Livestock in the New CGIAR Consortium


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Presentation from the Livestock Inter-Agency Donor Group (IADG) Meeting 2010. 4-5 May 2010 Italy, Rome IFAD Headquarters.

The event involved approximately 45 representatives from the international partner agencies to discuss critical needs for livestock development and research issues for the coming decade.

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Livestock in the New CGIAR Consortium

  1. 1. Steve Staal, ILRI Livestock WeekIFAD, 4-6 May 2010 1
  2. 2. Consortium Board and CEO to oversee all CGIARcenter research First meeting in Nairobi, March 2010 CEO to be recruited Consortium HQ either Addis Ababa, Delhi, Montpellier, Nairobi or RomeStrategic Results Framework to set prioritiesMegaprograms for delivery Currently 7, may expand to 15 Initial CN’s being submitted this week To be reviewed externally and by Consortium Board end May Those agreed go to full Proposal developmentMulti-donor fund managed by a Fund CouncilPerformance contracts 2
  3. 3. MP1: Integrated agriculture systems for the poorand vulnerable (potential fast tracked) Integrated agriculture for dryland systems Integrated agriculture for tropical humid systems Integrated coastal/aquatic systems MP2: Policies, institutions, and markets forenabling agricultural incomes for the poor 3
  4. 4. MP3: Sustainable staple food productivity increasefor global food security (probably multiple MPs,some potential fast tracked) Rice Maize Wheat Cluster: Pulses and legumes Cluster: Roots and tubers, bananas and plantains Cluster: Sorghum, millet and barley Cluster: Livestock and fish 4
  5. 5. MP4: Agriculture, nutrition and healthMP5: Water scarcity and land degradationMP6: Forests and TreesMP7: Climate Change (potential fast tracked) 5
  6. 6. Systems with the deepest endemic poverty and with the mostvulnerable people ≤200 mm rainfall- Saharan and part of Sahelian zones in AfricaSystems with the greatest potential to impact on poor in the shortto medium term 300 to 600 mm, Sahelian countries in West AfricaSystems most vulnerable/at risk to degradation and climatevariability 500 to 900 mm - North Soudanian, Sub Sahelian climate (West Africa)Types of intervention testing and research Information (weather, prices) and tools (eg index based livestock insurance) to manage weather and other risks Participatory approaches to land use planning and conflict management Payment for environmental services schemes Ag, livestock and NRM technologies and practices validated, adapted and assessed in system context Institutional innovations around increasing market access 6
  7. 7. Intensification strategies, crops, feeds, nutrient cycling,environmental management (an important componenthere relates to trade offs in biomass use) Feeding strategies in value chain context Combining feed and breed with risk mitigating animal health and insurance options Optimising crop and livestock husbandry, crop residue use Balanced feed options with positive environmental impacts (including number of animals) Manure management optionsLonger term institutional and environmentalsustainability including issues related to policies toprovide enabling environment, incentives andregulations Land policy/regulations Incentives/regulations relating to environmental issues 7
  8. 8. Policies and investments that enable poverty-reducing agriculturalgrowth modeling for strategic foresight and future scenarios international trade, macro and non-agricultural policies production, natural resources and technology policies, and policy processValue chains input and output markets, incentives testing interventions and capacity building chain analysis methods, analysis of demand driversEnabling institutions and governance for the poor governance in input/service supply collective actionLivestock research elements Livestock-specific features of modeling (asset accumulation, natural resource interactions, non-market products and cost items) Animal health issues in market, policy Crop-livestock interaction and resource use pressures Demand-led development interventions in the value chain Data and sampling issues specific to livestock
  9. 9. Targeting and outcome assessment Mapping of priority livestock and fish , targeting strategies for specific technology, strategy and policy interventions based on system analysis Needs and constraints assessment and prioritization for the Program, including gender analyses Analysis of child nutrition impacts in livestock/fish production systems, and strategies to increase availability of these high nutrient products to rural children. Outcome and communications strategies across Program activities Impact assessments of to guide research (re) design 9
  10. 10. Characterization, conservation, and selective breeding Better understanding of the genetic attributes of various livestock breeds and the systems under which they can be are raised Mapping of genotypes for conservation Develop bio-banking protocols and systems, including phenotypic descriptions of biobanked material from indigenous livestock and fish populations.Improved delivery of genetics Adapt enhanced reproductive technologies and strategies to multiply and deliver appropriate livestock genotypesExploring applications from new science Development of new tools to allow integration of sequence data with rich phenotypic data including systems analysis. Reproductive tools to discover and to exploit discoveries in functional genomics to improve livestock productivity under various production systems 10
