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RBI Valuation Methodologies: Business Valuation Article
 

RBI Valuation Methodologies: Business Valuation Article

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Valuation Guidelines and Methodology by Reserve Bank of India: ...

Valuation Guidelines and Methodology by Reserve Bank of India:
Key Highlights- RBI Guidelines for Valuation of Shares, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Valuation Guidelines, Outward Direct Investment (ODI) Valuation Guidelines,

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    RBI Valuation Methodologies: Business Valuation Article RBI Valuation Methodologies: Business Valuation Article Presentation Transcript

    • RBI guidelines for valuation of shares optimum value scenario (from exchange control perspective). BeforeFor Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) transactions, Notification No. FEMA DFCF method was prescribed, the basis of valuation for RBI20/2000-RB dated May 3, 2000, as amended from time to time deals transactions was Controller of Capital Issues (CCI) guidelines whichwith Foreign Exchange Management (Transfer or Issue of Security by a determined a conservative valuation by considering the average of NetPerson Resident Outside India) Regulations, 2000. Asset Value (‘NAV’) the company’s Profit Earning Capacity Value (‘PECV’), which was arrived at based on its past financial performance.In terms of Schedule 1 of the Notification, an Indian company may issueequity shares/compulsorily convertible preference shares and This valuation article is covering different situations envisaged under RBIcompulsorily convertible debentures (equity instruments) to a person Law for both FDI as well as Overseas Direct Investment (ODI)resident outside India under the FDI policy, subject to inter alia, transactions and some valuation methodologies are also suggestedcompliance with the pricing guidelines. The price/ conversion formula of based on our practical experience and global valuation principles.convertible capital instruments is also require to be determined upfrontat the time of issue of the instruments. FDI Valuation GuidelinesIn order to make the valuation of shares in line with global business In case Indian Resident is Unlisted Companyvaluation practices and maximize forex earnings for Indian Residents, Under the revised guidelines, the approach taken in the CCI guidelinesReserve Bank of India (RBI) had recently introduced revised valuation are abandoned, and the applicable allotment / transfer price for FDI inguidelines in case of allotment or transfer of equity shares / compulsory unlisted shares is required to be not less than the price determinedconvertible instruments by Indian Resident to Non Resident and vice based upon the DFCF method as determined by a SEBI registeredversa. Category - I Merchant Banker or a Chartered Accountant.Now for all unlisted companies having Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), In case Indian Resident is Listed CompanyRBI has prescribed mandatory valuation of shares strictly through Under the revised pricing guidelines, allotment / transfer of listedDiscounted Free Cash Flow (DFCF) method only, a prominent method company shares in India by Indian Resident to Non-Resident shall notbased on Income Approach of valuation which is entirely based on the be made at less than the price at which the preferential allotment of“Future Cash Earning Capacity” of any business and thus often lead to shares can be made under the SEBI (ICDR) Regulations 2009, which provides that If the equity shares of the issuer have been listed on a It is
    • recognized stock exchange, then the equity shares shall be allotted at a it is clarified herein that no method for valuation of shares has beenprice not less than the higher of the following: prescribed by RBI in case of ODI valuation. From a exchange control“Average weekly high and low closing price over a trailing six month perspective the price of shares issued by foreign entity shall not be moreperiod, or a trailing two week period, from the "relevant date of than the price determined by SEBI registered category- I merchanttransaction.” banker / CA as the case may be.In case of transfer of shares from Non Resident to Indian Resident,the same DFCF price would govern to be the maximum price fortransaction. ODI Valuation GuidelinesMandatory Valuation by Merchant Banker where the investment isbeing made outside India for more than USD 5 million, valuation ofthe shares of the foreign company shall be made by a Category IMerchant Banker registered with SEBI or an Investment Banker /Merchant Banker outside India registered with the appropriate regulatoryauthority in the host country.In case investment is by way of swap of shares where foreigncompany is involved irrespective of the amount, valuation of theshares will have to be made by a Category I Merchant Banker registeredwith SEBI or an Investment Banker outside India registered with theappropriate regulatory authority in the host country.In all other cases, valuation of shares can be made by a CharteredAccountant or a Certified Public Accountant.
