Jackie
Narbeh
Stella
Mireya




Jackie/ Narbeh/
Mireya
                                           Status:
                                           Married (second time)...
750 cm
                                      600 cm            150 cm
           600 cm




                              ...
Rosa




Jackie/ Narbeh/
“I like to decorate. I
                         Rosa
like to keep my house
                         Status:
              ...
750 cm
                                     600 cm            180 cm
          600 cm




                                ...
Luis




Jackie/ Narbeh/
“I leave my door        Luis
          open because I like     Status:

          to see passing by
                      ...
600 cm   150 cm
                   150 cm

          600 cm




                                              Luis’Layout
...
This week, Mireya
                  will use all of
                  these containers.




Jackie/ Narbeh/
“I am tired...It’s
laundry day and I just
got started.”                              Containing
                          ...
Space:
A mediagua is 10x20 ft




Space:
The average mediagua
houses 4 people




Contamination:
 Children in poor
environ...
Space:
A mediagua is 10x12 ft       Conserving space is a key issue




Space:                       Containers are not al...
store
                       reuse
                       bathe
                       toss
                       spray
 ...
Reduce in scale for personal use, and then..




                    ..increase for household chores




  Jackie/ Narbeh/
Task Analysis : laundry
                   past present                                                future
reality     ...
What if...?




              Tools were consolidated

              Use one container to accomplish all steps

          ...
The            The market currently offers several
                   options for foldable and collapsible
               ...
Enclosure




Mireya must walk outside
to her front yard every
time she wants a cup of
tea.
Jackie/ Narbeh/
Enclosure
                                              Space/ Convenience




“The new house will
have everything there.....
Areas

                                                      Outdoors
Bedroom                 Bedroom                     ...
Areas

                                                     Outdoors
                                                     ...
Seasons & Behavior
              winter
                        cold



                        rain



                  ...
Seasons & Behavior
             winter            impacts
                               insulate homes with materials at ...
Seasons & Behavior
             winter            impacts                                         issues
                 ...
Seasons & Behavior
                            summer
                            heat



                            wate...
Seasons & Behavior
                  impacts                                   summer
                  maximize airflow t...
Seasons & Behavior
                  issues                                        impacts                                ...
What if...?




              ...There is a centralized water storage in the top of the house that
              allows to...
Centralization
                                              Optimization/ Consolidation




“Doing dishes is a
problem......
Doing laundry involves takes the entire day and..




   ..uses components which are all around the
house.



  Jackie/ Na...
4


                                       clean water storage
                                       dirty water

       ...
clean water storage
                                     dirty water

                                     Laundry path
  ...
clean water storage
                                            dirty water

                                            d...
clean water storage
                                    dirty water

                                    dish washing path...
Task Analysis : dishes
                   past present                                               future
reality       ...
What if...?




              ...water was located throughout house instead of in front yard?
              ...there was a...
Bathing




Mireya wakes up everyday
at 6:30 a.m. to prepare bath
water for her
children before school.
Bathing
                                             Efficiency/ Seasons/




“I wake up to prepare
the bath water so they...
This is what a warm bath looks like..




                             ..at Mireya’ house.
                               ...
clean water storage
               dirty water

               Toilet path
               1. Getting water from containers...
clean water storage
                          dirty water
                2   5/6

                          Toilet path
 ...
Water Use:
15-25 gallons of water is
used in the average five-
minute shower. -EPA



Time:
It takes approximately
3-9 min...
Water Use:
15-25 gallons of water is       Bathing is a water-intensive activity.
used in the average five-
minute shower....
Task Analysis : bathing


                   past present                                              future
reality     ...
What if...?




              ...there was a way to bathe indoors?
              ...you could minimize the number of steps...
Emotion




“We used to have to beg
our neighbors for water
when we ran out.”
Jackie/ Narbeh/
Emotion
Education/ Reuse/ DIY Booklet




“The problem with
the water is when it
doesn’ arrive...when
        t
the water ...
Needs:
Next to oxygen, water is
the most critical element
for human existence.


Survival:
A person can live ap-
proximate...
Needs:
Next to oxygen, water is      The fact that water is a basic need is
the most critical element     a huge driver of...
Water supply and sanitation in Chile is characterized by high levels of access
and good service quality compared to most o...
Water Truck Schedule *E                                            mergency water tank
                                   ...
past                                               present                   future




                       past       ...
What if...?




              ...people trusted the water delivery schedules?
              ...there was a backup plan to ...
Sanitazing
                                           Education/ Chlorox partnership




“My daughter has
never gotten sic...
Rosa cleans her house everyday..