  11. 11. Producing more and better quality forage and feedresources: Including crop residue fodder traits (quantity and quality) in multidimensional crop improvement to exploit genetic variation and by further targeted genetic enhancement towards dual-purpose traits using conventional and marker assisted crop breeding. Improved dual purpose varieties of food – feed crops, and improved pastures and forage optionsMaking better use of available feeds: Harnessing spin-off technologies from 2nd generation bio fuel technologies to improved basal diets Strategic/smart supplementation strategies, byproduct based rations with under-exploited local ingredients Improving provision of forages and feeds through markets, and sustainable forage and fodder crop seed/germplasm systems 11
  12. 12. Vaccines and diagnostics for orphan viral, bacterialand protozoan diseases for which there are few orno other providers (with focus on endemicdiseases threatening productivity, survival andmarket access)Thermostabilization of current vaccinesIdentification of vaccine antigens and proof-of-concept vaccine trials for priority diseasesDevelopment of molecular fingerprinting tools forpathogen detection and surveillanceDisease risk assessment and disease modelingStrategies for delivery of improved healthinterventions to producers 12
  13. 13. Development strategies for pro-poor value chains forlivestock and fish products Systems for sustainable production and delivery of appropriate livestock and fish genetics with private & public partners Systems for improved disease surveillance and control, both within production systems and along product supply chains, focused on endemic diseases Strategies for technology integration and innovation- feeds, health and genetics for sustained productivity increases Testing adapted organisational mechanims (hubs, innovation platforms, SME’s, PPPs) to facilitate the access to knowledge, information and technology, and increase value , including post-harvest. Livestock and fish product and post harvest process development, including food safety and certification systems 13
  14. 14. Agriculture for improved food security, diet quality, and nutrition. Develop, test, approaches to maximize the impact of agriculture on improving the availability, access to consumption of nutritious and diverse foods – focus on women and young children; to increase global awareness and knowledge of the importance of nutritious foods and high-quality diets BioforticationManaging the multiple burdens of agriculture- associated disease (mostlyzoonotics) Measure the human health burden (DALYs), and other burdens of AADs including equity; economic cost of lost human and animal productivity; trade; market access; ecosystem services; Develop and scientifically evaluate better ways of managing priority AADs. Integrated ways of studying and tackling zoonotic and other diseases, based on Ecohealth and One World, One Health approaches Scenario and other futures analysis to understand disease trajectories, risk analysis for better managing food and water borne disease and occupational hazards; ,and identify mitigation options Value chain analysis to upgrade the ability of value chains to deliver safe products Evidence for the development of more effective surveillance and response systems 14
  15. 15. Delivering greater water and land productivity in rainfedand irrigated systemsEnhancing and safeguarding land and water access for thepoor especially womenImproving land and soil health and water quality toreverse widespread soil nutrient depletion and degradationof ecosystem servicesEnhancing ecosystem services and building resilience tomaintain vital ecosystemsLivestock research elements Improved land and water management to support pastoral livestock systems Improved water use efficiency of livestock production in crop- livestock systems 15
  16. 16. Adaptation to Decadal Climate ChangeAdaptation Pathways for Current Climate RiskPoverty Alleviation through MitigationDiagnosis and Vulnerability Assessment forMaking Strategic ChoicesLivestock research elements Improved management of C-L systems to enhance adaptation Understanding role of livestock in CC In situ conservation of livestock genetics needed for adaptation Increased productivity of livestock for mitigation 16
  17. 17. Bulk of livestock research likely to be containedwithin MP3 Livestock and Fish Opportunities for new synergy Productivity plus tools for uptake and impact Better focus?MP4 Ag for Health & Nutrition however containssignificant animal health and food safety research,growing area of demandLivestock research component within Systems,Policy/Markets, Water/Soil and Climate ChangeNew levels of interaction are apparent already 17
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