    • Face to Face comparison of CCI Guidelines and RBI GuidelinesParticulars Valuation before April 21, 2010 Valuation after April 21, 2010Guidelines in Force CCI Guidelines In case of FDI Transactions:  Listed Company: Market Value as per SEBI Preferential Allotment GuidelinesMethods Prescribed  Net Assets Value (NAV)  Unlisted Company: DFCF  Profit Earning Capacity Value(PECV) In case of ODI Transactions:  Market Value (in case of Listed Company) No method has been prescribedDiscount 15% Discount has been prescribed on account of Lack of No such Discount has been prescribed MarketabilityHistorical / Futuristic It is based on Historical Values It is based on Future ProjectionsPossibility of variation in Value As valuation is more Formulae based, final values came As valuation is more dependent on Assumptions andConclusion standardized choice of factors like Growth Rate, Cost of Capital etc, value conclusion may vary significantly.
    • Glimpse of RBI Guidelines for FDI and ODI Valuation and Our Suggested Approach
    • ConclusionRBI has prescribed DFCF as the only valuation method in case of FDI for unlisted co’s; but has not provided any guidance on its technical aspects.Since valuation is essentially a forward looking exercise , It is generally believed that DFCF is one of the most acceptable Valuation method used byBusiness valuers worldwide; however DFCF for all FDI transactions (like minority stake/start up valuation etc) may not yield Fair Value in line withthe Commercial understanding. However Law being such, suitable Logical adjustments may be necessary on a case to case basis. The price to becomputed using the DFCF method would normally be much higher than that computed under the erstwhile CCI guidelines which followed a fixedformal approach. Therefore it is needed to be used with great care as it’s a very sensitive model where the values get affected significantly with asmall change in assumption like Beta value, Terminal growth rate, Risk free rate of Return and market return. As such, the Valuation approaches /methods being applied must take into account the standard of value and premise of value and also suitable adjustments to make Valuationdiscounts and Premium based on the facts of each case.
    • Contact us @ corporatevaluations.in An Online Venture of D-28, South Extension –I, New Delhi-110 049 For any clarifications or Professional Valuation Advisory, feel free to contact: Mr. Chander Sawhney Mr. Maneesh Srivastava Asst. Vice President Manager M: +91 9810557353 M: +91 9871026040 Ph: 011-40622252 Ph: 011-40622255 Email: chander@indiacp.com Email: maneesh@indiacp.comFor Free Online Biz Valuation and more Research Based Valuation Information, Please Visit Dedicated Valuation Portal @ Web: www.corporatevaluations.in E: info@corporatevaluations.inDisclaimer:-All rights reserved. This is a Research based publication, Information in this publication is in summary form and is therefore intended for general guidance only. Itis not intended to be a substitute for detailed research or the exercise of professional judgment. Neither corporatevaluations.in nor any other member of theCorporate Professionals organization accept any responsibility for loss occasioned to any person acting or refraining from action as a result of any material in thispublication. On any specific matter, reference should be made to the appropriate advisor.Reprinted (or adapted) with permission. Distribution of this material via the internet does not constitute consent to the redistribution of it in any other form or by anyother person or entity. This excerpted article, or any part thereof, may not be reproduced or copied in any form or by any means- graphic, electronic, ormechanical- without the prior written permission of Corporate Professionals.Our Valuation Services: Business Valuation | Investment Valuation | M&A Valuation and Swap Ratio | Fairness Opinions | ESOP Valuation| Tax Valuation | FDI & ODI Valuation | Valuation for Regulatory Reporting | Build/Review Financial Models © 2012, Corporate Professionals. All rights reserved