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Madison Vaughn, Claire Cooper, Eric DanielMrs. LesterHon Lit/Comp 1025 April 2012 Traumatic Brain Injury in VeteransIntro: (Insert photo)- Traumatic Brain Injury, also known as the signature wound of the Iraq war, has become aserious condition in the lives of many soldiers, veterans, and their families.- TBI patients and their doctors undergo various coping strategies to help those who suffer fromTBI rise above the difficulties and daily struggles that the injury renders on their lives.- In the U.S., a TBI occurs at least every twenty-one seconds, making it the No.1 cause of deathand disability for people under forty-four.- War veterans and their families are desperately wondering what ways there are to prevent orovercome such injuries from happening or reoccurring.- Advancements in technology, the development of coping skills and strategies, and preventionsof the injury should reduce the impact of Traumatic Brain Injuries in soldiers and veterans.Body Para One:TS: (Insert Photo) War veterans suffering from Traumatic Brain Injury are forced to learn tocope with the daily struggles that not only affect themselves, but also their family and theirsurrounding environment.
CD1: In an article titled, “After Iraq, Devastating New Wounds”, Alec Giess discusseswhat it is like to suffer from a traumatic brain injury he received while serving in the Iraq War in2003. Giess was traveling in a 5-ton truck with nine of his fellow soldiers when all of a suddenthe vehicle hit an oil slick and flipped over. (Insert photo) He states, “I don’t trust myself—I don’ttrust my memory. Every day is a fight”. CM1: After Giess’ head injury, his mind has been dramatically changed. Details abouthis recent home life have become hard to remember. Certain words, movements, and actionshave been completely erased from his mind ever since the day of the accident. To get througheach day, he writes himself reminders in his date book. After soldiers CM2: (Insert photo) TBI has left Giess with a life full of memory lapses and sensorydysfunction. His wife, Shana, states, “It’s like raising another kid”. Occasionally, Alec will blurtout inappropriate comments to people. Shana says, “It’s almost like being with somebody who isdrunk”. Army doctors believe his personality shift was due to post-traumatic stress disorder, orPTSD. The relation between PTSD and TBI is obvious within this case. They both have theability to make physical and mental marks on a human being. Giess’ mother says, “The serenityof our life has been disrupted in every way”. The peacefulness of their old life is now left behindfrom their new life. The family’s ways of coping with the everyday struggles has left them to onlyhope for some recovery. CD2: (Insert photo) Dr. Ghada Ahmed states, “With brain injury, you are reborn. You arenot the same person you were”. Ahmed’s observation of a brain injury shows how serious theinjury can be. He also states, “A brain injury is a lifetime diagnosis”. CM1: Scientists have discovered more about the brain in the past ten years than in theprevious ten centuries. Many soldiers and veterans are aware of the changes around them.However, many of these changes are hard to overcome because once the brain is injured, theaftermath leaves long-lasting effects on the individual.
CM2: Almost every soldier who has suffered or is still suffering from TBI has dealt withthe frustration and confusion that the injury brings. Their personal battles with their mind leavethem to wonder how they could ever fully cope with the affects. CD3: (Insert photo) “… I was a pretty smart person before. I had straight A’s… It reallyfrustrates me,” says Michael Cain, a former Army Spec. who suffers from TBI. CM1: (Insert photo) Uncertain about his future, he is stuck with symptoms such as short-term memory loss and a tendency to startle easily. These symptoms can have a major effect onthe people around him, including his friends, family, and even his work environment. Most TBIpatients question themselves. They often ask themselves, “Why am I going through weeks ofdepression at a time?’ Why can’t I keep a job?’ and ‘My wife is going to leave me if I don’t fixthings soon.’ Soldiers and veterans suffering from TBI worry about the change from their old lifeto their new one. CM2: According to the Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, some twenty percentof injuries to American soldiers in recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan have included injury tothe brain. The need for specialized brain injury rehabilitation has increased greatly. Theimportance of the causes and outcomes of a TBI injury is trying to be noticed by people acrossthe world. Through many coping skills and strategies, there are ways to overcome the everydaydifficulty that TBI can bring.Body Para Two:TS: (Insert Photo) Today’s technology has increased tremendously when it comes to showingthe effects of a veteran with a Traumatic Brain Injury. The diagnoses for veterans with a TBIare: headaches, dizziness, ringing in ears, memory loss, mood swings and many more.Scientist today have come up with different ways to discover how a veteran or person with a TBIreacts when diagnosed with this injury.
