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  • 1. SPANISH STATE SAFETY PROGRAMME FOR CIVIL AVIATION Spanish State Safety Programme for Civil Aviation Isabel Maestre Moreno Director General of the National Aviation Safety Agency (AESA) Madrid, March 24 th 2011
  • 2.
    • Requirements in "hard“ legislations: Law, RD, MO
    • Compliance with regulations means being safe: the more margin the safer
    WHERE DID WE COME FROM? Spanish State Safety Programme for Civil Aviation
    • Evolution of safety oversight approaches:
    • Evolution of safety concept:
      • 50’s: Technological breakthroughs
      • 70’s-80’s: Human Factors
      • 90’s: Reason’s organizational accident
  • 3.
    • ICAO defines SSP as an integrated set of regulations & activities aimed at improving safety
    • SSP is a management system to manage safety at the State level: take decisions based on safety data analysis, allocate resources in critical safety areas, evaluate the effectiveness of the measures taken & improve safety level
    • States are responsible for establishing their safety programs
    WHAT IS A STATE SAFETY PROGRAMME? Spanish State Safety Programme for Civil Aviation
    • New safety concept:
      • Safety is the state in which the risk of injury to persons or damage to property is reduced and maintained at an acceptable level, or below it, through an ongoing process of hazard identification & risk management
  • 4.
    • AESA is leading the development of the Spanish State Safety Programme for Civil Aviation
    • Spanish State Safety Programme takes into account:
    SPANISH STATE SAFETY PROGRAMME Spanish State Safety Programme for Civil Aviation
      • EASA European Aviation Safety Programme
        • EASAC coordinates European Aviation Safety Programme & European Aviation Safety Plan
        • AESA participates in EASAC together with EC, EASA, Industry & other MSs
      • ICAO requirements : Annexes & 9859 doc. (SSP framework)
      • Single European Sky Regulation in air navigation domain
  • 5.
    • State safety policy and objectives
      • 1.1 State safety legislative framework
      • 1.2 State safety responsibilities & accountabilities
      • 1.3 Accident and incident investigation
      • 1.4 Enforcement policy
    • State safety risk management
      • 2.1 Safety requirements for service providers SMS
      • 2.2 Agreement on service providers safety performance
    • State safety assurance
      • 3.1 Safety oversight
      • 3.2 Safety data collection, analysis and exchange
      • 3.3 Safety data driven targeting of oversight on areas of greater concern or need
    • State safety promotion
      • 4.1 Internal training, communication and dissemination of safety information
      • 4.2 External training, communication and dissemination of safety information
    ICAO STATE SAFETY PROGRAMME FRAMEWORK Spanish State Safety Programme for Civil Aviation
  • 6.
    • After performing a robust ICAO gap analysis, Spanish Government decided to amend Aviation Safety Act 21/2003 (ICAO 1.1-1.2-1.4)
      • Royal Decree:
        • Aviation organizations involved in the Programme: responsibilities, accountabilities & coordination
        • Service and product providers obliged by the Programme: Enforcement policy
        • AESA’s role in the Programme
        • Accountable executive role (named by Council of Ministers)
        • Procedure for preparing, processing, approving, promoting and reviewing the Programme
      • Agreement of the Council of Ministers :
        • Safety policy & objectives
        • State Safety Programme Manual
      • “ Act 1/11, March 4 th , State Safety Programme for Civil Aviation”
        • Art. 11: Spanish State Safety Programme
        • Art. 12, 18: Safety information protection
      • Safety data flow is key to building SSP
    1. STATE SAFETY POLICY & OBJECTIVES (I) Spanish State Safety Programme for Civil Aviation
  • 7.
    • EU holds the competency to establish safety requirements for Service Providers’ SMS -Regulation EC nº 216/2008- (ICAO 2.1):
      • FCL & OPS: NPA 2008-22c & NPA 2009-02c Part OR, deadline 8 th April 2012
    2. STATE SAFETY RISK MANAGEMENT (SRM) (I) Spanish State Safety Programme for Civil Aviation
    • Air Operators working group to implement SMS:
      • AESA together with airplane and helicopter air carriers
      • Integrated gap analysis was made
      • Deliverables:
        • SMS Implementation Guidance Material
        • SMS Insp. & Cert. Guidance Material
      • AESA participates in EASA + industry ESSI initiative
  • 8.
