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  • My name is Jenna Cordes and I am going to discuss the educational issue of full day kindergarten.
  • Full day kindergarten has become more popular in public schools in recent years. Many single parents and dual income families encourage full day kindergarten. The support for full day kindergarten from these parents has arisen out of the issue of childcare. If their child goes to school all day, there is less of a need for childcare. Full day kindergarten aids in a young child’s academic and social development.
  • According to the authors of the article, Full-Day vs. Half-Day Kindergarten: In Which Program Do Children Learn More?, the first kindergarten class in the United States was founded in 1857 in Wisconsin. This particular class was German speaking. The first English speaking kindergarten class was not established until 1873 in St. Louis. When kindergarten was first founded, it was a full day program.
  • Having full day kindergarten in public schools means that the kindergarten students go to school for as long as the older children in the school. All of the students would be on the same bell schedule and bussing schedule. The funding for half day and full day programs varies by state. Each state has a different funding law. In Alabama, six hours is considered enough for a full day and it is funded by the state. Alaska funds more for full day than half day kindergarten. In Arizona, there is the same funding for full day and half day kindergarten. Michigan has no minimum number of hours a kindergartener has to go to school each day. Michigan also provides the same amount of funding for grades K-12 whether or not it is full or half day.
  • There are a few causes for legislation. Minority and low income students do better when provided with stability. Full day kindergarten gives them a better opportunity to succeed in the classroom. Another reason for the legislation is that teachers can identify with their students better if they see them all day every school day. The teachers can learn each student’s needs and help them do the best they can.
  • There are a few major benefits to full day kindergarten. Students get ahead on the curriculum by attending full day kindergarten which helps them in the long run. There is also a greater improvement on social development due to full day kindergarten. This happens because the kindergarteners are exposed to children the same age for almost twice as long each day as half day kindergarteners. This social development also leads to better behavior. The students learn how to nicely interact with each other quicker. Parents of kindergarteners are rooting for full day to become mandatory due to the idea that many households have working parents and no childcare.
  • Due to the fact that Michigan provides equal funding for every grade, the higher grades would not be affected by the full day program. The full day program better prepares kindergarteners which puts them ahead for at least the couple of years following kindergarten. The children who are at risk have somewhere to go and are more likely to succeed and do well for the rest of his or her schooling.
  • There is a possible negative impact on K-12 education due to the full day program. There will be a need for more classrooms and full time teachers to accommodate the number of students who would be there all day. The full day kindergarten program may be overwhelming to younger students because there will be so many students in one building.
  • In 2007, Rhode Island passed a law which requires for kindergarteners to go to school full time starting in August, 2010. The idea of full day kindergarten has been presented in Michigan.
  • Michigan Senator Clark-Coleman has recently presented the idea of full day kindergarten. Her bill is Senate Bill 162 and it would make full day kindergarten mandatory in public schools in Michigan.
  • In conclusion, kindergarteners may thrive academically, socially and behaviorally. The funding for kindergarten programs varies by state. Many parents are preferring full day kindergarten due to the childcare issue. Full day kindergarten helps provide at risk children with a safe place to be during the day. If this program becomes mandatory, there will be a need for more teachers and classrooms. Full day kindergarten may be in the future for Michigan schools.

