in your own writing.<br />
  3. 3. The Definition Pattern<br />Term: The word or phrase [Cardigan]<br />General Class: What is it in one word?[Clothing]<br />Distinguishing characteristics [woven, sweater, warm, buttons, top]<br />A cardigan is a piece of clothing worn by men and women. It is a sweater, often woven, used to keep warn. It usually has buttons down the front<br />HORSE<br />
  4. 4. The Classification Patterns<br />Categories<br />Transitions for classification<br />Several kinds of…<br />Numerous types of…<br />Classified as…<br />Composed of…<br />Comprise…<br />One type of….<br />Another type of…<br />Finally, …<br />
  5. 5. The Order or Sequence Pattern<br />Chronology<br />Chronological order: events occur in time.<br />Concerned with interpretation of events in the past.<br />First, then, before, during, by the time, while, afterward, as, after, thereafter, meanwhile, at that point<br />
  6. 6. Process, Importance, and Spatial<br />Process<br />Focus on steps and stages by which actions are accomplished<br />Order of Importance<br />From most to least important<br />From least to most important<br />Spatial order<br />Physical location<br />Near/Far, Right/Left, Up/Down<br />
  7. 7. The Cause and Effect Pattern<br />A relationship between 2 or more actions, events, or occurrences that are connected in time.<br />Information organized in cause and effect patterns may:<br />Explain causes, sources, reasons, motivations, and actions.<br />Explain the effect, result, or consequence of a particular action.<br />Explain both causes and effects.<br />Cause Words: Because, due to, one cause is…, another is…, since, for, first, second<br />Effect words: consequently, as a result, thus, resulted in, one result is…, another is…, therefore<br />
  8. 8. The Comparison and Contrast Pattern<br />Comparison is used to emphasize or discuss similarities between or among ideas, theories, concepts, events and things.<br />Contrast is used to emphasize or discuss differences.<br />
  9. 9. Listing and Enumeration Pattern<br />Details arranged in an order.<br />Think bullet points, but without the bullets.<br />Often uses number words: first, second, primarily.<br />
  10. 10. OTHER<br />Most written works are mixed patterns, using one or more at a time.<br />Statement and Clarification/General Specific<br />Summaries<br />Generalization and Example<br />Addition<br />
  11. 11. Chapter 8: Reading and Evaluating Graphics and Online Sources<br />212:189<br />
  12. 12. How to Read Graphics<br />Read the title or caption<br />Determine how the graph is organized<br />Note any symbols or abbreviations used<br />Determine the scale or unit of measurement<br />Identify the trends, patterns, relationships the graphic is intended to show.<br />Read the footnotes<br />Check the source.<br />
  13. 13. Types of Graphics: Tables<br />Comparison and Classification of information<br />Determine how the data are classified or divided<br />Make comparisons and look for trends<br />Draw conclusions<br />Pg. 226 # 8-3<br />
  14. 14. Types of Graphics: Graphs<br />Relationships among variables<br />Line graphs pg. 227-8<br />Increases, decreases<br />Circle graphs/pie charts pg. 228-9<br />Relationships in percentages to parts of a whole<br />Bar graphs pg. 229-30<br />Comparisons between quantities/amounts<br />Diagrams pg. 231<br />Explanation of a process, usually in pictures<br />
  15. 15. Types of Graphics: Maps<br />Physical Relationships<br />Read the caption<br />Use the legend or key to identify the symbols or codes used.<br />Note distance scales<br />Study the map looking for trends or key points<br />Try to visualize or create a mental picture of the map<br />As a learning and study aid, write-in your own words, a statement of what the map shows.<br />Pg. 232<br />
  16. 16. Understanding Visuals<br />Cartoons<br />Add humor, can make abstract ideas concrete<br />Photos: visual impressions<br />A picture speaks a 1,000 words<br />Pg. 234-5<br />
  17. 17. How to Read Online<br />Focus on your purpose<br />Spend a few minutes discovering how the site is organized<br />Expect the first screen to grab your attention and make a main point<br />Get used to the site’s design before obtaining information<br />Consider the order in which you want to take in information<br />Expect shorter, less detailed sentences and paragraphs<br />
  18. 18. Evaluating Internet Sources<br />Discover the purpose<br />Evaluate the content<br />Is it appropriate?<br />Who are the people involved?<br />Is it technical enough? Sophisticated?<br />How is it presented?<br />Where do the links go to? Are these good sources?<br />
  19. 19. Evaluating Internet Sources<br />Evaluate accuracy and timeliness<br />Is the authors name and credentials provided?<br />Is contact information included<br />Is the info complete or a summary?<br />If the opinions are offered, are the presented as opinions?<br />Are there assumptions or misconceptions<br />Does the sire provide a list of works cited?<br />What is the date listed on the site?<br />
  20. 20. Avoiding Plagiarism<br />If you copy word for word, like copy and paste, you must cite and have a reference.<br />Make notes of what you read and use as you read and use it.<br />Write paraphrases without looking at the original text. Not memorized! Remember, tell it to grandma.<br />

×