Welcome to library instruction for Principals of Management and Leadership. My name is Kim Copenhaver and I am the library liaison for the Behavioral Sciences Collegium. I was asked by Prof. Bohlander to speak to you today in support of the assignment that you have for her class. I hope by the end of class today, you will have learned how to analyze, search for and evaluate the information you need to complete the assignment.
Analyze: What do you want to find out? What is your goal and what type of information helps you reach your goal? Search: How to navigate the resources of the library ( keywords and advanced search methods) Evaluate: Determine the best source of information to use by examining its relevance, currency and credibility.
According to Professor Bohlander you have been asked to create an annotated bibliography composed of 5 sources from the professional literature in management and leadership. These sources should not be from the assigned class readings, but from books located in the library or articles from the library journal databases. At least one book and one article should be from a peer-reviewed journal. It appears to me that there is a common theme here…resources must be from the library. So let’s take a look at the sources that you might find at the library.
Why should I use the library? Google is faster and easier! 279,000 in a general google search, 25,000 in a Google Scholar search and 19 using the library databases. All I need is Wikipedia. Show disclaimer.
Now that we have identified what the requirements of the assignment are, we need to determine what type of resources meet those requirements. There are many different types of sources available at the library, but not all of them will meet the needs of your assignment. I’ve brought a few samples of sources that you might find in the library with me today and I would like to give you all the opportunity to take a look at a few of them today. Please take a look at your tent card and form five groups of 6 for the activity. Please have one person from the group come and collect the materials for your group. Nominate one person to be the group recorder and one additional person to be the reporter.
Searching on the internet takes more time, because you are going to have to weed out many items that don’t meet the requirements of the assignment. Use the preselected items from the library to focus your search on the best places to locate the items that you are looking for.
So now, we know what our information need is, we know what sources might satisfy this need, but how do we locate these sources in the library There are two places that I recommend when starting your search for sources. The library subject guides and the online course guide created for your class.
Demonstrate selected subject guides.
Demonstrate find books. Service learning – title keyword books, journals, online resources
How many of you have struggled with initially determining the focus of your research? For many students, this is often one of the most difficult aspects of the research process.,
Concept Maps are a way to graphically represent ideas and show how they relate to each other. It is a tangible way to display how your mind “sees” a particlular topic. By constructing a concept map, you reflect on what you know , taking advantage of prior information and identify what you don’t know.
Concept maps also help point out areas that you don’t have information on highlighting topics that you need to acquire information on.
Examining both of these aspects can be very helpful when trying to determine the focus of your research project.
Now we know how to find books, but what about those articles. We have to search the library databases to locate the articles we need for the assignment. Note not all databases speak the same language. What key concept works in one database may not work in another. WE may need to search more than one database.
Concept mapping involves defining a topic; adding related topics; and linking related ideas. These are important steps toward organizing research concepts and can help you formulate a research outline or strategy. Because concept maps illustrate a central theme and related themes, using these maps help focus a topic and can be very helpful when creating search strategies.
Concept maps, allow you to : Narrow down your topic (e.g., management and volunteers)
Add a clarification term to focus the topic (e.g., management and volunteers aqnd nonprofit)
Create a search strategy using synonyms (e.g., volunteer or docent)
This is an example of a top down model where the main concept is placed at the top. Helpful if you already have an idea of the structgure of your topic. Since most students start the research process with little information about the topic it is often helpful to start with a spider model which places the main idea in the center of the network and related ideas surrounding it.
Bubbl.us is a free software program that I highly recommend especially when attempting to organize group projects.
Let’s take a look at a sample concept map for the topic of Motivation. Remember to think of all aspects of a topic and from different perspectives. The viewpoint of motivation from an employee may be very different than an employers perspective. Ask yourself the who, what, when where and whys. Who are we motivating? Why are motivating? What type of organization are dealing with? When are focused on motivation? Is it at a peak time of business? What can we add to this concept map? Add VOLUNTEER bubble. Now that we have identified the key concepts of a topic, it is time to narrow our focus to only two or maybe three key areas? What will your focus be? For today’s class let’s focus on volunteer motivation in a nonprofit organization.
Why all this work breaking our topic into key words? Can’t I just type my topic statement into a search engine?
Library databases cannot use natural language in the same way we speak to one another. We have to break our topic up in to key search statements. Not all databases speak the same lanaguage. What key concept works in one database may not work in another. If your topic is international in scope there may be alternate spellings for some words.
