The IFALPA vision Capt. Juan Carlos Lozano – Chairman IFALPA Accident Analysis & Prevention Committee ICAO-COPAC Safety Se...
What Is IFALPA (I) <ul><li>IFALPA is the International Federation of Airline Pilots’ Associations </li></ul><ul><li>A non-...
What Is IFALPA (II) <ul><li>8 technical expert committees </li></ul><ul><li>Accident Analysis & Prevention Committee provi...
IFALPA In Spain <ul><li>SEPLA (Sindicato Español de Pilotos de Líneas Aéreas) is the Spanish Member Association of IFALPA ...
Aviation Safety ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011  The IFALPA Vision on Protection of  Information
The Paradox  <ul><li>Aviation accidents have cost many lives but have saved many more through good investigation </li></ul...
The Method <ul><li>The adoption of a business-like approach to the management of safety, based upon the routine collection...
The needs <ul><li>Operational data must be reliable information from all sources (flight data, voluntary pilot reports, ma...
The Power Of Information ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011  The IFALPA Vision on Protection of  Information
Before We Go Further <ul><li>IFALPA policy: </li></ul><ul><li> “ It would be unacceptable to give blanket immunity from sa...
There Is A Problem <ul><li>If a voluntary reporter is subject to consequences for confessing an honest mistake: </li></ul>...
Consequences <ul><li>There are various ways in which voluntarily provided information can be discouraged: </li></ul><ul><u...
Society Requires A Balanced Approach <ul><li>Society demands further safety improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Society demands...
IFALPA Proposal ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011  The IFALPA Vision on Protection of  Information
Key Element 1: Protection Of Privacy (I) <ul><li>Recordings of the flight deck are essential investigative tools </li></ul...
Key Element 1: Protection Of Privacy (II) <ul><li>Cockpit Voice Recordings are not “voluntarily” provided by pilots </li><...
IFALPA Vision <ul><ul><li>The actual recordings (CVR, ATC inter-facility) must be fully protected from publication </li></...
Key Element 2: Fairness (I) <ul><ul><li>Individuals will not voluntarily provide information if it can be used to harm the...
IFALPA Vision <ul><li>Adopt a standard which gives individuals guidance on how their reports will be used </li></ul><ul><l...
Key element 3: Balanced approach(I) <ul><li>Society will never accept immunity to pilots, controllers, etc. </li></ul><ul>...
Key Element 3: Balanced  Approach (II)  <ul><li>Where an act is done with an intent to cause harm or </li></ul><ul><li>Whe...
IFALPA Vision <ul><li>Unless the previous conditions (intent or carelessness) have been demonstrated, </li></ul><ul><li>In...
Conclusions  ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011  The IFALPA Vision on Protection of  Information
IFALPA Message <ul><li>Appropriate protection of information will allow the interests of society in justice and safety to ...
Thank you ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011  The IFALPA Vision on Protection of  Information
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Juan Carlos Lozano, Chairman of the IFALPA Accident Analysis and Prevention Committee

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The IFALPA view on the protection of safety information by reviewing the current problems found and the proposals from IFALPA to properly address this problem.

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Transcript of "Juan Carlos Lozano, Chairman of the IFALPA Accident Analysis and Prevention Committee"