Transcript

  • 1. Full Day Kindergarten
    By: Jenna Cordes
    EDU 290 9:30
    April 1, 2010
    By: Pink Sherbet Photography
  • 2. Importance of Full Day Kindergarten
    Single-Parents
    Dual Income Families
    Academic and Social Development
    By: Pink Sherbet Photography
  • 3. History
    First kindergarten in United States in 1857
    First English speaking in St. Louis in 1873
    Kindergarten back then was full day
    By: Whitby Archives
  • 4. Full Day Kindergarten
    Kindergarten lasts as long as the normal whole day of school
    Funding varies by State and duration of school day
    By: alancleaver_2000
  • 5. Causes For Legislation
    Minority and low income students
    Teacher identification of students
    By: cliff1066
  • 6. Benefits of Full Day Kindergarten
    Academic success
    Greater social development
    Better behavior
    Preferred by parents
    By: woodleywonderworks
  • 7. Impact on K-12 Education
    In Michigan, no impact on funding by grade
    Better prepares children academically
    At risk children achieve
    By: The U.S. Army
  • 8. Impact on K-12 Education
    More classrooms needed to accommodate students
    More teachers needed
    Overwhelming to young students
    By: Kash_if
  • 9. What is Being Done
    Rhode Island requires full time program for 2010-2011
    Idea of full day kindergarten presented in Michigan
    By: RBerteig
  • 10. Senate Bill 162 (Clark-Coleman)
    Proposed in Michigan by Senator Clark-Coleman
    Mandatory full day kindergarten
    By: jimbowen0306
  • 11. Full Day Kindergarten
    Academic, social and behavioral advantages
    Funding varies by state
    Preferred by most parents
    Helps at risk children succeed
    Requires more classrooms and teachers
    May be the future for Michigan kindergartener
    By: laffy4k
  • 12. Image Resources
    Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinksherbet/3387327059/sizes/s/
    Author: Pink Sherbet Photography (D Sharon Pruitt)
    File Name: Free School Child Choosing Aqua Blue Colored Pencil (unedited) Creative Commons
    Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/pinksherbet/234942843/sizes/s/
    Author: Pink Sherbet Photography (D Sharon Pruitt)
    File Name: Free Two Happy Girls Holding Hands Walking to School at Sunrise Creative Commons
    Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/alancleaver/2638883650/sizes/s/
    Author: alancleaver_2000
    File Name: Piggy savings bank
    Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/nostri-imago/2872099576/sizes/s/
    Author: cliff1066
    File Name: Classroom with Three Figures
    Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/wwworks/2908834853/sizes/s/
    Author: woodleywonderworks
    File Name: Kindergarten is Fun
    Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/whitbyarchives/2613662068/sizes/s/
    Author: Whitby Archives
    File Name: Ashburn School Class, 1907
    Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/soldiersmediacenter/3533613437/
    Author: The U.S. Army
    File Name: Kindergarten Students from Nasiriyah, Iraq
  • 13. Image Resources Continued
    Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/kash_if/3687010453/sizes/s/
    Author: Kash_if
    File Name: Let me learn
    Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/rberteig/177100826/sizes/s/
    Author: Rberteig
    File Name: Lefty Clock
    Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/jamiedfw/508520275/sizes/s/
    Author: jimbowen0306
    File Name: Michigan State Capitol
    Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/laffy4k/404298099/sizes/s/
    Author: laffy4k
    File Name: Crayon Tips
    All images are from www.flickr.com
  • 14. Informational Citations
    Clark-Coleman, Irma. (2008). Sen. Clark-Coleman Calls for Mandatory All-day Kindergarten. March 23, 2010, http://www.senate.mi.gov/dem/pr.php?id=900.
    Szyba, Randall T. (2007). Senate bill calls for all-day kindergarten statewide by 2010. March 23, 2010, http://www.rilin.state.ri.us/news/pr1.asp?prid=3803 .
    Lee, Valerie E., Burkam, David T., Ready, Douglas, Honigman, Joann, Meisels, Samuel J. (2005). Full Day Vs. Half Day Kindergarten: In Which Program Do Children Learn More? March 23, 2010, http://school.elps.k12.mi.us/kindergarten-study/Full-Half_U_of_M_study_V_Lee_et_al.pdf .
    Clark, Patricia. (2010). Recent Research on All-Day Kindergarten. March 23, 2010, http://www.education.com/reference/article/Ref_Recent_Research_All/ .
    NEA. (2010). Full-day Kindergarten: State Policy in Alphabetical Order. March 23, 2010, http://www.nea.org/assets/docs/mf_FullDayKinStates2007.pdf .
    NEA. (2010). All Children Benefit from High-Quality Full-Day Kindergarten Programs. March 23, 2010, http://www.nea.org/assets/docs/mf_fdkfactsheet.pdf .