                              ..even the toilet.




  Jackie/ Narbeh/
Prevention:
Hand-washing with soap at
critical times can reduce the
incidence of



Sanitation:
One gram of human feces ca...
Contamination:                               Children are often the first victims
Children in poor environments often carr...
What if...?


              +

                  ...there was an educational campaign to educate people on
               ...
Jackie Narbeh Stella
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Jackie Narbeh Stella

  1. 1. Jackie Narbeh Stella
  2. 2. Mireya Jackie/ Narbeh/
  3. 3. Mireya Status: Married (second time) Occupations: Christopher: Student, Watches and washes car at the feria Jonathan: Student, Watches and washes car at the feria Ermernio: Unemployed, Sells vegetables door to door Income: Disability (for asthma) : 75,000 / mo. Disability (for Christopher): 52,000 / mo. Vegetable sales: 48,000 / mo. Expenses: Loan (for house and kids shoes for school): 19,000 / mo. Gas: 9,000 / mo. Electricity: 10,000-11,000 / mo. Food: 85,400 / mo. Daily items (milk, bread): 14,400 / mo. Vegetables: 24,000 / mo. Meat: 12,000 / mo. Dry food: 35,000 / mo. Vegetables: 1x / wk School: 15,000 (only once at beginning of school year) Age: “Anything can be replaced...except Mireya: 54 Christopher; son: 14 Jonathan; son: 17 Ermernio; husband: 58 Fernanda; daughter family. Prior Residence: As a child, Mireya lived in the country, in the south of Chile. She used to live in the “old campamentos” . I would also take the bottle [that my Future Residence: Definitive house. She has saved half the money so far. niece made]. But if I did have time, I Aspirations: would take things I use more often, like Wants permanent housing for warmth. Wants a real bathroom that doesn’ smell. t my washer and spinner.” What she Values: Family Items/crafts made by family Jackie/ Narbeh/ Useful items (washer, spinner, furniture, etc.)
  4. 4. 750 cm 600 cm 150 cm 600 cm Mireya’ Lay- s 50 cm 1200 cm 300 cm 250 cm Jackie/ Narbeh/
  5. 5. Rosa Jackie/ Narbeh/
  6. 6. “I like to decorate. I Rosa like to keep my house Status: Married looking nice.” Occupations: Rosita: Homemaker Bernardo; husband: Sells vegetables Yanarda; daughter: Student Income: Unknown Expenses: Electricity: 8,500 - 10,000 / mo. Cell phone: 3,500 / wk Food: 6000 / day (meat, bread, juice, soda...buys milk at the local market) Age: Rosita: 21 Yanarda: 4 Prior Residence: Rosita used to live in permanent housing. After she got married, she moved in with her mother-in-law. She did not like living with her mother-in-law and soon moved out into the campamentos with her family. Existing Residence: Roughly a year Future Residence: Definitive house. Aspirations: She would like to have a big kitchen to cook: “I would love to have a kitchen like this in my house. I would like it to have lots of bright colors.” “I like the sea. I would love to live on the coast...in any city.” Jackie/ Narbeh/
  7. 7. 750 cm 600 cm 180 cm 600 cm 170 cm Rosa’ Lay- s 1200 cm 300 cm 250 cm Jackie/ Narbeh/
  8. 8. Luis Jackie/ Narbeh/
  9. 9. “I leave my door Luis open because I like Status: to see passing by Divorced Occupations: and have the sunlight Unemployed due to health reasons(formerly a farmer) come in.” Income: Pension Age: Luis: Senior Citizen Prior Residence: Formerly lived in the old campamentos. Existing Residence: Roughly a year Future Residence: Definitive house. Must move in with his sister and her family, as a single person does not qualify for the definitive housing. Aspirations: Wants to paint his house yellow Wants to go back to work A second mediaugua in his back yard Wants to visit his cousin in Washington What he values: Visits from friends and family His new oven (good brand that he can trust) Jackie/ Narbeh/
  10. 10. 600 cm 150 cm 150 cm 600 cm Luis’Layout 1200 cm 300 cm 250 cm
  11. 11. This week, Mireya will use all of these containers. Jackie/ Narbeh/
  12. 12. “I am tired...It’s laundry day and I just got started.” Containing Multipurpose/ Adaptive/ Optimization Observation The size of the water container determines its purpose, requiring the use of multiple different containers for each task. Impact (Education) The container can physically adapt to the purpose of the task by size, shape and ergonomics. Jackie/ Narbeh/
  13. 13. Space: A mediagua is 10x20 ft Space: The average mediagua houses 4 people Contamination: Children in poor environments often carry 1,000 parasitic worms in their bodies at a time. The Facts Efficiency: Distance / weight / task Onegallonofwaterweighs 34 pounds -EPA Jackie/ Narbeh/
