visual dictionary- cornerbead


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visual dictionary- cornerbead

  1. 1. BSCI 4 -21-2009
  2. 2. Weather barrier paper is applied to sheathing and serves as an air barrier  to reduce leaking air through joints and as a waterproofing backing underneath sidings.
  3. 3. Attic ventilation is used not only to allow water vapor to escape, but to prevent solar heat buildup conducted through the roof and roof sheathing by drawing air through the spaces keeping the house cooler. Soffit Vent- also known as Frieze vent. Gable Vent Covered with slot covered insect screening allows airflow in rafters while keeping out insects
  4. 4. Ridge Vent - located at highest point of Roof Turbine roof, prevent snow and rain from entering by blown wind
  5. 5. Roman Arch Key Stone
  6. 6. Gothic Arch
  7. 7. Running Bond- consist of all stretchers Flemish Bond- row of headers and stretchers
  8. 8. Sailors Rowlock Stretchers
  9. 9. Soldiers
  10. 10. Rowlocks
  11. 11. Headers
  12. 12. Modular Brick 3 5/8 x 7 5/8 x 2 1/4 7 5/8 “ 3 5/8 “
  13. 13. Standard Brick 3 5/8 x 8 x 2 1/4 8” 3 5/8 “
  14. 14. A bulldozer is a tracked tractor equipped with a metal blade used to push large amounts of soil rubble and gravel during construction. Typically known as an engineering vehicle.
  15. 15. Wood Boards Brick exterior
  16. 16. EIFS- exterior Insulation Finish System- synthetic stucco
  17. 17. Stone exterior - Random Rubble
  18. 18. Emergency and escape openings must meet a maximum height of 44” and opening Size of 5.7 square feet . Any number of combinations are required for an opening to be Effective with height no less than 24” and opening no less than 20”. This window meets Code due to a height above finished floor of 26” and an opening of 35 ½”. Window requirements 35 ½” 26 “ AFF
  19. 19. Wood Framed Stairs Tread 10” Riser 5 ½” Meets code because it stays within dimensions Tread min. 4”- 7” Riser Min 11”
  20. 20. Control Joints - ¼” depth slab weaken by a recess joint in hopes to relieve stress that the concrete will crack to that joint. Control Joint Control Joint Crack to Control Joint
  21. 21. Isolation Joint Isolation joint is a padding of concrete underneath a point of pressure so that the slab will not crack. Column is isolated from the slab
  22. 22. Concrete Masonry units (CMU) primarily serve as foundations, retaining walls, and fireplaces. They are larger solid units than brick and are less expensive. Actual dimensions 7 5/8” x 7 5/8” x 15 5/8” : Nominal 8” x 8” x 16” 1 CMU = 3 Modular Bricks
  23. 23. 10” CMU- both ends plain
  24. 24. 4” CMU- both ends plain
  25. 25. -6 panel wood Stile and Rail door Top Rail Panels stile Lock Rail Bottom Rail
  26. 26. Transom- glass glazing Sidelight- Glass Glazing   above door on sides of door Transom Sidelights Sidelights
  27. 27. Flush Door- usually interior but can be exterior hollow  or solid core door
  28. 28. Power pole w/ transformer- local transmission Service Head- two hot wires and one lines carry direct current voltage converted w/ Neutral wire carrying current enter A transformer to alternating current. House through a service head.
  29. 29. Service Panel- also called panel board holds and Meter- after leaving service head current controls circuits throughout Travels down to the meter base which holds the house with a disconnect and measures power usage. switch and a man breaker.
  30. 30. Duplex receptacle- the circuits( branches of electrical service)  travel to GFI also known as Duplex receptacle which are normally located in kitchens which hold most of appliance electricity.
  31. 31. Anchor Bolt Sill Plate
  32. 32. Floor Joist 
  33. 33. Stringer Subflooring  
  34. 34. Sole plate Stud   Stud Wall
  35. 35. Top Plate Ceiling Joist   Ceiling Joist Ceiling Joist
  36. 36. Rafters
  37. 37. Sheathing
  38. 38. Engineering vehicle used to load and move around dirt, gravel and other materials another machine and/or to a location.
  39. 39. Gypsum Board is a building material known as drywall that is made of gypsum plaster placed between two sheets of paper that is then kiln dried.
