Nelson Mandela Nobel Peace SpeachPresentation Transcript
Nelson Mandela’s Nobel Peace Prize Speech December 10, 1993 By Dan November
The South African Apartheid 1948 to 1994. Meaning “separateness” Imposed by the British Colonists Segregated Blacks, Coloreds (mixed races) from whites Took away Blacks citizenships Education, medical care, and public services were all segregated and unequal to Blacks and Coloreds
Early Life Given name: Rolihlahla Mandela Born in Transkei, South Africa July 18, 1918 Born into the Tembu Tribe Wesleyan Mission School Attended University College of Fort Hare - BA University of Witwatersrand - Degree in Law
After University He left for Johannesburg Became an apprentice at a law firm First contact with the affects of the Apartheid
African National Congress Founded 1912 Democratic Party Increase the rights of Blacks Mandela joined “Youth League” in 1944 Military Section: Umkhontowe Sizwe (Spear of the Nation) was formed by Mandela in 1961 Inspired by Gandhi
Imprisonment 1956–1961 Charged with treason ANC banned 1962 Charged with sabotage ( 5 year sentence) 1964 Life in Prison Tried to start talks Released in 1990 by President Frederik Willem de Klerk
After Release He knew the only way to make progress to end the Apartheid was to have negotiation talks with de Klerk Became President of the ANC in 1991 Created the “Truth and Reconciliation Committee” Winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, shared with de Klerk
Nobel Peace Prize First awarded in 1901 90 Laureates Given to those who exemplify: ”The person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses"
The Speech Began by thanking everyone who was involved with helping to end the Apartheid Pays respects to Martin Luther King jr. “It will and must be measured by the happiness and welfare of the children, at once the most vulnerable citizens in any society and the greatest of our treasures. “ Says it can never happen again Acknowledges there are those who do not believe in the change
The Speech, Continued Asks for the release of AungSan SuuKyi “We do not believe that this Nobel Peace Prize is intended as a commendation for matters that have happened and passed. “ Challenges the world with a MLK quote: “Humanity can no longer be tragically bound to the starless midnight of racism and war. “
Sharing the Prize The 1993 Nobel Peace Prize was split between Nelson Mandela and President FrederikWillem de Klerk De Klerks speech focused on moving forward from the Apartheid How strong the country is Creating a better society
Bibliography 1.Adam, Anthony. "The Common People View of Nelson Mandela." Telephone interview. 5 Nov. 2009. 2.BRINK, ANDRE. "Time 100: Nelson Mandela." Time 100: Nelson Mandela. Web. <http://www.time.com/time/time100/leaders/profile/mandela.html>. 3."Nelson Mandela." Nelson Mandela Biography. Nobel Prize. Web. 7 Nov. 2009. <http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/>. 4."The Nobel Peace Prize 1991." The Nobel Peace Prize 1991. Web. <http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1991/press.html>.