CD 1: (Insert Photo) Scientists and Doctors have come together to help find a specific way tounderstand more on how a veteran with a Traumatic Brain injury acts and feels. With theupdated technology our society has, scientists and doctors have come up with what is known asa CAT scan.CM1: This type of scanning is used to x-ray the brain from many different angles, feeding theinformation into a computer that produces a series of cross-sectional images.CM2: The most common test used is what we call a MRI. This type of testing is made up ofradio waves that go into the brain in a highly magnetized field that causes the brain to send forthradio waves. The waves are analyzed by computer to create thin cross-sectional images of thebrain. The MRI provides the most detailed images of the brain and is known to be safer thanimaging methods that use x-rays. Although, MRI cannot be used with people who havepacemakers or metal implants.CD 2: (Transition and Insert Photo) Scientists are learning more and more about TraumaticBrain Injuries everyday as they continue to research. A veteran with a TBI can have manysymptoms such as: memory loss, mood swings, change in sleep, dizziness, headaches, andmany more. Traumatic Brain Injury is not a physical injury, but more of a mental injury. Capt.Mark Olesen says: “A person with a TBI can look-even immediately after the blast-perfectlyfine.”CM1: Patients with a mild or moderate TBI does not have a lot of structural damage to the brain.But the medical officers and corpsmen are trained to recognize the symptoms. Most treatments
for a Traumatic Brain Injury is symptom based. The goal is not to just treat the symptoms, but tohelp the patient regain his or her former skills and functionality.CM 2: Russell Hill states; “I didn’t know anything had happened to me in my head.” TraumaticBrain Injury can be a very serious matter. The recovery of a TBI can be anywhere between afew months to no recovery at all. Medical officers and Scientists continue to research today tolearn as much as they can about TBI.CD 3: (Transition and Insert Photo) The estimation of veterans and service members that aresuffering from some degree of TBI today is from a minimum of 160,000 to a maximum of320,000. Paul Sulivan says; “TBI is going to be the worst story in terms of returning veterans.Most of which are unscreened, undiagnosed, and untreated.” Although it may seem like it’s veryeasy to tell if someone has a TBI, misdiagnosing is very common.CM 1: Soldiers with a TBI look healthy, but come home changed. Many are confused about theircircumstances and often are too ashamed to seek help. Many veterans today face a lack ofmental health care access in rural areas. Some contemplate or commit suicide, get divorced,leave their jobs, and walk the streets homeless.CM 2: Traumatic Brain Injuries in our society today is very serious. Because of this injury, weare losing many of our veterans who have served or who are still serving for our country.Body Para Three:TS: (Insert photo) When war veterans come home, 10 to 20 percent of them have aTraumatic Brain Injury. With this being said, we wanted to know are there any precautionssoldiers can take in the act of war to reduce receiving a Traumatic Brain Injury. CD1: A Traumatic Brain Injury is usually caused by soldiers being repeatedly exposed toblasts in war. Blast is usually hidden and explodes unexpectedly.
CM1: Soldiers wear a bunch of protective gear (Insert Photo) but sources show thatprotective head gear does no good when exposed to a blast. CM2: There have been ideas to use dogs for their strong sense of smell to help detectthe blasts. Unfortunately, blasts are well hidden and training would cost a lot of money. CD2: (Insert photo) One idea that has been established has been an idea to havevehicles that block the effects of blasts. CM1: Money seems to always be a big issue when talking about improvements in warcombat. The money that would be needed to fund for equipment to do such a thing would be toorisky of a move. CM2: Also there is no proven way to prevent blasts from traveling through barriers onvehicles since it attacks sonically instead of physically. CD3: (Insert photo) People have often wondered if some type of radar would helpidentify the bombs therefore showing a way for soldiers to get around the blasts. CM1: The use of radar does have flaws even though it does seem like a good idea.Enemies could hack the radars and pinpoint the location of soldiers. CM2: Since the blasts are caused from a bomb, even if the radar worked and soldierstried to find a way around them, there is no telling as to how far a bomb’s blast could travel.