“A woman is the full circle. Within her is the power to create, nurture and transform.”
Women empowerment is one of the momentous issues of contemporary development
policies in developing countries. Since empowerment is considered a multidimensional
concept, it is determined by many socio-economic factors and cultural norms.
The term ‘women empowerment’ has become popular in the development field since
1980s. It is vividly recognised that women empowerment is essential for sustainable
economic growth and reduction in poverty in developing countries.
WOMEN COOPERATIVE IN PAKISTAN
In our country, the women’s Cooperative societies simply run Industrial
Homes, Education Centers or fair Price Shops. The sphere is limited. However, women
can form cooperatives for almost any income generating Schemes like poultry
farming, textile dyeing and printing, medical stores, garments, workshops, etc. this, in
addition, to providing economic relief would also be a great education in communal
living as all the members have to work on all aspects of the business, with complete faith
and trust in each other.
KARACHI COOPERATIVE HOUSING SOCIETIES UNION LIMITED:
Karachi Cooperative Housing Societies Union Limited is carrying
the reputation and creditability of its services for about 63
The Karachi Co-operative Housing Societies Union Ltd, was registered
under the West Pakistan Co-operative Societies Act VII of 1925 in
early 1950 with the aim of acquiring land from Govt. and other
agencies on license or lease and to give Sub-license or sub-lease of
the same to Member Societies after developing the land. It also
provided and maintained municipal and other services till such time
when the same was handed over to local authorities in early 70’s.
The entire plan and layout roads, lanes, paths and sites for shopping centers and public amenities
were done by K.C.H.S Union. A short list of such work done is as under: -
TOTAL AREA OF THE UNION
LENGTH OF WATER MAINS
PARKS AND OTHER AMENITIES
WOMEN WING UNDER THE BANNER OF KARACHI COOPERATIVE HOUSING SOCIETIES
The women wing was established in 2006 after which the actual start of women work
came and lots of things were implemented like inclusion of women in decision making,
inclusion of them in cooperative club activities, women were given jobs in HRD
department of Karachi cooperative Housing Societies Union Limited, they were allowed to
expand their group with the inclusion of other women from urban areas like Hyderabad
and Sindh. Women had started arranging the programmes and funfairs under the banner
FIRST WOMEN WORKSHOP IN COOPERATIVES IN 2007:
In 2007 a work shop on Project planning Management and Cooperatives was organized by
the Women’s Training Center of the Orangi Plot Project (OPP), and sponsored by the
Women’s Division of Karachi Cooperative Housing Societies Union Limited. The workshop
was undertaken to educates women and Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) working
with women in methods of organization, supervision, accounting documentation and
evaluation of Projects of social welfare and cooperatives for women in poor urban
One of the aims of the workshop of the Women’s Division elaborated was to bridge the
gap between their secretariat and the NGO’s working in the areas and Communities.
Women realized that there is very little (if at all) contact between the Women’s Division
and the women at the grass root level for whom, ostensibly, it was created. They rarely
leave their offices at the secretariat to venture into the field and so have no way of really
knowing what programmes to initiate to provide relief to women in low and middle
income areas. It was the NGO’s working in the community, experimenting on
approaches, failing in some strategies, succeeding in others who are the key to uplift
work among women.
If the Women’s Division is to help in the economic progress of women then assistance in
the formation of cooperatives can be a major break through. For this it is necessary that
information regarding the advantages of collective working, the management of financial
and administrative matters be disseminated to the NGO’s who, in turn, can use this
knowledge to plan and manage projects and cooperatives among the women with whom
TRAINNING OF WOMEN IN COOPERATIVE SCHOOL OF
HYDERABAD(Lower Female Staff) 2012:
The primary lesson learnt from the training is that if the
condition of the weak and poor women is to be improved
then the NGOs would have to seek out existing
enterprises, suggest new one and work in increasing
productivity and employment by forming cooperative
groups with training, educate them into methods of
acquiring funds and supervise them closely.
