Ch 2 and 3

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Ch 2 and 3

  1. 1. Chapter 2: Fundamental Comprehension Skills<br />212:189<br />Fall 2011<br />
  2. 2. Locating Main Ideas and Supporting Details<br />Finding the main idea<br />Paragraph: a group of related ideas<br />Topic: the common subject or idea<br />Topic Sentence: expresses the main idea<br />Usually the first sentence, but can be found elsewhere<br />Finding implied main ideas<br />What is the one thing the author is discussing throughout the whole paragraph?<br />What does the writer want you to know?<br />
  3. 3. The Pattern of Texts<br />
  4. 4. Adjusting Rate to Meet Comprehension<br />Assess the difficulty.<br />Assess your familiarity and interest in the subject.<br />Define your purpose for reading.<br />Decide what follow-up activity is required.<br />
  5. 5. Reading Selectively<br />Searching for specific information.<br />A high level of comprehension is not needed.<br />Youa re familiar with the text.<br />The material does not match your purpose.<br />The writer’s style allows you to skip information.<br />
  6. 6. Chapter 3: Essential Vocabulary Skills<br />212:189<br />Fall 2011<br />
  7. 7. Techniques<br />Use the new words you have learned.<br />Acquire the necessary tools…<br />Dictionary<br />Subject Dictionary<br />Thesaurus<br />
  8. 8. System for Learning Vocabulary<br />Whenever you hear or read a new word, write it down.<br />Write each word on the front of an index card.<br />Write the definition and 3 synonyms and 3 antonyms on the back.<br />Go through them: on the bus, on the plane, in between classes, during commercials.<br />After you have gone through them, separate out known words and set them aside.<br />Use the words often.<br />
  9. 9. Types of Context Clues<br />Definition or synonym <br />Often within () or ,,<br />Example clues<br />Contrast clues; antonyms<br />Inference clues<br />
  10. 10. Word Parts<br />In most cases, a word is built on a least one root/free morpheme<br />Words can have more than one affix/bound morphemes or roots<br />Two roots: transmit, geology<br />2 prefixes: insubordination<br />2 suffixes beautifully<br />Words do not always have both affixes, a prefix and a suffix<br />Neither: read<br />Suffix but no prefix: reading<br />Prefix but no suffix: pre-read<br />Roots may change in spelling as they combine with affixes<br />arid, arable<br />Sometimes a group of letters can be confused as a prefix or affix when it is not.<br />Internal, missile<br />
  11. 11. Affixes and Roots<br />Common Prefixes: Pg. 86<br />Common Roots: Pg. 87<br />Common Suffixes: pg. 89<br />
  12. 12. Using Word Mapping to Expand Your Vocabulary<br />Write the sentence containing the word at the top of the map.<br />Look the word up in the dictionary.<br />Write part of speech<br />Study the entry for other meanings.<br />Find 2 synonyms<br />Analyze for affixes and roots<br />Write it in 2 sentences<br />Include other information: history, idioms, etc.<br />Pg. 93<br />

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