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Strengthening pastoralists andecological livestock keepers bybuilding on their local knowledge,breeds and resourcesEvelyn ...
Focus of work informed by learnings from LPP’s initial activities:    Livestock keepers play a key role in    the creation...
History of LPP Founded in 1992 after a study in Rajasthan, India showed:   camel numbers ↓   lack of breeding bulls   anim...
History ctd.But: technical interventions are of little use for livestock keepers if their grazing land is turned into a pr...
Advantages of local livestock breeds  Are mostly independent of external inputs  Can stand droughts and are easy to manage...
ConstraintsLocal breeds perceived as unproductiveAre being replaced and diluted withindustrial breedsLack of awareness abo...
The LIFE NetworkLIFE= Local Livestock for Empowerment  Founded in 2000  Loose action research and advocacy  network of CSO...
LIFE‘s philosophy: EndogenousLivestock Development (ELD) ELD strengthens local initiatives and builds on local resources: ...
LPP/LIFE-Network
Methods Herder workshops Multi-stakeholder workshops Writeshops Publications and films literature reviews and field resear...
Activities Promotion of Livestock Keepers’ Rights LIFE method of breed documentation Biocultural protocols Community-based...
Livestock Keepers’ Rights 3 principles + 5 rights: essential for livestock keepers to continue maintain and develop their ...
3 principles enshrine right to land        Livestock Keepers              Culture,             traditional             kno...
Example Chilka buffalo breeders        in Orissa, IndiaLPP/LIFE-Network
5 Livestock Keepers’ Rights Make breeding decision and breed own breeds Participation in policy formulation and implementa...
Life method for breeddocumentation: what is different? Understands breeds as products of social networks Is not a fixed me...
Life documentation Karamoja,Uganda
Red Maasai sheep of Samburuin Kenya
Ankole cattle in Uganda
Community protocols Developed in context of Access and Benefit Sharing Regime of Convention on Biological Diversity Highli...
Future plans Continue work on   Livestock Keepers Rights and   Community Protocls   Code of Conduct,   Capacity building o...
Requests mentioned byindigenous peoples duringconsultations Avoid abbreviations and use simple language Make pastoralism m...
Thanks toDEZA, HIVOS-Oxfam Novib Biodiversity Fund, Misereor and Swedbiofor financial support. The opinions expressed in t...
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Strengthening Pastoralists and Ecological Livestock Keepers by Building on their Local Knowledge, Breeds and Resources

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Presentation from the Informal Consultation on Livestock Issues between the FAO Animal Production and Health Division and interested Non-Governmental Organizations. 1–2 December 2009 Italy, Rome FAO Headquarters.

[ Originally posted on http://www.cop-ppld.net/cop_knowledge_base ]

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Transcript of "Strengthening Pastoralists and Ecological Livestock Keepers by Building on their Local Knowledge, Breeds and Resources"

  1. 1. Strengthening pastoralists andecological livestock keepers bybuilding on their local knowledge,breeds and resourcesEvelyn MathiasLeague for Pastoral Peoples andEndogenous Livestock Development (LPP)evelyn@mamud.comPresentation at the FAO-NGO Informal Consultation onLivestock Issues 2009 in Rome, 1-2 December 2009
  2. 2. Focus of work informed by learnings from LPP’s initial activities: Livestock keepers play a key role in the creation and sustainable management of local breeds Local breeds and mobile pastoralism offer great potential for sustainable food production in marginal areas
  3. 3. History of LPP Founded in 1992 after a study in Rajasthan, India showed: camel numbers ↓ lack of breeding bulls animal health services Technical interventions such as community-based animal health care and provision of breeding bulls
  4. 4. History ctd.But: technical interventions are of little use for livestock keepers if their grazing land is turned into a protected area or agricultural land! capacity and institution building, field work through partners networking and advocacy
  5. 5. Advantages of local livestock breeds Are mostly independent of external inputs Can stand droughts and are easy to manage Use local vegetation and have no carbon footprint Have been with their keepers for generations Often have potential for speciality products
  6. 6. ConstraintsLocal breeds perceived as unproductiveAre being replaced and diluted withindustrial breedsLack of awareness about their benefitsLivestock keepers are not wellorganisedAbsence of marketing support
  7. 7. The LIFE NetworkLIFE= Local Livestock for Empowerment Founded in 2000 Loose action research and advocacy network of CSOs and individuals working at the grassroots levels LIFE includes livestock keepers, government staff, scientists, NGO staff Collaborate on the basis of a common Charter
  8. 8. LIFE‘s philosophy: EndogenousLivestock Development (ELD) ELD strengthens local initiatives and builds on local resources: local knowledge, local institutions, local genetic resources. Recognises that Livestock Keepers may be poor, but they have great assets and resources: their local breeds and natural resources their local knowledge
  9. 9. LPP/LIFE-Network
  10. 10. Methods Herder workshops Multi-stakeholder workshops Writeshops Publications and films literature reviews and field research “Hands-on” training in advocacy through inviting interested CSOs to collaborate in activities during intergovernmental processes
  11. 11. Activities Promotion of Livestock Keepers’ Rights LIFE method of breed documentation Biocultural protocols Community-based breed conservation Development of a Code of Conduct Marketing niche products from local breeds
  12. 12. Livestock Keepers’ Rights 3 principles + 5 rights: essential for livestock keepers to continue maintain and develop their local breeds Developed through a series of stakeholder consultations involving livestock keepers, NGOs and other stakeholders Necessary because issues in livestock development differ from issues around plants
  13. 13. 3 principles enshrine right to land Livestock Keepers Culture, traditional knowledgebreed environment
  14. 14. Example Chilka buffalo breeders in Orissa, IndiaLPP/LIFE-Network
  15. 15. 5 Livestock Keepers’ Rights Make breeding decision and breed own breeds Participation in policy formulation and implementation Appropriate services (animal health and management, marketing) Participation in (identification of) research Access of information (returning research advice, provide legal advice)
  16. 16. Life method for breeddocumentation: what is different? Understands breeds as products of social networks Is not a fixed method but set of possible actions and participatory methods that can be combined and adapted Captures priorities of livestock keepers and their indigenous knowledge about animal breeding Powerful tool for awareness raising on value of local breeds and empowerment of communities
  17. 17. Life documentation Karamoja,Uganda
  18. 18. Red Maasai sheep of Samburuin Kenya
  19. 19. Ankole cattle in Uganda
  20. 20. Community protocols Developed in context of Access and Benefit Sharing Regime of Convention on Biological Diversity Highlight traditional institutions and contribution of livestock keeepers, their needs and rights Tool for empowerment and furthering in-situ conservation
  21. 21. Future plans Continue work on Livestock Keepers Rights and Community Protocls Code of Conduct, Capacity building of Animal Genetic Resources stakeholders New areas: Research on women and local breeds Writeshop on pastoral value chains and marketing
  22. 22. Requests mentioned byindigenous peoples duringconsultations Avoid abbreviations and use simple language Make pastoralism more visible in FAO terminology – e.g. pastoralists are not “small-scale livestock keepers” as the definition of the Intergovernmental Working Group on Animal Genetic Resources suggests
  23. 23. Thanks toDEZA, HIVOS-Oxfam Novib Biodiversity Fund, Misereor and Swedbiofor financial support. The opinions expressed in this presentation arethose of LPP and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of theseorganizations.All livestock keepers and partners and other stakeholders who havecontributed to the development of the LKR Declaration, Code of ConductetcMost photos courtesy of Ilse Koehler-Rollefsonwww.pastoralpeoples.org, www.lifeinitiative.net
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