Now that you have identtified the key concepts and considered alternative perspectives it is time to translate those main ideas into language of your discipline. The best way to do this is to immerse yourself in the vocabulary of the discipline and translate your key concepts into the language of your topic.
Luckily there are library resources available to help you get up to speed with the vocabulary and jargon that may be specific to the management literature. The two I would like you to focus upon today are subject specific encyclopedias and subject specific dictionaries. They can be found in the library or online via the reference shelf located on the library home page.
Take a moment to fill in the key concepts of your research topic. You may utilize the online reference materials or consult any of the reference materials that I have brought to class today.
Think, Pair and Share with the student to your left . Was anyone able to add any additional terms to their list?
Group 2: Would you share your experience with the class.
Thank you. Excellent. Having synonyms readily avilabel will be of great benefit to you as you begin to search the library catalog for relevant material.
In the same way mathematicians combine numbers using operators (+, -) to create equations, librarians combine key concepts with Boolean connectors to create search strategies. It may sound complicated, but it really is as easy as 2+2. Let’s take a look at the search term worksheet together.
Let me demonstrate with the following example:
If you are a college student please stand and remain standing.
Now If you are a college student AND also a male remain standing.
What just happened?
By combining our two key concepts with the AND connector we narrowed our result set to only those items that have both key traits in common.
How could this be helpful when creating search strategies? Remember our concept map? We can use the key terms from our brainstorming session in conjunction with the AND command to locate library resources that have only our key concepts in common.
That will save you a lot of time.
Lets look at an example.
Motivation AND volunteer AND nonprofit
Any questions on how AND narrows the results returned?
What happens if we receive too few results in a database search? We need to broaden our search.
We can expand the number of results returned by using the OR command. For example: If you are a college student with brown hair please stand and remain standing.
Now if you are college student with blond hair, please stand.
What just happened?
We increased the number of results returned.
Do they have all key terms in common?
Let’s take a look at an example.
After creating at least two search statements turn to the student on your right and share your results.
Let’s hear from group 3.
Does anyone have any questions on how to utilize AND and OR to connect key concepts and create search strategies?
Then we are now ready to start utilizing those search statements that you created to locate materials in the library.
That concludes my presentation. I would be happy to answer any questions that you may have at this time.
Using the OR command can be very helpful when searching a word with an alternate spelling like women or womyn or combining synonyms.
Conduct sample search
Analyze your need for information. What are the key concepts of your topic? Create relevant search statements from key concepts.
Kim Copenhaver, Assistant Professor
Instructional Services Librarian
Behavioral Sciences Collegium
Goals for today:
1. Analyze your information need
2. Search for resources to satisfy your
3. Evaluate the resources you find
Analyze Your Information Need:
Citation in MLA or APA format
Summary of the book/article
An analysis of the book/article
Statement of value to your service-learning project
5 sources from the professional literature in
management and leadership.
books located in the library or
articles from the library journal databases.
At least one book and one article should be from a
Jordan, M., & Orwig, B. (2010). Service Learning:
Informing the Science & Art of Leadership.
Nonprofit World, 28 (2), 10-12.
How To Find Full-Text
The Key: Find Journal Titles
Find Journal Titles
Step 1: Locate the name of the journal within
Borghans, L., ter Wheel, B. & Weinberg, B.A.. (2008).
Interpersonal Styles and Labor Market Outcomes.
The Journal of Human Resources, 43(4), 815. Retrieved
November 12, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global.
(Document ID: 1603268711).
Step 2: Use Find Journal Titles to determine if Eckerd
College subscribes to the identified journal.
Using Find Journal Titles:
Type in the title of the journal .
The date of publication (2008) found in your
citation will determine how to access the
Steiner, S., & Watson, M. (2006) The Service Learning
Component in Business Education: The Values Linkage
Void. Academy of Management Learning & Education.
Briarcliff Manor: 5 (4), 422.
APA or MLA
What is an Annotated
An annotated bibliography is more than just a list of
citations to books, articles, and documents.
A brief, descriptive and evaluative paragraph.
The purpose is to inform the reader of the
relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.
Consult the online course guide for information
regarding the recommended content of an annotation.
Cite Your Work
Keys To Success:
Analyze your need for information. What are the
key concepts of your topic?
Search pre-selected library sources for books and
peer reviewed articles.
Evaluate the sources located.
Summarize…Assess….Reflect for the annotated
Ask for help…Phone, email, Meebo chat or just stop
by the library.
•Questions about the assignment?
•Questions about the recommended resources?
•Questions about how to find full-text?
•Questions about how to contact a librarian?