Weather barrier paper is applied to sheathing and serves as an air barrier
to reduce leaking air through joints and as a waterproofing backing
Attic ventilation is used not only to allow water vapor to escape, but to prevent solar
heat buildup conducted through the roof and roof sheathing by drawing air through
the spaces keeping the house cooler.
Soffit Vent- also known as Frieze vent.
Covered with slot covered insect
screening allows airflow in rafters while
keeping out insects
Ridge Vent - located at highest point of
Roof Turbine roof, prevent snow and rain from
entering by blown wind
Running Bond- consist of all stretchers
Flemish Bond- row of headers and stretchers
Sailors Rowlock Stretchers
3 5/8 x 7 5/8 x 2 1/4
7 5/8 “
3 5/8 “
3 5/8 x 8 x 2 1/4
3 5/8 “
A bulldozer is a tracked tractor equipped with a metal blade used to push large
amounts of soil rubble and gravel during construction. Typically known as an
Emergency and escape openings must meet a maximum height of 44” and opening
Size of 5.7 square feet . Any number of combinations are required for an opening to be
Effective with height no less than 24” and opening no less than 20”. This window meets
Code due to a height above finished floor of 26” and an opening of 35 ½”.
26 “ AFF
Wood Framed Stairs
Riser 5 ½”
Meets code because it stays within dimensions
Tread min. 4”- 7”
Riser Min 11”
Control Joints - ¼” depth slab weaken by a recess joint in hopes to relieve stress
that the concrete will crack to that joint.
Crack to Control Joint
Isolation joint is a padding of concrete underneath
a point of pressure so that the slab will not crack.
Column is isolated from the slab
Concrete Masonry units (CMU) primarily serve as foundations, retaining walls,
and fireplaces. They are larger solid units than brick and are less expensive.
Actual dimensions 7 5/8” x 7 5/8” x 15 5/8” : Nominal 8” x 8” x 16”
1 CMU = 3 Modular Bricks
10” CMU- both ends plain
4” CMU- both ends plain
-6 panel wood Stile and Rail door
Transom- glass glazing Sidelight- Glass Glazing
above door on sides of door
Flush Door- usually interior but can be exterior hollow
or solid core door
Power pole w/ transformer- local transmission Service Head- two hot wires and one
lines carry direct current voltage converted w/ Neutral wire carrying current enter
A transformer to alternating current. House through a service head.
Service Panel- also called
panel board holds and
Meter- after leaving service head current
controls circuits throughout
Travels down to the meter base which holds
the house with a disconnect
and measures power usage.
switch and a man breaker.
Duplex receptacle- the circuits( branches of electrical service)
travel to GFI also known as Duplex receptacle which are normally
located in kitchens which hold most of appliance electricity.
Anchor Bolt Sill Plate
Sole plate Stud
Top Plate Ceiling Joist
Engineering vehicle used to load and move around dirt, gravel and other materials
another machine and/or to a location.
Gypsum Board is a building material known as drywall
that is made of gypsum plaster placed between two sheets
of paper that is then kiln dried.
A component of the forced air system used to move heat and air through ducts to all
Rooms through a process called convection.
Advantage: allows the ability to filter air and control humidity
while heating and cooling.
Disadvantage: Relatively noisy and controls bulky ducts
Air Handling Unit- absorbs direct Compressor- condenses air and rejects heat
Expansion and supplies air to ducts.
Any material that is added to the perimeter of a building to slow down the conduction
of heat flow referred to as thermal insulation. Most critical spaces are the walls and
Batt/ Blanket- wedge in between
Lintels are steel or concrete angles placed above window and door openings to
Support opening span. Typically reinforced brick or block lintel or precast concrete.
Concave Mortar Joint- 3/8”thick, tooled, public education building,
Type M Mortar- High Strength Exterior
Flush Joint- trowled, 3/8 ” thick, exterior,Type M Morta
OSB- a softwood made of long strand-like wood particle that are compresses and glued
into three to five layers. OSB is generally stronger because of the length and compression
of the strands and is stiffer than veneered panels. Used as Sheathing.
Washing area that flushes waste out to the building drain and
down to building sewer
1 ½” -2” pipe
Any room that has a toilet ; toilets are the only fixture that uses cold water
Manufactured Tub during rough in
Plumbing vent is apart of the Drain Waste Vent
System(DWV) that allows the escape of sewer
gases contained by p-traps.
Drop In sink
Veneer-thin slices of wood glued onto
Five core panels to produce plywood.
4’ x 8’ sheet Plywood
Found only in attics and reflect up to 97% of
heat stored in attics. Since most of the heat in
Homes escapes and enters through the attic,
the radiant barrier acts much like a form of
The deformation on the surface help it
To bond tightly to concrete.
This rebar is ½ in diameter. It
Is referred to as a #4 rebar.
Gutter- allows for rain
and melted snow to
be collected to from
roofing to prevent
moisture and water
water from gutter to
drain away from the
made of precast
concrete that allow
control of water
from downspout and
away from the
pound building felt
protects building from
the roofing is applied.
Easily installed and is
Shingles- small units applied in overlaying layers
with staggered vertical joints.
Preformed Metal roofing –common thin sheets of aluminum or galvanized steel
( usually common in commercial work, green or blue) is long-lasting and can be
recycled after it is replaced. All metal panel roofing is preformed and requires no
equipment for installation.
Gable roof Gambrel roof
Ridge- level of roof intersection at its
Valley- the sloping intersection of two roof
planes where water runs toward it
Eave- lowest horizontal edge of the low side
of a sloping roof
Rake- usually on
gable roofs; sloping
corner of a roof
Fascia- board that run around the eave of a
building along the edge
a horizontal rafter that
Forms at triangular shape
in connection with the
Vapor Retarder-placed on the warm in winter side;
determines and helps block the amount of
dew or condensation that seeps through insulation.
Weep hole-allows water that seeps behind building through mortar to drain out
so that the wood framing of building will not rot. Efflorescence is salt found around
Weep holes from hard water evaporation.
Form of reinforcing laid in a grid pattern
that supports concrete.
It is supported by high chairs
And is also known as wire mesh.
Sliding- single hung window on its side;
tracks in the frame hold the sash on two
Double hung window- has two
moving sashes that slide up and down
its tracks in the frame of the window