  14. 14. Space: A mediagua is 10x12 ft Conserving space is a key issue Space: Containers are not always stored The average properly and often pick up dirt and mediagua houses 4 germs that later contaminate water sources. Contamination: Relying on multiple containers to Children in poor environments often carry complete a single task is not time or 1,000 parasitic worms energy efficient. in their bodies at a time. Efficiency: The likelihood of contamination and Distance / weight / task Onegallonofwaterweighs uncleanliness increases with the 34 pounds -EPA number of containers. The Issues Jackie/ Narbeh/
  15. 15. store reuse bathe toss spray carry boil mix How we rinse Use heat wash Water cool pour drain catch scoop Jackie/ Narbeh/
  16. 16. Reduce in scale for personal use, and then.. ..increase for household chores Jackie/ Narbeh/
  17. 17. Task Analysis : laundry past present future reality *Not stated • Store water in large drums • Scoop water out of drum with drain ** Having running water will not greatly change this situa- small cup or pitcher tion. The washer and spinner • Pour water into bucket spin will • Heat water in kettle continue to be the primary • Repeat until bucket is filled tools for this task. • Transport bucket to washer • Pour water in washer • Repeat two times scoop Process will remain the same, • Place 3-5 articles of clothing except for the following: in spinner and start machine • Pour water into rinsing con- • Fill bucket directly with hose tainer or faucet instead of scoop- • Remove from washer ing and filling incrementally • Rinse clothes in tambore rinse with a pitcher. • Wring out excess water • Place clothes in spinner and start machine • Collect bowl of drained water wash from spinner • Transport bowl to washer • Pour water into washer • Hang cleaned clothes to dry store • Repeat! Jackie/ Narbeh/
  18. 18. What if...? Tools were consolidated Use one container to accomplish all steps Container collapses to fit inside large drum and scoop water out Container expanded with added water Container has hose to retrieve or release water Container has spout to release water
  19. 19. The The market currently offers several options for foldable and collapsible options for water storage. This Current concept can draw inspiration from the following unique characteristics of these products: Market • Space saver • Easy to carry • Modular • Multi-functional • Affordable Jackie/ Narbeh/
  20. 20. Enclosure Mireya must walk outside to her front yard every time she wants a cup of tea. Jackie/ Narbeh/
  21. 21. Enclosure Space/ Convenience “The new house will have everything there... we will not need to go outside.” Observation The fact that people need to travel outdoors, especially long distances, in order to complete normal every- day tasks is highly unfavorable. Impact Make everyday tasks more convenient by bringing them indoors or decreasing the amount of travel necessary to complete them. Jackie/ Narbeh/
  22. 22. Areas Outdoors Bedroom Bedroom Indoors Semi indoor Bathroom shower Activities involving traveling outdoors Cooking and dining Collecting water Cooking Laundry Bedroom Washing dishes Bathroom and showering Social and Mireya’ outdoor s dining area Water storage Washing dishes activities Laundry area
  23. 23. Areas Outdoors Indoors Semi indoor Activities involving traveling outdoors Bathroom Cooking and dining Shower Collecting water Laundry water Washing dishes storage Bathroom and showering Cooking Rosa’ outdoor s Dining activities Laundry water Washing storage Dishes
  24. 24. Seasons & Behavior winter cold rain mud shower less often modify schedule around weather Jackie/ Narbeh/
  25. 25. Seasons & Behavior winter impacts insulate homes with materials at hand cold capture rain for personal use rain create or extend awnings for more protection create waterproof cover for home elevated platform to walk on mud cement walkway use small rocks to minimize collection of mud bring shower indoors shower less often harness heat from warming of water to create a comfortable bathing environment bring activities indoors modify schedule around capture heat from other activities weather Jackie/ Narbeh/
  26. 26. Seasons & Behavior winter impacts issues insulate homes with materials at hand cold fire hazard capture rain for personal use rain may polluted rain capturing rain may require heavy create or extend awnings for more protection create waterproof cover for home lifting lack of building materials rain may still leak in walls are often damp elevated platform to walk on lack of building materials mud cement walkway lack of technical skills or knowledge use small rocks to minimize collection of mud bring shower indoors lack of room indoors shower less often harness heat from warming of water to create floor may get wet a comfortable bathing environment difficulty moving water fire hazards bring activities indoors modify schedule around lack of room indoors capture heat from other activities fire hazards weather Jackie/ Narbeh/
