Mental Institutions
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  • the 3rd slide I don't honestly think it wasn't good because making a mentally challenged person work on a farm could possible demoralize the person which would make them pretty much brain dead.
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Mental Institutions Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Mental Institutions Of The 1930s Iain Maryanow 5/2/09 Period 3
  • 2. The Good
    • During the 30s, enough asylums were opened to support most “lunatics”.
    • In many institutions, patients were able to live freely under supervision.
    • Most treatment centers helped and were able to release patients.
  • 3. The Good (cont.)
    • While living in the institutions, patients helped take care of farms. This made the population of farm land increase.
    • Nurses were being trained well from 1928-1934.
    • After 1921, asylums switched from shackles and cement walls, to create a comfy feeling.
  • 4. The Bad
    • With increasing credibility, population of people in the asylums grew. Growing from 200 to nearly 1800 in most institutions.
    • It became common for hobos, elderly people without families, and disabled veterans to become “patients”.
    • These “patients” would take all the care they needed and when things got better, the left.
  • 5. The Bad (cont.)
    • From rapid growth in patient population, asylums became understaffed.
    • The decline of staff caused more hirings of undertrained nurses.
    • Decline in patient care became common and some patients died from having no attention.
  • 6. The Bad (cont.)
    • Medical procedures were done because they were thought to be the cure for “lunatics”.
    • Restraints began to be used again.
    • In the 1930s, the lobotomy was introduced by Walter J. Freeman.
    • Patients began dying when barbaric procedures were done to speed up medical operations.
  • 7. Medical Procedures
    • Early procedures were submerging patients in ice baths until they lost consciousness.
    • Other procedures were inducing a massive shock to the brain.
    • Lobotomy: induce sedation, inflict shocks to the brain, insert a device through the patients eyelids to the brain, hammer the device into the frontal lobe, then move the device back and forth in a swiping motion.
  • 8. Bibliography
    • Leupo, Kimberly. &quot;The History of Mental Illness.&quot; Toddlertime . 1 May 2009 <http://www.toddlertime.com/advocacy/hospitals/Asylum/history-asylum.htm>.
    • Storn, Tom. &quot;Opacity Locations.&quot; Opacity . 2007. 1 May 2009 <http://www.opacity.us/locations/>.