-Evaluation based on product reception from users in terms of emotional benefits and practicality-Further evaluation based on weekly surveys to note status of depression-Overall positive reception from individuals.-Potential to raise encouraging emotions-Individuals mentioned the benefits of reminders and personalization
Elderly mental health
Corey BestAlyssa FischerKaeleigh KennedyShereen TeymourFatima UddinAlyssa Young
Mental Health• 20% of individualsover age 55 havesome type of mentalhealth concern(CDC, 2008)• Of any agegroup, men aged85+ have the highestsuicide rateDepression• Is the most prevalentmental healthconcern amongelderly population• Is NOT a normal partof getting older andis treatable in 80% ofthe cases
The Problem:• Physical and mental sideaffects of loneliness inthe elderly• Hardening of thearteries• High blood pressure• Depression• High cortisol levels• Memory problems(Gammon, 2012)Loneliness• 18% of seniors live aloneand 43% report feelinglonely on a regular basis(Botek, 2012)• Loneliness may lead todepression and adversehealth consequences
Structure• Artificial companion,“man‟s best friend”• Softer texture, butaccepted as mechanical Function• Mental stimulation: therapeutic, conversational,& emotionally engaging• Surveys for patient‟shealthcare provider• Filling the gap “Buddy”
Target Populations• Elderly individuals who livealone OR feel isolated livingin a group home• Primary Health careproviders of elderly patients
Benefits to target populations• Efficient• Increased communication• Mental stimulation• Decreased loneliness• Entertainment• Overall increased mental and physical health
Hardware• Sensors• Audio input & output• Storage and memorySoftware• Use of applicationsPersonnel• Primary care providers Training & Education• On site Purchase of Product• Through Professionals• Private sector ContinuedMaintenance
UTOPIA Project• Facilitates health andhappiness in various ways HOMIE• Able to understand itsowner‟s emotions COMPANIONS Project• Pro-activityPicture retrieved from: Kriglstein, S. &Wallner, 2005
Barriers of “Buddy”• Gaining provider acceptance for installation anddistribution• Costs for creation and for purchase• Consumer acceptance• Health conditions that make it difficult for patientuse• Similarity to existing products may createcompetition
Cost for making oneartificial companion• Voice detection technology:$8,000• Training of provider: $1,000• Touch Sensation technology:$8,000• Microphone and speakers:$5,000• Applications for surveyconduction: $4,000• Application using naturallanguage user interface:$10,000• Extra materials: $500• Total = $36,500 Total funding needed• 400 million dollars
Goals• Lower rates of suicidefrom depression• Lower rates ofdepression amongelderly who experiencelonelinessFuture additions• Connection of audiobooks tothe artificial companion toread stories• Face recognition• Enhanced providerintegration: to allow deliveryof cognitive therapytechniques• Improved user integration:accommodations for blind ordeaf patients
Evaluation of “Buddy” to ensure goals are met:• Stage 1 of evaluation: general evaluation of productacceptance Pilot study of 50 users• Stage 2 of evaluation: achievement of projected goals Optional user agreement to share datagathered from surveys by product Improvement of health overall?
Why “Buddy”?• Hopes of launching ourproduct/service• Companionship value,but also adjunct totreatment• Benefits to targetpopulations, overallimprovement in health Development Plan:• Year One: Audiobooks• Year Two: Facialrecognition• Year Three: Enhancedprovider integration
Bickmore, T., Caruso, L., Clough-Gorr, K., & Heeren, T. (2005). „It‟s just like you talk toa friend‟ relational agents for older adults. Interacting with Computers, 17(6), 711-735. Botek, A. (2012). The elder loneliness epidemic. Retrieved January 23, 2013, fromhttp://www.agingcare.com/Articles/loneliness-in-the-elderly-151549.htm Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Association of ChronicDisease Directors. The State of Mental Health and Aging in America Issue Brief 1:What Do the Data Tell Us? Atlanta, GA: National Association of Chronic DiseaseDirectors; 2008. Gammon, K. (2012). Why loneliness can be deadly. Retrieved January 23, 2012, fromhttp://www.livescience.com/18800-loneliness-health-problems.html Kidd, C., Lee, C., Lesh, N., Rich, C., & Sidner, C. (2005). Explorations in engagementfor humans and robots. Artificial Intelligence, 166(1), 140-164. Kriglstein, S. & Wallner, Gunter. (2005). HOMIE: an artificial companion for elderlypeople. CHI ’05 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing, 2094-2098. doi:10.1145/1056808.1057106 Mival, O., Cringean, S., & Benyon, D. (2004). Personification technologies: developingartificial companions for older people. 1-8http://web.media.mit.edu/~guy/lab/chi04/mival04.pdf Peltu, M. & Wilks, Y. (2008). Close engagements with artificial companions: key social,psychological, ethical, and design issues. Oxford Internet Institute, 14,1-33.