The training was a step forward in making public the ways
and means of improving the economic condition of
women thus alleviating some of the oppression endured
by them. At the end it was decided that funds would be
obtained from the government and other funding
agencies if a project or society plans out with a definite
WORKING OF COTTAGE INDUSTRIES IN SINDH(OCT2011) AND ICA EXPO MANCHESTER
Historically, the participation of women had been constrained by the lack of access to
education, credit, training, market linkages, linkage between researchers, planers, policy
makers and the financial sector. The credit union of women of Karachi cooperative
Housing Societies Union Limited recognizes that access to credit alone is not the solution
to economically empower women funds insufficient to create women entrepreneurs.
60% of rural women are running the cottages industries from their houses they do very
intricate work of traditional clothes with their hands and do embroidery and stitch
different clothes and sell them in nearby areas to make their living. Atleast group of 10
can make 100 pieces of short cloths with hand embroidery within a month.
The women wing of KCHSU had approached those women and provided them with a
platform in urban areas for selling off their handicrafts.
Those handcrafts were purchased by Karachi Cooperative
Union and exhibited in ICAexpo in Manchester and had got
a good response .In this way the hand work rural women got
a boost and they will get lots of opportunities to earn their
living. In this way these women would be able to run their
own business and could access the urban cities for selling
the good and would be able to access the international
market in future. It was just a start to expose the urban
women work to international market through women wing of
Karachi Cooperative Housing societies Union Limited.
CELEBRATION OF WOMEN'S DAY ON 8TH MARCH 2012:
The women day was celebrated in Karachi by inviting the
achiever women from different fields including cooperative
and recognizing their contributions by presenting shields to
them by our honorary guest Federal Minister
Dr. Firdous Ashiq Awan.
The event was organized in the memory of late Benazir Bhutto.
EXCELLENCE AWARD CEREMONY IN CONNECTION WITH
CELEBRATION OF INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF COOPERATIVE IN
GIRLS COOPERATIVE SCHOOL OF HYDERABAD ( APRIL-2012):
Karachi Cooperative Union had celebrated the year 2012 by
visiting the Cooperative schools in Hyderabad, the whole
team of cooperators including MD Muhammad sharif Bhaiji,
Executive Women wing Errum Sharif Bhaiji, Suresh Kumar
Professor Zarai University and Ibrahim the member SAGA,
incharge of Flood Camp and visited diffrent schools and had
also attended award ceremony in girls school of Hyderabad.
The School is run by all female staff. MD had distributed suveniors to the staff in
recognition to their achievements in school progress and had given money reward for the
maintenance of school building from Karachi Cooperative Housing Societies Unions funds.
CELEBRATION OF INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF
Karachi Cooperative Union had celebrated the year
2012 by visiting the Cooperative school in
Hyderabad, the whole team of cooperators including
MD Muhammad sharif Bhaiji, Executive Women wing
Errum Sharif Bhaiji, Suresh Kumar Professor Zarai
University and Ibrahim the member SAGA, incharge
of Flood Camp The School is run by all female staff.
MD had distributed suveniors to the staff in recognition to their achievements in school
progress and had given money reward for the maintenance of school building.
COURSE ON TEXILE WITH VEGETABLE DYE ATTENDED BY A TEAM OF KCHSU IN URBAN
COOPERATIVE SOCIETY(MAY 2012):
A course was organized by Association of Textile in Ghoro under the supervision of Mr.
Ibrahim an old man had been using the vegetable dye in a most traditional way. The course
was attended by KCHSU cooperators inorder to mark a difference in year 2012 by
introducing the vegetable based dye to urban areas. There were 6 females were also
working as staff from nearby village.
C.P BERAR COOPERATIVE COLLEGE AND SCHOOL FOR GIRLS:
With a vision to fulfill the long cherished desire of the dwellers of the vicinity C.P and
Berar Cooperative Housing Society had founded an institute for girls namely C.P & Berar
College and school for girls had also established its branch with the primary school
classes by the name of C.P Star School in .
