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The appeal of visual media continuesto make film, video and television aseducational tools with high potentialimpact.
Why use film, video and/ ortelevision to classroom teaching?
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Transmit a wide range audio- visualmaterials, including still pictures, film,objects, specimens and drama.
2. Bring models of excellence to the viewer.3. Bring the world of reality to the home and to the . classroom through a live broadcast or as mediated through film or videotape.4. Make us see and hear for ourselves worlds events as they happen.5. Be the most believable
6. Make some programs understandable and appealing to a wide variety of age and educational level.7. Become the great equalizer of . educational opportunity because programs can be presented over national and regional network.8. Can give opportunity to teachers to view themselves while they teach for purposes of self-improvement.
6. Provide us with sounds and sights not easily available even to the viewer of a real event through long shots, close . ups, zoom shoots, magnification and split screen made possible by the TV camera.7. Can be both instructive and enjoyable.
Television and film are one-way communication device consequently, they encourage passivity. The small screen size puts television at a disadvantage when compared with the possible size of projected motion pictures, for example. Excessive TV viewing works against the development of the child’s ability to visualize and to be creative and imaginative, skills, that are needed in problem solving. There is much violence in television.
How do youcounteractonedisadvantagesto TV, filmand video-developmentof passivity inclassroom?
Basic Procedures in the Useof TV as a SupplementaryEnrichment
1. Prepare the classroom. Darken the room The students should not seated too near nor too far from the TV2. Pre-viewing Activities Set goals and expectations. Link the TV lessons with past lesson and/ or with your students’ experiences for integration and relevance. Set the rules while viewing. Put the film in context. Point out the key points they need to focus on.
3. ViewingDon’t interrupt viewing by inserting cautions andannouncements you forgot to give during the pre-viewingstage. It disrupts and dampens interest.Just make sure sights and sounds are clear.4. Post-viewingTo make them feel at ease begin by asking the followingquestion:1.What do you like best in the film?2.What part of the film makes you wonder? Doubt?3.Does the film remind you of something or someone?4.What questions are you asking about the film?
5. Go to the questions you raised at the pre- viewing stage.6. Tackle questions raised by students at the initial stage of the post-viewing discussion.7. Ask what the students learned.8. Summarize what was learned.