An approach to academic writing
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An approach to academic writing

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From Swales, J. and Feak, C/ Academic Writing for graduate Students. 2nd Ed.

From Swales, J. and Feak, C/ Academic Writing for graduate Students. 2nd Ed.

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An approach to academic writing An approach to academic writing Presentation Transcript

  • An Approach to Academic Writing
    212:190
    Fall 2011
  • Audience
    Audience reflects WHO you are writing to/for.
    Who are the people I am trying to communicate with?
    Who will be interested in the research I am doing?
    What is the most interesting thing about the topic?
    If the audience I am writing for is not interested in my topic, what should I do to get their interest?
    Will everyone in my audience agree with what I have to say?
    What counter-arguments should I be prepared to answer?
  • Audience
    Group Work Passage
    Compare and contrast the two passages from Cinderella. Answer the questions with your group.
  • Purpose and Strategy
    Purpose
    What do you hope to accomplish?
    Argumentative  Prove yourself right.
    Strategy
    How are you planning on completing your goal?
    Argumentative, Persuasive, Expository, Narrative
    Academic paper, technical paper, news article, literature review, experimentation
  • Organization
    Problem-Solution (pg. 14)1.     Description of a situation2.     Identification of a problem3.     Description of a solution4.     Evaluation of a solution
    Other organizational patterns we will talk about later:
    Compare and Contrast
    Cause and Effect
    Classification
  • Style and Language Choice
    Whenever possible, chose a single verb, rather than a phrasal verb or a prepositional verb.
    Chose more formal language
    Avoid contractions
    Use more concise negatives (avoid DO)
    The analysis didn't yield any new results.
    The analysis yielded no new results.
    Avoid run-ons
    so on
    and so forth
    etc.
    Avoid pronouns
    You can see the results in Table 1.
    The results can be seen in Table 1.
    Avoid questions!!!
    Place adverbs within the verb (they shouldn't hang out at the end of a phrase or clause).
    Split infinitives should be avoided, but are not banned.
    Aim for efficient use of words (less is more!)
  • Style and Language Choice
    Word Choice/ToneAdjust the language to achieve an academic tone.1. A huge number of people have been really upset with Bush over the events of the Iraqi war.2. Rents have skyrocketed in the last couple of years and the situation isn't going to change for a while, probably.3. Nobody was crazy about the drawings submitted for the World Trade Center site, so they kept the competition open a little bit longer.4. We can solve the problem by just switching a few elements around.5. The research proposal was turned down because the research would have required lots of money.From:MIT Open Courseware
  • HW
    Read AW Pgs. 24-43 due W 9/7
    Journal Entry 1 due on PB works by 10pm FRIDAY
    NO CLASS MONDAY-LABOR DAY