Objective was to bridge the gap between the formal education system and time-oriented
professional expertise. The college was inaugurated in November 2000 with the faculties
of Humanities and Commerce no cooperative subject was introduce due to the less
interest of the people.
Later in 2003 the college due to some reason had to be shut down. The school education
however became functional in March 2001 with the strength of 160 students. School
hired all female staff from principal to teacher's faculty only the administration
department has 3 males and some lower staff.
Now its been 12 years since the school is working with its uprising image as a
cooperative girls school in the area.
LAUNCH OF MONTESSORI IN C.P BERAR COOPERATIVE SCHOOL( FIRST TRUE
MONTESSORI IN COOPERATIVE SOCIETY'S SCHOOL IN KARACHI):
In Nov 2012 I joined the school as honorary VP and put a vision of opening of Montessori
in the school which was a necessary requirement in the school inorder to meet the
demand of the C.P Berar area after several meeting with the management committee
finally in Jan 2013the school led the stone of Montessori inorder to fulfill the requirement
of the residents of C.P Berar. The actual work was started with the feasibility report in
December 2012 and in Jan 2013 the paper work was implemented.
The following work was done:
•Curriculum based on Dr.Mari's methodology was developed
•3 levels ofclasses Level1, Level 2 and Level 3 were introduced for the age group 2.5
to 3.5, 3.5 to 4.5 and 4.5 to 5.5 respectively.
•Course was selected from book shops related to the curriculum
•Montessori Material was purchased according to the age group for teaching based
on true methods of Dr.Maria's system of Montessori education.
•Montessori diploma holder teachers were hired
•Classes were designed according to the theme of Montessori in coordination with
the curriculum of that age group
•Children time in the school is divided on a time table for English conversation,
English language, Sensorial, Exercise of Practical Life, Library corner, arts and outdoor
On the day of opening in August 2013 we had 25 students enrolled altogether and
after a month the strength increased upto 52 now the Montessori is running with
the strength of 52 students in all three classes.
AS rightly said by Dr.Maria:
"Children are human beings to whom respect is due, superior to us by reason of their
innocence and of the greater possibilities of their future"
MA AYESHA Memorial Centre (The first and the only centre in
cooperatives for special children education and Neurological diseases)
The centre's stone was led by Mr. Ahmed Abdullah in 1989 under Memon
cooperative Housing society, Shaheed-e-Millat Road, Karachi in the province of
Sindh, Pakistan with the cause to establish a full fledge platform for the training of
Special children and handicapped people.
Today Ma Ayesha Memorial Centre is the only comprehensive rehabilitation centre
for a wide spectrum of neurological diseases in patients of all ages. All the
dedicated staff members include doctors, nutritionist, physiologists, psychiatrists,
teachers and administrators are directly involved in providing rehabilitation services
that are well qualified and due to their professional expertise and dedication they
have earned a very good reputation for the Centre in the city of Karachi, Pakistan.
Since the centre is run on cooperative rules so board of directors and
honorary members have put their best efforts to keep it running with limited
resources and funds. It is the best available rehabilitation services to the
patients suffering from neuromuscular disorders and chronic neurological
diseases, specifically to those who cannot afford to pay for these services.
The centre's services are comparable to the city's best well equipped
centres. The services are available under one roof and are offered to all
groups of patients taking into consideration their socioeconomic status.
The centre has the following divisions and facilities being provided by highly
General Patients and Inhouse Special Children :(Special children of school and all
walkin patients of all ages have the facility of following therapies)
•Consultation for neurology, Psychology
•Muscular Dystrophy and Rehabilitation
•Occupational Therapy/Adaptive Therapy
•Special Children School
Students of different diseases like MR(Mild Retardation), ADHD,CP(Cerebral Palsy),
ASD(Autism Spectrum Disorder, Epilepsy etc. are admitted in the School. Ma Ayesha
is pioneers in establishing an Autism Section for the children with Autism Spectrum
Disorder (ASD). Autism Spectrum Disorder is more common in boys than in girls.
