==== ====Download Tatto Piercing & Designshttp://smallreports.com/index.php?k=tatoo,%20piercing==== ====Tattoos and body piercings have grown in popularity over the past few decades. Once onlyreserved for tribes, sailors, or criminals, the meaning of tattoos and the reasons for people gettingthem have changed dramatically.A Brief HistoryLike body piercings, tattoos are created by the constant application of ink just under thesubcutaneous layer of the skin with a needle. At first, many tribes, sailors, and other groups usedto apply the ink by hand. This was a long, painful process and the marked people were usually ofhigh status. The tattoos were often a sign of respect, rank, and social status. Since the tattoos arepermanent, the owners were guaranteed respect for life.The interest of tattooing for the general public spread throughout the world in fads. A sailor wouldbring over a fully tattooed indigenous person and interest would spread like wildfire. In London, asailor brought over a tattooed Polynesian from the South Pacific, and many of the people ofLondon began to acquire their own small tattoos in secret places. However, interest in tattooingwaxed and waned due to its long, arduous process of applying every dot of ink by hand.The electric tattoo machine is a relatively recent invention, created in 1891 by Samuel OReily, andhas revolutionized tattoos into an art form. Tattooing can still be long and painful but now the manypunctures in the skin are done automatically at thousands of punctures per minute and can allowfor better detail and shading. Skin is the most unique canvas and a tattoo that is placed onto theskin is permanent, requiring extra consideration for the right tattoo, the right artist, and the rightplacement. That piece of art will follow throughout ones lifetime.In New York City, Samuel OReily trained a partner named Charley Wagner, who continuedteaching after OReilys death. For a brief while, Chatham Square flourished with tattoo artistswhile the rest of the world remained unimpressed with tattooing. For a long time tattooing wasgenerally stigmatized and most people with tattoos were stereotyped to be scary, dangerous, orfreaks. During the 1920s tattoos began to be recognized for where a person has been in theirtravels, as tattoo artists set up shops in Coney Island. An outbreak of hepatitis, blood poisoningand other disease even worsened the prospects for tattooing in American culture.Finally, a tattoo artist named Lyle Tuttle changed Americas perception of tattooing by introducingcelebrities to the art form. He tattooed them, mostly women, and used the media to change theirstereotypes about the types of people who got tattoos. Together with the heightened awareness ofthe importance of sterilization and the improvement of training, tattoo popularity began to surge inthe last few decades.
Changing ViewsToday, the tattooing industry booms with new talented artists, schools and apprenticeship forbudding tattooists, enlightened knowledge about sterilization, and health code regulation. Tattoosuppliers are well known and there are a wide variety of brands to choose from inks, tattoomachines, needles, and even tattoo shop supplies such as flash designs, chairs, and more.Younger generations are catching onto this art form and have made having a tattoo almost a riteof passage when one turns 18 in America. As more and more people of all walks of life havetattoos, the old stereotypes of tattooing that previously kept tattooing underground and unsafe hasbecome outdated.Now getting a tattoo is easier, mildly less painful, and relatively faster than ever before. The resultsof sitting in a chair in one position for a few hours are much more satisfying to see a beautifulpiece of art with the outbursts of new and unique tattoo artists, each with their own style. Sometattoo designers stick with what is known as Old School tattoos, which have the look of tattoosdone before the Second World War. They include traditional designs like nautical stars, pin up girlsand mermaids, Old English letters, sparrows, skulls, hearts, roses, symbolic animal spirits (tigers,eagles, fish), and more. Old School tattoos keep the look simple with mostly black ink and a littlebit of color because in the older days of tattooing there was not a great variety of ink colors tochoose from. Old school tattoos are also notorious for featuring a ribbon with Old English letterswriting a word or name inside the papyrus. The infamous Sailor Jerry Collins was the man whodesigned most tattoos that are now considered traditional or Old School. Today many womeninterested in 1950s retro fashion choose Old School tattoos and place them on their arm like asailor would back in the day. Many sailor tattoos are symbolic. For example, the nautical starmeans that a person has gone through an important event or has been somewhere far and hasreturned safely.New School tattoos include any new techniques done after this war. After the 1961 hepatitisoutbreak which forced the tattoo movement underground for a while, tattoo designs were pickedup by younger generations. They used bold, bright colors and utilized more shading thanks toadvancements in needle variety and better quality ink. The health code regulations and better useof sterilization machines brought tattooing back in the forefront again. New school tattoos still havethe same list of tattoo designs as old school but are captured in a unique way that is difficult toexplain but easy to see the difference. Also many people today get new school designs that arecustom made, compared to the old school tattoos which were generally picked off a wall of flash.Today there are dozens of interesting tattoo styles to choose from: Celtic, Japanese, religious,spiritual, tribal, bio-mechanical, feminine, military, black and gray, traditional, neo-traditional,modern, and more. The best part about getting a tattoo is designing a custom piece. Then it iscompletely unique and meaningful for the person. Today, tattooing is more than ink on skin; it isexpression of the soul.Dehlia Buckley has four tattoos and a few piercings. Dehlia is a creative college student majoringin Psychology and also offers her freelancing skills to the world en mass. You can visit herportfolio at http://cacoethes.webs.com and her blog at [http://cacoethesblog.wordpress.com]