Present Perfect Grammar Guide


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This PPT teaches students the basic rules of the Present Perfect verb tense.

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Present Perfect Grammar Guide

  1. 1. A LINK TO THE PRESENT Present Perfect Carol Wolff
  2. 2. Carol Wolff
  3. 3. We normally use the Present Perfect when we want to talk about something which happened in the past but is relevant now. Often we use words like just/already/not ...yet with the Present Perfect. I feel really tired. I've just finished my report. I haven't spoken to Yarden yet but I've already spoken to Sarit. Carol Wolff
  4. 4. We also use the Present Perfect to talk about an imprecise time in the past, but as soon as we become precise we switch to the Past Simple. e.g. I've never been to South Africa. Have you ever been there? Yes I have. I went in 1999. Carol Wolff
  5. 5. Carol Wolff
  6. 6. We use the Present Perfect to show a direct link with the present. Carol Wolff
  7. 7. Structure <ul><li>I/we/you/they + Have +V3 </li></ul><ul><li>He/she/it + Has +V3 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>I have finish ed my homework. </li></ul><ul><li>She has finish ed her homework. </li></ul>Carol Wolff
  8. 8. Carol Wolff
  9. 9. We use it for something that happened in the past BUT when the present result is important. e.g: I think I have eaten something bad. I don't feel well. Carol Wolff
  10. 10. With words such as : just, recently, lately , the present shows that something happened in the recent past close to the present. e.g. They have just left. If you run quickly you can catch them. Carol Wolff
  11. 11. Used for something that started in the past and continuous into the present. e.g. Ron has eaten something rotten and he is still in the hospital. Carol Wolff
  12. 12. <ul><li>Present Perfect cannot be used with words/phrases that indicate time: </li></ul><ul><li>last week/month/year/…ago/ 5 O clock. </li></ul><ul><li>Some time phrases can be used with either the Perfect or the Past. If the period is not finished at the time of speaking – use the Perfect tense. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g: </li></ul><ul><li>I have not seen Tom this morning, have you ? </li></ul><ul><li>No, he has not come yet. </li></ul><ul><li>I didn't see Tom this morning, did you ? </li></ul><ul><li>No, he didn't come at all. </li></ul>Carol Wolff
  13. 13. When people are dead or it is History. e.g. Amoz Oz has written many books. How many songs did the Beatles write. Carol Wolff
  14. 14. Difference Between Present Perfect and Past Perfect. <ul><li>The Present Perfect is used when the present result is important. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The Past Simple is used for something that happened in the past and that has NO DIRECT LINK to the present. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>e.g: </li></ul><ul><li>We have finish working on the house. Now we need a vacation. </li></ul><ul><li>We finished working on the house and lef t for a vacation. </li></ul>Carol Wolff
  15. 15. Carol Wolff
  16. 16. Structure for the Progressive <ul><li>I/we/you/they + Have + Been + xxx ING </li></ul><ul><li>He/she/it + Has + Been + xxx ING </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>I have been doing my homework. </li></ul><ul><li>She has been doing her homework. </li></ul>Carol Wolff
  17. 17. Carol Wolff
  18. 18. Carol Wolff