    • Service providers safety performance (ICAO 2.2); initiatives to identify and select safety performance indicators:
    • Safety Performance Indicators Programme:
      • Air Operators; CAW + OPS
      • Airports
      • Navigation
      • Helicopters & Aerial Works
    2. STATE SAFETY RISK MANAGEMENT (SRM) (II) Spanish State Safety Programme for Civil Aviation
      • At European level:
        • AESA participation in EASAC ad-hoc groups:
          • ESPICT/1
          • ESPICT/2
    • SMS Study Committee
    • (AESA, AECA, ACETA,
    • COPAC, COIAE)
    • Deliverables:
      • Air Operators Safety Performance Indicators
      • Risk Assessment Methodology
      • SMS Implementation Guidance
        • 1 st & 2 nd tier safety performance indicators
      • At national level:
  • 9.
    • Safety data collection, analysis and exchange (ICAO 3.2)
      • Sources:
        • Accident Investigation Bureaus’ Safety Recommendations
        • Mandatory Occurrence Reporting System (SNS & CEANITA)
        • SPIs Programme
        • Inspection/audit: AESA/SAFA
        • Sanctions procedures
        • Financial information
    3. STATE SAFETY ASSURANCE (SA) Spanish State Safety Programme for Civil Aviation
    • Safety data driven targeting of oversight on areas of greater concern or need (ICAO 3.3)
      • Air operators domain
    Air Operators Safety Committee – CAT & H List of the most safety critical CAT operators/ areas
  • 10.
    • Internal & External training, communication & dissemination of safety information (ICAO 4.1-4.2)
    • Internal
    4. STATE SAFETY PROMOTION Spanish State Safety Programme for Civil Aviation
      • AESA’s SMS & SSP training programme follows ICAO recommendations
      • SSP: Generic, Advanced High-level courses
      • AESA internal communication & dissemination via Air Operators Safety Committees
      • External
      • Aircraft Safety Experts Committee
      • AESA’s Web page: safety directives, warnings & information bulletins
      • AESA’s Safety Annual Memory
  • 11. SPANISH SSP CORE ACTIVITIES (I) Spanish State Safety Programme for Civil Aviation
    • Safety Data Analysis:
    • Hazards Identification
    • Risk Assessment
    AESA Accidents Unit AESA SNS (MORS) Unit CEANITA AESA Data Analysis Unit Safety Assurance Safety Performance Indicators Safety Data Collection & Exchange: AIB Safety Recommendations MORS SPIs Programme Service Providers’ Surveys Inspections & Audits Safety Observatory Safety Data Exchange Control and mitigation of risk : Safety Committees European State Safety Plan Spanish State Safety Plan Safety programs Spanish State Safety Programme for Civil Aviation AESA PLANS AESA DOES AESA CHECKS AESA ACTS
  • 12.
    • As a 1st step, AESA has elaborated a robust gap analysis (ICAO doc. 9859 Chapter 11) with the invaluable assistance of Capt. Daniel Mauriño
      • Top-down & bottom-up approach
    • Spain has established the legal framework of the SSP:
      • Assignation of state safety responsibilities & accountabilities
      • Accident Investigation Bureau independence reinforcement
      • Safety Information & Whistleblower protection
      • Enforcement policy definition
    • AESA is working together with main Air Operators to foster SMS implementation
      • SMS Implementation Guidance Material
    • AESA is working together with stakeholders to identify common SPIs
      • Without stakeholders participation, meaningful SPIs can NOT be defined
      • Predictive indicators
    • AESA is continuously improving its data collection & analysis processes
      • New quantitative SRM methodologies, computer-based tools development, training, etc.
      • MORS is a key safety data source BUT it must be complemented with other safety data sources
      • Other SSPs lack of this approach
    SPANISH SSP CORE ACTIVITIES (II) Spanish State Safety Programme for Civil Aviation
  • 13.
    • Data analysis and risk management = improving safety
    • Safety data: the system’s blood
    • Spain has been working for years on SSP implementation;
    • following ICAO’s framework
    • SSP implementation is everyone's business: industry and public administration
    • Future challenges: effective safety information exchange and quantitative (scientific-based) risk assessment methodologies
    • Safety data & whistleblower protection: key SSP element
    SUMMARY Spanish State Safety Programme for Civil Aviation
  • 14. “ Safety Managers: persons who write a 10,000 word document and call it a brief.” Franz Kafka