  27. 27. Seasons & Behavior summer heat water tastes and smells like plastic dust shower more often modify schedule around weather Jackie/ Narbeh/
  28. 28. Seasons & Behavior impacts summer maximize airflow through home heat shade water containers from sun water tastes and smells like store more water in refrigerator relocate water containers indoors plastic supplement water with flavoring secure lids/seals for containers filters to purify water dust maximize water use to avoid running out shower more often bring activities indoors modify schedule around weather Jackie/ Narbeh/
  29. 29. Seasons & Behavior issues impacts summer impact during winter maximize airflow through home heat shade may not be enough shade water containers from sun lack of room indoors water tastes and smells like store more water in refrigerator small refrigerators; less room for food relocate water containers indoors plastic plastic taste may be dangerous supplement water with flavoring supplements cost money lids and filters may not fit all containers secure lids/seals for containers use of lids could be a hassle filters to purify water dust filter may slow the act of retrieving water may sacrifice hygiene maximize water use to avoid running out shower more often run out of water lack of room indoors bring activities indoors modify schedule around weather Jackie/ Narbeh/
  30. 30. What if...? ...There is a centralized water storage in the top of the house that allows to have running water to different areas of the house. ...There is a wet area inside the house where clean water can be safely stored and used water can be drained to the outside. ...The house can seasonally change to adapt to conditions as necessary.
  31. 31. Centralization Optimization/ Consolidation “Doing dishes is a problem...having to take the dishes outside, then back inside.” Observation People typically move water for one specific task at a time. A centralized work space decreases the number of times necessary to transport itms (laundry, water, dishes, etc.) and also decreases the distances, time and effort spent doing tasks. Impact (Education) Establish a routine or system to consolidate water delivery in preparation for multiple tasks. Create a Jackie/ Narbeh/ centralized space for doing water-related chores to minimize time and effort expended doing chores.
  32. 32. Doing laundry involves takes the entire day and.. ..uses components which are all around the house. Jackie/ Narbeh/
  33. 33. 4 clean water storage dirty water Laundry path 1. Taking washer and spinner outside 2. Getting water from containers 3. Pouring water in the washer 4. Putting clothing into the washer 5. Transfering clothing to barrel for rinsing 6. Rinsing clothes by hand 7. Putting clothing into the spinner 8. Collecting used water from spinner 9. Pouring used water in the washer 10. Hanging clothes for drying 1 10 Laundry Mireya’ house s 7/8 2 3/4 5/6 9 Jackie/ Narbeh/
  34. 34. clean water storage dirty water Laundry path 1. Taking washer and spinner outside 2. Getting water from containers 3. Pouring water in the washer 4. Putting clothing into the washer 5. Transfering clothing to sink for rinsing 6. Rinsing clothes by hand 7. Putting clothing into the spinner 8. Collecting used water from spinner 9. Pouring used water in the washer 10. Hanging clothes for drying 1 Laundry Rosa’ house s 7/8 10 9 3/4 2 5/6 Jackie/ Narbeh/
  35. 35. clean water storage dirty water dish washing path 1. Picking up dishes from kitchen 2. Washing dishes 3. Returning dishes to kitchen 2 cooking path 1. Collecting water from containers 2. Pouring water for boiling 1/3 Kitchen flow Mireya’ house s 2 1 problem A lack of centralized work space results in excessive backtracking, due to basic human limitations: people can only carry so much at a time without the aid of tools. Jackie/ Narbeh/
  36. 36. clean water storage dirty water dish washing path 1. Picking up dishes from kitchen 2. Washing dishes 3. Returning dishes to kitchen cooking path 1. Collecting water from containers 2. Pouring water for boiling Kitchen flow 2 1/3 Rosa’ house s 1 2 Jackie/ Narbeh/
  37. 37. Task Analysis : dishes past present future reality *Not stated • Carry dishes in bowl from kitchen to front yard wash ** This task will be made much easier and more efficient due • Use pitcher to scoop water to the following changes: from tambore scoop Running water • Pour water into bowl Sink • Add chlorox and mix • Place dishes in bowl • Scrub • Place dishes in sink • Pour water from pitcher to • Fill sink with water rinse dishes store • Add chlorox, mix • Catch water in bowl • Scrub dishes • Dry dishes • Rinse • Carry dishes back to kitchen • Dry • Carry more dishes back to yard • Refill pitcher • Repeat • When finished, toss dirty wa- ter into street Jackie/ Narbeh/
