Brown v. board of education<br />Elizabeth De Block<br />
Earl warren<br />Born on March 19,1891 in Los Angeles<br />Earned law degree at University of CA<br />Appointed attorney g...
Historical background<br />Plessy v. Ferguson 1896- establishes the “separate but equal” doctrine<br />Different interpret...
Historical background<br />The case combined several cases from Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia, and Delaware.<br />The m...
Main idea<br />The court found that even if segregated schools had identical facilities (which wasn’t usually the case), s...
effects<br />The court passed a 2nd clause for the decision dealing with implementation.<br />The cases would be brought b...
effects<br />It forced Americans to redefine the meaning of “all men are created equal.”<br />It destroyed the “separate b...
Works cited<br />&quot;Brown v. Board of Education.&quot; pbs.org. Public Broadcasting Corporation, <br />Web. 27 Sept. 20...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Brown V Board Of Ed

1,074 views

Published on

Elizabeth De Block

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,074
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
8
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
21
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Brown V Board Of Ed

  1. 1. Brown v. board of education<br />Elizabeth De Block<br />
  2. 2. Earl warren<br />Born on March 19,1891 in Los Angeles<br />Earned law degree at University of CA<br />Appointed attorney general of CA in 1939<br />Governor of CA from 1942-1950<br />Ran for vice president in 1948 unsuccessfully<br />Appointed chief justice by President Eisenhower and serves from 1953-1969<br />Known for controversial decisions about civil rights<br />First major case was Brown v. Board of Education<br />Engle v. Vitale 1962: prayer in public school is unconstitutional<br />Miranda v. Arizona 1966: authorities must inform criminal suspects of their rights<br />
  3. 3. Historical background<br />Plessy v. Ferguson 1896- establishes the “separate but equal” doctrine<br />Different interpretation of the 14th amendment<br />Court battles with this issue for over 50 years<br />People take advantage of this doctrine to oppress African Americans<br />“Separate but equal” doesn’t become an issue in education until later due to the slow development of public education.<br />
  4. 4. Historical background<br />The case combined several cases from Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia, and Delaware.<br />The most famous case and namesake is that of Linda Brown and her family.<br />1952- The case was heard by Chief Justice Fred Vinson<br />No decision was reached<br />He died that year and was replaced by Earl Warren<br />1953- The case was reargued<br />1954- The court reached a unanimous decision declaring “separate but equal” unconstitutional.<br />
  5. 5. Main idea<br />The court found that even if segregated schools had identical facilities (which wasn’t usually the case), something about them was “inherently unequal.”<br />They came to the conclusion that segregation itself “had a detrimental effect” and was giving African American children a sense of “inferiority” that “affects the motivation of a child to learn.”<br />They also declared that segregation violates the 14th amendment of equal protection under the law.<br />
  6. 6. effects<br />The court passed a 2nd clause for the decision dealing with implementation.<br />The cases would be brought back to the state courts so states could set up a means for integration in their public schools.<br />This didn’t acknowledge the problem of balance.<br />Many states fought back against mandated integration.<br />Changed public schools into private schools and charged whites tuition<br />Angry mobs prevented African American students from entering schools.<br />Example: Little Rock Nine 1957<br />
  7. 7. effects<br />It forced Americans to redefine the meaning of “all men are created equal.”<br />It destroyed the “separate but equal” loophole in the 14th amendment.<br />Step in the right direction for African Americans gaining equality in society<br />Major stimulus to civil rights movement<br />
  8. 8. Works cited<br />&quot;Brown v. Board of Education.&quot; pbs.org. Public Broadcasting Corporation, <br />Web. 27 Sept. 2009.<br />&quot;Earl Warren.&quot; American History. ABC-CLIO, 2009. Web. 24 Sept. 2009. <br />&lt;http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com&gt;.<br />&quot;School Desegregation.&quot; American History. ABC-CLIO, 2009. Web. 24 Sept. <br />2009. &lt;http://www.americanhistory.abc-clio.com&gt;.<br />

×