The causes of this disorder are unknown so far. So many researches are being
conducted throughout the world.
All the students are taught by female teachers only.
Iam working as an advisor to the Centre has observed that in cooperatives in Pakistan
Housing is the umbrella which has different societies working under it and the above
mentioned centre is the only institution of its kind under the cooperative societies of
Pakistan which is being run to serve humanity based without focusing on the
OVERVIEW OF ACTIVITES UNDER TAKEN BY WOMEN COOPERATORS DURING THE
Handi craft work training programme has just started at Rangoon walla
community centre where 20 girls from rural areas are given handicraft training for free
of cost at the cost of women cooperative movement.
20 more female gynecologist have been hired in Zubaida’s hospital which
falls under C.P Berar Cooperative Housing Society.
Fresh female graduates have been hired for software developments of newly
established software developing company ONTIC TECHNOLOGY located at Kokan
Cooperative Housing Society Ltd.
Increased hiring of women in Ma Ayesha hospital which is established by
one of the director’s of KCHSU.
Ma Ayesha Hospital as the name implies is dedicated to women here a
separate section is established for the training , rehabilitation and growing of special
Separate female ward established in Hussaini Cooperative Hospital run by our
one of the director’s of KCHSU.
In Orangi Town a fair price shop for basic commodities at a reasonable price was
established. Each member contributed Rs. 25.00 per shares, and they are to set up a Fair
Price shop which catered to their needs as well as enabled them to make come money.
About 25% of the profit retained by the society, the rest equitably distributed among the
members who then are free to put if wholly or partly back into the business.
8. Funds have been raised through women NGO’s and KCHSU Women Cooperative
Society during the month of Ramzan for the hospitals, girls schools and colleges, which
is equivalent to Rs.10.0M which which utilized in renovation of C.P Berar School, Dehli
NEW PROGRAMS UNDERTAKEN ESPECIALLY FOR WOMEN:
Government has invested 17% of representation of women in Senate,
National and provincial assemblies
It has given 33% seats reserved for women in local government
10% quota for women in civil services.
POLICY IMPLEMENTATION (NATIONAL & INTERNATIONAL)
NATIONAL POLICY OF DEVELOPMENT & EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN
• Implementation of Federal development schemes/projects/polices.
•Formulation and implementation of Provincial development schemes, projects and
programmes on the lines of national/international commitments/policies.
•The National Policy of Development & Empowerment of Women is the major policy
guide line for the Provinces for development and empowerment women.
KEY POLICY MEASURE FOR SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN:
•Ensuring that government agencies adopt a gender sensitive approach to development
in preparing need based, participatory and implementable programmes and projects.
Gender sensitization to be institutionalized and integrated into all sectors of
development including the private sector.
•Mainstreaming gender issues through integration into all sectors of national
•Eliminating all negative social practices.
•Ministry of Women Development is implementing agency at Federal level and has its
Provincial units. The NPA unit in Sindh was established in September, 2004 to work for
follow up and monitor the implementation and accelerating the pace of
AREAS OF CONCERN:
•Women and Poverty.
•Education and Training of Women.
•Women and Health.
•Violence against Women.
•Women and the Armed Conflict.
•Women and the Economy.
•Women in Power and Decision Making.
•Institutional Mechanism for the Advancement of Women.
•Human Rights of Women.
•Women and the Media.
•Women and the Environment.
•Women with Disability.
•The Women Centre Karachi, a project of the Federal Ministry of Women Development,
Government of Pakistan is has been managed in collaboration with the Department of
Women Development, Government of Sindh.
•The objective of the Women Centre is to provide relief to the needy, distressed and
destitute women in the shape of legal, medical and counseling support.