  38. 38. What if...? ...water was located throughout house instead of in front yard? ...there was a workspace indoors? ...there was a mobile work station? ...the work station doubled as a water container? ...the work station was created out of materials at hand? ...there was a modular work station? ...There is a product to store clean water next to the kitchen. ...There is a work space outdoors where water is delivered from the truck
  39. 39. Bathing Mireya wakes up everyday at 6:30 a.m. to prepare bath water for her children before school.
  40. 40. Bathing Efficiency/ Seasons/ “I wake up to prepare the bath water so they can go to school.” Observation Bathing is an involved process, requiring multiple steps, including heating, mixing, carrying and scooping water. Impact (Education) Optimize the process by combining one or more steps in the process. Create a tool to facilitate the actual act of bathing oneself. Jackie/ Narbeh/
  41. 41. This is what a warm bath looks like.. ..at Mireya’ house. s Jackie/ Narbeh/
  42. 42. clean water storage dirty water Toilet path 1. Getting water from containers 2. Pouring water in the toilet 5/6 Shower path 1. Getting water from containers 2. Pouring water for boiling 3. Getting cold water in the bucket 4. Mixing hot and cold water 3/4 5. Bringing bucket to the bathroom 6. Scooping water for bathing 2 Shower path Rosa’ house s 1
  43. 43. clean water storage dirty water 2 5/6 Toilet path 1. Getting water from containers 2. Pouring water in the toilet 4 Shower path 2 1. Getting water from containers 2. Pouring water for boiling 3. Getting cold water in the bucket 4. Mixing hot and cold water 5. Bringing bucket to the bathroom 6. Scooping water for bathing Shower path Mireya’ house s 1 3 1
  44. 44. Water Use: 15-25 gallons of water is used in the average five- minute shower. -EPA Time: It takes approximately 3-9 minutes to bring one liter of water to a boil. Energy: Generally most people can carry a load just over 50% of their own weight comfort- ably without any serious or special physical training. The Facts Jackie/ Narbeh/
  45. 45. Water Use: 15-25 gallons of water is Bathing is a water-intensive activity. used in the average five- minute shower. -EPA Time: Bathing is a time-intensive activity. It takes approximately 3-9 minutes to bring one liter of water to a boil. Energy: Bathing is an energy-intensive activity. Generally most people can carry a load just over 50% of their own weight comfort- ably without any serious or special physical training. The Issues Jackie/ Narbeh/
  46. 46. Task Analysis : bathing past present future reality *Not stated • Store water in large drums • Scoop water out of drum with Carry • Use one container to accom- plish all steps small cup or pitcher • Collapse container to fit in- • Pour water into kettle side large drum and scoop • Heat water in kettle water out • Pour water into bowl Scoop • Expand container with add- • Repeat ed water • Scoop cold water out of drum • Container has hose to re- • Pour cold water into bowl trieve or release water • Mix water to desired temper- • Container has spout to re- ature Store lease water • Transport water to bathroom • Use water pressure to create • Scoop water with small cup water flow • Pour over body to bathe and rinse Mix • Drain remaining water onto ground Heat Jackie/ Narbeh/
  47. 47. What if...? ...there was a way to bathe indoors? ...you could minimize the number of steps involved in bathing? ...you could harness the sun to heat your bath water? ...you could have a running water system with a hanging container ...heat water once and keep it warm for more than one
  48. 48. Emotion “We used to have to beg our neighbors for water when we ran out.” Jackie/ Narbeh/
  49. 49. Emotion Education/ Reuse/ DIY Booklet “The problem with the water is when it doesn’ arrive...when t the water truck comes, it brings happiness.” - Rosita Observation Water carries with it emotional components, both positive and negative. Impact (Education) Reinforce positive emotions by removing fear of water shortage, establishing fail-safe backup systems and assuring confidence in set water delivery schedules. Jackie/ Narbeh/
  50. 50. Needs: Next to oxygen, water is the most critical element for human existence. Survival: A person can live ap- proximately one week without water. -EPA Sanitation: 2.5 billion people in the world do not have access to adequate sanitation, this is almost two fifths of the world’ population. -WHO/ s UNICEF The Facts Jackie/ Narbeh/