  1. 1. The IFALPA vision Capt. Juan Carlos Lozano – Chairman IFALPA Accident Analysis & Prevention Committee ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  2. 2. What Is IFALPA (I) <ul><li>IFALPA is the International Federation of Airline Pilots’ Associations </li></ul><ul><li>A non-political and non-profit making organisation </li></ul><ul><li>It stands for over 100,000 airline pilots represented by more than 100 Member Associations from around the world </li></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  3. 3. What Is IFALPA (II) <ul><li>8 technical expert committees </li></ul><ul><li>Accident Analysis & Prevention Committee provides guidance and organisational processes that ensures Federation’s safety activities are focused in the development and implementation of prevention strategies that contribute to improved safety in air transport </li></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  4. 4. IFALPA In Spain <ul><li>SEPLA (Sindicato Español de Pilotos de Líneas Aéreas) is the Spanish Member Association of IFALPA </li></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  5. 5. Aviation Safety ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  6. 6. The Paradox <ul><li>Aviation accidents have cost many lives but have saved many more through good investigation </li></ul><ul><li>A “high cost” learning process </li></ul><ul><li>Past methods are no longer acceptable. We need a new way to improve aviation safety without loss of lives </li></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  7. 7. The Method <ul><li>The adoption of a business-like approach to the management of safety, based upon the routine collection and analysis of daily operational data </li></ul><ul><li>SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS (Organisations) </li></ul><ul><li>STATE SAFETY PROGRAMS (States) </li></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  8. 8. The needs <ul><li>Operational data must be reliable information from all sources (flight data, voluntary pilot reports, maintenance reports…) concerning any event out of the ordinary </li></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  9. 9. The Power Of Information ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  10. 10. Before We Go Further <ul><li>IFALPA policy: </li></ul><ul><li> “ It would be unacceptable to give blanket immunity from sanction to all personnel that could, or did, contribute to a safety occurrence.” </li></ul><ul><li>(IFALPA Annex 13 th , Appendix C) </li></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  11. 11. There Is A Problem <ul><li>If a voluntary reporter is subject to consequences for confessing an honest mistake: </li></ul><ul><li>- There will probably be no further reports </li></ul><ul><li>- Safety Management will become more difficult </li></ul><ul><li>- This is just human nature </li></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  12. 12. Consequences <ul><li>There are various ways in which voluntarily provided information can be discouraged: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Job sanctions by employers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regulatory action </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criminal sanctions based on the information </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public disclosure of the information </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  13. 13. Society Requires A Balanced Approach <ul><li>Society demands further safety improvements </li></ul><ul><li>Society demands the effective administration of Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Reporters demand predictability of consequences following their report </li></ul><ul><li>How do we satisfy all the demands? </li></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  14. 14. IFALPA Proposal ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  15. 15. Key Element 1: Protection Of Privacy (I) <ul><li>Recordings of the flight deck are essential investigative tools </li></ul><ul><li>They were never intended to be public </li></ul><ul><li>The actual recordings must be protected from being published to the general public </li></ul><ul><li>Often, they are the last words of the crew </li></ul><ul><li>They deserve respect and privacy </li></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  16. 16. Key Element 1: Protection Of Privacy (II) <ul><li>Cockpit Voice Recordings are not “voluntarily” provided by pilots </li></ul><ul><li>CVR’s are required to be operative in every flight and the crew cannot switch off the device. </li></ul><ul><li>All conversations are recorded </li></ul><ul><li>Future provisions for Cockpit Image Recording (CIR) could worsen the situation </li></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  17. 17. IFALPA Vision <ul><ul><li>The actual recordings (CVR, ATC inter-facility) must be fully protected from publication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information from the recordings can be useful for safety and justice investigations if properly edited for relevancy </li></ul></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  18. 18. Key Element 2: Fairness (I) <ul><ul><li>Individuals will not voluntarily provide information if it can be used to harm them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is not unique to aviation personnel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of the information is the central issue </li></ul></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  19. 19. IFALPA Vision <ul><li>Adopt a standard which gives individuals guidance on how their reports will be used </li></ul><ul><li>Follow the standard </li></ul><ul><li>Apply it in every instance </li></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  20. 20. Key element 3: Balanced approach(I) <ul><li>Society will never accept immunity to pilots, controllers, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>IFALPA has already acknowledged and endorsed the concept that there are circumstances where action against an operating crew is in fact required in the interests of justice </li></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  21. 21. Key Element 3: Balanced Approach (II) <ul><li>Where an act is done with an intent to cause harm or </li></ul><ul><li>Where an act is done with complete disregard of the chance for harm </li></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  22. 22. IFALPA Vision <ul><li>Unless the previous conditions (intent or carelessness) have been demonstrated, </li></ul><ul><li>In all other cases, the underlying cause must be addressed, not punished </li></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  23. 23. Conclusions ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  24. 24. IFALPA Message <ul><li>Appropriate protection of information will allow the interests of society in justice and safety to be advanced </li></ul><ul><li>IFALPA is prepared to be a part of the solution </li></ul>ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
  25. 25. Thank you ICAO-COPAC Safety Seminar 2011 The IFALPA Vision on Protection of Information
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