  40. 40. A component of the forced air system used to move heat and air through ducts to all Rooms through a process called convection. Advantage: allows the ability to filter air and control humidity while heating and cooling. Disadvantage: Relatively noisy and controls bulky ducts Air Handling Unit- absorbs direct Compressor- condenses air and rejects heat Expansion and supplies air to ducts.
  41. 41. Any material that is added to the perimeter of a building to slow down the conduction of heat flow referred to as thermal insulation. Most critical spaces are the walls and Ceiling. Batt/ Blanket- wedge in between Framing
  42. 42. Lintels are steel or concrete angles placed above window and door openings to Support opening span. Typically reinforced brick or block lintel or precast concrete. Concrete Lintel
  43. 43. Concave Mortar Joint- 3/8”thick, tooled, public education building, Type M Mortar- High Strength Exterior
  44. 44. Flush Joint- trowled, 3/8 ” thick, exterior,Type M Morta
  45. 45. OSB- a softwood made of long strand-like wood particle that are compresses and glued into three to five layers. OSB is generally stronger because of the length and compression of the strands and is stiffer than veneered panels. Used as Sheathing.
  46. 46. Lavatory Washing area that flushes waste out to the building drain and down to building sewer 1 ½” -2” pipe
  47. 47. Water closet Any room that has a toilet ; toilets are the only fixture that uses cold water
  48. 48. Manufactured Tub during rough in Plumbing vent Plumbing vent is apart of the Drain Waste Vent System(DWV) that allows the escape of sewer gases contained by p-traps.
  49. 49. Drop In sink
  50. 50. Veneer-thin slices of wood glued onto Five core panels to produce plywood. Manufactured wood. 4’ x 8’ sheet Plywood
  51. 51. Found only in attics and reflect up to 97% of heat stored in attics. Since most of the heat in Homes escapes and enters through the attic, the radiant barrier acts much like a form of Insulation.
  52. 52. The deformation on the surface help it To bond tightly to concrete. This rebar is ½ in diameter. It Is referred to as a #4 rebar.
  53. 53. Gutter- allows for rain  and melted snow to be collected to from roofing to prevent moisture and water damage.
  54. 54. Downspout- collects  water from gutter to drain away from the house.
  55. 55. Splashblock- usually  made of precast concrete that allow control of water drainage flowing from downspout and away from the building.
  56. 56. Underlayment- 15-30  pound building felt protects building from precipitation before the roofing is applied. Easily installed and is “dried in”
  57. 57. Clay tiles 
  58. 58. Wood shingles Shingles- small units applied in overlaying layers with staggered vertical joints.
  59. 59. Preformed Metal roofing –common thin sheets of aluminum or galvanized steel ( usually common in commercial work, green or blue) is long-lasting and can be recycled after it is replaced. All metal panel roofing is preformed and requires no equipment for installation.
  60. 60. Gable roof Gambrel roof 
  61. 61. Hip roof
  62. 62. Mansard roof 
  63. 63. Ridge- level of roof intersection at its  highest point.
  64. 64. Valley- the sloping intersection of two roof  planes where water runs toward it
  65. 65. Eave- lowest horizontal edge of the low side  of a sloping roof
  66. 66. Rake- usually on  gable roofs; sloping corner of a roof (upward fascia)
  67. 67. Fascia- board that run around the eave of a  building along the edge
  68. 68. Soffit-undersurface of  a horizontal rafter that Forms at triangular shape in connection with the eave
  69. 69. Random Ashlar 
  70. 70. Random Rubble
  71. 71. Coursed Rubble
  72. 72. Vapor Retarder-placed on the warm in winter side; determines and helps block the amount of dew or condensation that seeps through insulation.
  73. 73. Weep hole-allows water that seeps behind building through mortar to drain out so that the wood framing of building will not rot. Efflorescence is salt found around Weep holes from hard water evaporation.
  74. 74. Form of reinforcing laid in a grid pattern that supports concrete. It is supported by high chairs And is also known as wire mesh.
  75. 75. Sliding- single hung window on its side;  tracks in the frame hold the sash on two opposite sides
  76. 76. Double hung window- has two moving sashes that slide up and down its tracks in the frame of the window