  51. 51. Needs: Next to oxygen, water is The fact that water is a basic need is the most critical element a huge driver of emotions, both good for human existence. -EPA and bad. Survival: The consequences of running out of A person can live approxi- water are great. mately one week without water. -EPA Sanitation: This problem is widespread and affects 2.5 billion people in the every facet of daily life, from sanitation world do not have access to adequate sanitation, this to sustenance to personal hygiene. is almost two fifths of the world’ population. -WHO/ s UNICEF The Issues Jackie/ Narbeh/
  52. 52. Water supply and sanitation in Chile is characterized by high levels of access and good service quality compared to most other countries in latin america Chile's water and sanitation sector distinguishes itself by the fact that all urban water companies are privately owned or operated. Water consumption is highest in the capital region, ranging from 44m3/month (Aguas Cordillera) to 125m3/month (Aguas de Manquehue). Aguas Andinas, serving the capital Santiago, majority-owned by the Span- ish company Aguas de Barcelona, Average water tariff US$ / m3 1 0,8 0,6 0,4 0,2 Water supply 0 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 Average yearly tariffs for Santiago Metropolitan Region excluding VAT. Financial figures converted to US Dollars as of March 31, 2009 exchange rate Jackie/ Narbeh/
  53. 53. Water Truck Schedule *E mergency water tank Monday Wednesday Friday Cleaning and RefillingR efilling Gets refilled as necessary by the complete new water truck filling No set rules for the water use *subject to availability of the truck and driver WATER STORAGE SYSTEM location: Outdoors in front location: Outdoors next to location: Indoors next MIREYA of the house ROSITA sink and bathroom LUIS to the door 12L 10L 10L 10L 15L 15 L 10 L 5 L5 L 4L 2L 2L Cooking Laundry, bathroom, shower, dishes, cleaning Laundry, dishes. Bathroom, Cooking Bathroom, dishes Cooking shower, cleaning. Jackie/ Narbeh/
  54. 54. past present future past present future • Begging for water • Water truck delivers • Running water in to the campamento permanent houses reality • Emergency water tank installed by private water company • Uncertainty of • Urcentainty of delivery • Unable to pay for collecting water • Proper sanitizing of truck the service issues • Unable to get kids and equipment ready to school Jackie/ Narbeh/
  55. 55. What if...? ...people trusted the water delivery schedules? ...there was a backup plan to deliver water even when drivers call in sick? ...Every house has the same point of easy access for delivery of water, avoiding the risk of not getting water if the family is not at home. ...There are specific regulations for the use of the water in the communal emergency tank so there is no waste and there is a established purpose for the water contained there. ...Every house has its own water emergency tank located in front of the house and gets checked and refill by the water truck every week.
  56. 56. Sanitazing Education/ Chlorox partnership “My daughter has never gotten sick. I clean very well every day.”-Rosa Observation People tend to overcompensate in cleaning activities as a way of preventing illness. Impact (Education) Implement an educational campaign to address the dangers of potentially hazardous cleaning products and to propose safe alternatives and habits that adhere to the same safety standards. Jackie/ Narbeh/
  57. 57. Rosa cleans her house everyday.. ..even the toilet. Jackie/ Narbeh/
  58. 58. Prevention: Hand-washing with soap at critical times can reduce the incidence of Sanitation: One gram of human feces can contain 10,000,000 viruses, 1,000,000 bacteria, 1000 parasite cysts, 100 parasite eggs. Contamination: Children in poor environments often carry 1,000 parasitic worms in their bodies at a time. -UNICEF The Facts Jackie/ Narbeh/
  59. 59. Contamination: Children are often the first victims Children in poor environments often carry of unsanitary living conditions. 1,000 parasitic worms in their bodies at a time. -UNICEF Sanitation: It doesn’ take much for illness and t One gram of human feces can contain disease to spread. 10,000,000 viruses, 1,000,000 bacteria, 1000 parasite cysts, 100 parasite eggs. Prevention: Prevention is an effective, life-sav- Hand-washing with soap at ing tool. critical times can reduce the incidence of The Issues Jackie/ Narbeh/
  60. 60. What if...? + ...there was an educational campaign to educate people on the importance of cleaning? ...there was a partnership with Chlorox to spread this message? ...the campaign reached out to kids, who would then teach their parents? ... The cleaner container specifies with graphics how excatly should be used and the doses for cleaning around the house. The container gets reused and refilled many times. ...A sustainable cleaner company sponsors a campaing to deliver their cleaning products to the campamentos giving the choice to use a product that is safer for the people and
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