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American vs british english
 

American vs british english

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    American vs british english American vs british english Presentation Transcript

    • BRITISH ENGLISH AND AMERICAN ENGLISH
    • Historical Background
      • divided into :
      • colonial (1607-1776)
      • national (1776-1898)
      • international (1898-present) periods
      • COLONIAL
      • British colonies
      • Introduced English
      • “ When people do not talk with one another, they begin to talk differently.”
      • Settlers , " Amerindians "
      • NATIONAL
      • American Revolution
      • political independence followed by cultural independence
      • new nation needed a sense of linguistic identity
      • 1 st American dictionary written by Noah Webster (1828 ) “ An American Dictionary of the English Language ”
    • Main differences
      • Pronunciation
      • Grammar
      • Vocabulary
      • Spelling
      • Punctuation - Mr.,Mrs.(AmE) X Mr,Mrs (BrE)
      • Dates and Numbers –e.g.
        • 25 / 12 / 2009 ( BrE) X 12 / 25 /2009 (AmE)
      "We have really everything in common with America nowadays, except, of course, the language" O. Wilde
    • Pronunciation
      • Differences in accent
        • For many loanwords from French where AmE has final-syllable stress, BrE stresses an earlier syllable
            • café
            • detail
            • ballet
            • cliché
        • AmE first-syllable , BrE last-syllable :
            • address A2
            • m(o)ustache A2
            • cigarette A2
            • limousine B2
            • magazine B2
      • Differences in the pronunciation of individual words
        • bouquet / 'b u :keɪ / -   / b oʊ΄ keɪ, bu ΄ keɪ /
        • garage   / ΄ gærɪdʒ / - / gə ΄ rɑ(d)ʒ /
        • vase / ΄ vɑ: z/ - / ΄ veɪ s /
        • tomato /t ə ΄ m ɑ :t əʊ / - /t ə ΄ m eɪ t əʊ /
        • y oghurt / ΄ j ɒ g ə t/ - / ΄ j oʊ gr ə t/ comp o st , sh o ne
        • dynasty / ΄ d ɪ n ə sti/ - / ΄ d aɪ n ə sti/ pr i vacy , v i tamin
        • body / ΄ b ɒ dy / - / ΄ b ʌ di / f r o m , wh a t , w a s
        • zebra / ΄ z e br ə / - / ΄ z i :br ə / l ei sure , inh e rent
        • e volution / i :v ə ΄ l u :ʃn/ - / e v ə ΄ l u :ʃn/ hyg ie nic , l e ver
    • Grammar
      • Irregular verbs
      • Get – got – got (UK) – irregular forms
      • Get – got –gotten (USA) – not irregulat forms (more typical)
      • Burn - Burnt OR burned
      • Dream, - dreamt OR dreamed
      • Lean - leant OR leaned
      • Learn - learnt OR learned
      • Smell - smelt OR smelled
      • Spell- spelt OR spelled
      • Spill - spilt OR spilled
      • Spoil -spoilt OR spoiled
      • Prepositions
      American English - on the weekend British English - at the weekend American English - on a team British English - in a team American English - please write me soon British English - please write to me soon
      • Present perfect / past simple
      • I've lost my key. Can you help me look for it? (UK)
      • I lost my key. Can you help me look for it? (USA)
      • Already / Just / Yet
      • I just had lunch / I've just had lunch
      • I've already seen that film / I already saw that film.
      • Have your finished your homework yet? / Did you finish your homework yet?
      • Possesion – Do you have / have you got?
      • Collective nouns
      • Shall - in AmE they do not use it
      BrE singular (formal agreement) v.f. e.g. a committee was appointed... plural (notional agreement)v.f. e.g. the committee were unable to agree... . AmE collective nouns are usually singular
    • Vocabulary and Spelling
      • Words with different spelling
      • -or / our
      • -Doubled in Am. English
      • -ogue / og
      • -ce / -se
      • -ise / ize , yse /yze
      • -re / er
      • -Dropped e
      • - Simplification of ae ( æ ) and oe ( œ )
      U.K. U.S.A. colour color fulfil fulfill catalogue catalog licence license memorise memorize centre center judgement judgment encyclopaedia encyclopedia
      • Words with different meaning
      • eg.
      • Mean: (American English - angry, bad humored, British English - not generous, tight fisted)
      • Rubber: (American English - condom,
      • British English - tool used to erase pencil markings)